[PATCH 2/2] pinctrl: mediatek: Update cur_mask in mask/mask ops

Chuanjia Liu Chuanjia.Liu at mediatek.com
Mon Jun 3 01:01:25 PDT 2019


On Fri, 2019-05-31 at 10:17 -0700, Evan Green wrote:
> On Fri, May 31, 2019 at 1:06 AM Chuanjia Liu <Chuanjia.Liu at mediatek.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Thu, 2019-05-30 at 10:12 -0700, Evan Green wrote:
> > > On Wed, May 15, 2019 at 1:05 AM Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat at chromium.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, May 15, 2019 at 4:14 AM Stephen Boyd <swboyd at chromium.org> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > Quoting Nicolas Boichat (2019-05-13 18:37:58)
> > > > > > On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 6:29 AM Stephen Boyd <swboyd at chromium.org> wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Quoting Nicolas Boichat (2019-04-28 20:55:15)
> > > > > > > > During suspend/resume, mtk_eint_mask may be called while
> > > > > > > > wake_mask is active. For example, this happens if a wake-source
> > > > > > > > with an active interrupt handler wakes the system:
> > > > > > > > irq/pm.c:irq_pm_check_wakeup would disable the interrupt, so
> > > > > > > > that it can be handled later on in the resume flow.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > However, this may happen before mtk_eint_do_resume is called:
> > > > > > > > in this case, wake_mask is loaded, and cur_mask is restored
> > > > > > > > from an older copy, re-enabling the interrupt, and causing
> > > > > > > > an interrupt storm (especially for level interrupts).
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Instead, we just record mask/unmask changes in cur_mask. This
> > > > > > > > also avoids the need to read the current mask in eint_do_suspend,
> > > > > > > > and we can remove mtk_eint_chip_read_mask function.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat at chromium.org>
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > It looks an awful lot like you should just use IRQCHIP_MASK_ON_SUSPEND
> > > > > > > here. Isn't that what's happening? All non-wake irqs should be masked at
> > > > > > > the hardware level so they can't cause a wakeup during suspend and on
> > > > > > > resume they can be unmasked?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > No, this is for an line that has both wake and interrupt enabled. To
> > > > > > reword the commit message above:
> > > > >
> > > > > Is my understanding correct that there isn't a different "wake up"
> > > > > register that can be written to cause a GPIO to be configured to wake
> > > > > the system from suspend? The only way to do so is to leave the GPIO
> > > > > unmasked in the hardware by having EINT_EN[irq] = 1? And thus any
> > > > > interrupts that we don't want to wake us up during suspend should be
> > > > > masked in the hardware?
> > > >
> > > > Yes, that's my understanding as well.
> > > >
> > > > And then, what this driver does is to emulate the behaviour of a
> > > > controller that would actually have separate irq and wake enable
> > > > registers.
> > > >
> > > > > If that's true, the code here that's trying to keep track of enabled
> > > > > irqs and wakeup enabled irqs can be replaced with the irqchip flag so
> > > > > that wakeup irqs are not masked while non-wakeups are masked.
> > > >
> > > > Correct, but with the caveat that I don't see anything that definitely
> > > > requires an interrupt to be enabled to be a wake source. See below...
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > >  1. cur_mask[irq] = 1; wake_mask[irq] = 1; EINT_EN[irq] = 1 (interrupt
> > > > > > enabled at hardware level)
> > > > > >  2. System suspends, resumes due to that line (at this stage EINT_HW
> > > > > > == wake_mask)
> > > > > >  3. irq_pm_check_wakeup is called, and disables the interrupt =>
> > > > > > EINT_EN[irq] = 0, but we still have cur_mask[irq] = 1
> > > > > >  4. mtk_eint_do_resume is called, and restores EINT_EN = cur_mask, so
> > > > > > it reenables EINT_EN[irq] = 1 => interrupt storm.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > This patch fixes the issue in step 3. So that the interrupt can be
> > > > > > re-enabled properly later on, sometimes after mtk_eint_do_resume, when
> > > > > > the driver is ready to handle it.
> > > > >
> > > > > Right, we'd rather not see irqchip drivers working around the genirq
> > > > > layer to do these things like tracking cur_mask and wake_mask. That
> > > > > leads to subtle bugs and makes the driver maintain state across the
> > > > > irqchip callbacks and system suspend/resume.
> > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Also, IRQCHIP_MASK_ON_SUSPEND does not handle lines that are enabled
> > > > > > as a wake source, but without interrupt enabled (e.g. cros_ec driver
> > > > > > does that), which we do want to support.
> > > > >
> > > > > Hmm. I thought that even if the irq is disabled by a driver, that would
> > > > > be a lazy disable so it isn't really masked in the hardware. Then if an
> > > > > interrupt comes in during suspend on a wake configured irq line, the
> > > > > hardware will have left it unmasked because IRQCHIP_MASK_ON_SUSPEND in
> > > > > combination with lazy disable would mean that the line is left unmasked
> > > > > (ignoring whatever this mediatek driver is doing to mask and unmask in
> > > > > PM hooks).
> > > >
> > > > At the very least, that's not what happens with this system. The
> > > > interrupt is definitely not kept enabled in suspend, and the system
