[PATCH v9 08/21] iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s: Extend MediaTek 4GB Mode

Yong Wu yong.wu at mediatek.com
Thu Aug 15 03:03:30 PDT 2019


On Thu, 2019-08-15 at 10:51 +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 15, 2019 at 04:47:49PM +0800, Yong Wu wrote:
> > On Wed, 2019-08-14 at 15:41 +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Sat, Aug 10, 2019 at 03:58:08PM +0800, Yong Wu wrote:
> > > > MediaTek extend the arm v7s descriptor to support the dram over 4GB.
> > > > 
> > > > In the mt2712 and mt8173, it's called "4GB mode", the physical address
> > > > is from 0x4000_0000 to 0x1_3fff_ffff, but from EMI point of view, it
> > > > is remapped to high address from 0x1_0000_0000 to 0x1_ffff_ffff, the
> > > > bit32 is always enabled. thus, in the M4U, we always enable the bit9
> > > > for all PTEs which means to enable bit32 of physical address. Here is
> > > > the detailed remap relationship in the "4GB mode":
> > > > CPU PA         ->    HW PA
> > > > 0x4000_0000          0x1_4000_0000 (Add bit32)