> > > > would not wake from an EC interrupt. (see also this series, BTW:
> > > > https://patchwork.kernel.org/cover/10921121/).
> > > >
> > > > > Just reading Documentation/power/suspend-and-interrupts.txt I'm led to
> > > > > believe that the cros_ec driver shouldn't call disable_irq() on the
> > > > > interrupt if it wants to wakeup from it:
> > > > >
> > > > > "Calling enable_irq_wake() causes suspend_device_irqs() to treat the
> > > > > given IRQ in a special way.  Namely, the IRQ remains enabled, by on the
> > > > > first interrupt it will be disabled, marked as pending and "suspended"
> > > > > so that it will be re-enabled by resume_device_irqs() during the
> > > > > subsequent system resume.  Also the PM core is notified about the event
> > > > > which causes the system suspend in progress to be aborted (that doesn't
> > > > > have to happen immediately, but at one of the points where the suspend
> > > > > thread looks for pending wakeup events)."
> > > >
> > > > I think this describes the behaviour when you keep both enabled.
> > > >
> > > > > I suppose the problem is an irq line disabled in hardware that has
> > > > > wakeup armed on it? Is this even valid? Shouldn't an irq be enabled for
> > > > > wakeup to work?
> > > >
> > > > I couldn't really find a definite answer, but there are a bunch of
> > > > examples of other drivers in the kernel:
> > > >  - drivers/extcon/extcon-usb-gpio.c:usb_extcon_suspend
> > > >  - drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid.c:i2c_hid_suspend
> > > >  - drivers/mfd/max77843.c:max77843_suspend
> > > > (not exhaustive, this is quite hard to grep for...)
> > > >
> > > > > We could immediately unmask those lines in the hardware when the
> > > > > set_wake() callback is called. That way the genirq layer can use the
> > > > > driver to do what it wants with the hardware and the driver can make
> > > > > sure that set_wake() will always cause the wakeup interrupt to be
> > > > > delivered to genirq even when software has disabled it.
> > > > >
> > > > > But I think that there might be a problem with how genirq understands
> > > > > the masked state of a line when the wakeup implementation conflates
> > > > > masked state with wakeup armed state. Consider this call-flow:
> > > > >
> > > > >         irq masked in hardware, IRQD_IRQ_MASKED is set
> > > > >         enable_irq_wake()
> > > > >           unmask_irq in hardware
> > > > >         IRQD_WAKEUP_ARMED is set
> > > > >         <suspend and wakeup from irq>
> > > > >         handle_level_irq()
> > > > >           mask_ack_irq()
> > > > >             mask_irq()
> > > > >               if (irqd_irq_masked()) -> returns true and skips masking!
> > > > >             if (desc->irq_data.chip->irq_ack)
> > > > >               ...
> > > > >           irq_may_run()
> > > > >             irq_pm_check_wakeup()
> > > > >               irq_disable()
> > > > >                 mask_irq() -> does nothing again
> > > > >
> > > > > In the above flow, we never mask the irq because we thought it was
> > > > > already masked when it was disabled, but the irqchip implementation
> > > > > unmasked it to make wakeup work. Maybe we should always mask the irq if
> > > > > wakeup is armed and we're trying to call mask_irq()? Looks hacky.
> > Maybe we can implement irqchip's mask_ack_irq  in mediatek driver to
> > always mask the irq. Then flow will always call it without judgment
> > IRQD_IRQ_MASKED.
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/pinctrl/mediatek/mtk-eint.c
> > b/drivers/pinctrl/mediatek/mtk-
> > index f464f8c..9f1aae2 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pinctrl/mediatek/mtk-eint.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pinctrl/mediatek/mtk-eint.c
> > @@ -272,12 +272,19 @@ static void mtk_eint_irq_release_resources(struct
> > irq_data
> >         gpiochip_unlock_as_irq(gpio_c, gpio_n);
> >  }
> >
> > +static void mtk_eint_mask_ack(struct irq_data *d)
> > +{
> > +       mtk_eint_mask(d);
> > +       mtk_eint_ack(d);
> > +}
> > +
> >  static struct irq_chip mtk_eint_irq_chip = {
> >         .name = "mt-eint",
> >         .irq_disable = mtk_eint_mask,
> >         .irq_mask = mtk_eint_mask,
> >         .irq_unmask = mtk_eint_unmask,
> >         .irq_ack = mtk_eint_ack,
> > +       .irq_mask_ack = mtk_eint_mask_ack,
> >         .irq_set_type = mtk_eint_set_type,
> >         .irq_set_wake = mtk_eint_irq_set_wake,
> >         .irq_request_resources = mtk_eint_irq_request_resources,
> >
> > This seems like a small change.
> > thanks.
> 
> Does this work? My understanding is that Linux thinks the irq is
> _already_ masked, so it short-circuits in the generic IRQ code and
> doesn't call mask again.
> -Evan

Yes, you are right.

The underlying problem is really that the hardware IRQ enabled state is
out of sync with what linux thinks.In resume flow,Linux thinks the irq
is _already_masked, so it short-circuits in the generic IRQ code and
doesn't call mask again.So in step 3 will have a interrupt storm.

But we implement irqchip's mask_ack_irq so that mask_ack_irq() calls
desc->irq_data.chip->irq_mask_ack instead of mask_irq() that needs to
judge IRQD_IRQ_MASKED. This will correctly set cur_mask[irq] = 0 to 
sync with kernel state.

Also, this patch can solve the issue of [1/2] in this patchset[1] which
also is the interrupt mask cannot be set correctly due to hardware irq
state not sync kernel.

[1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10921143/





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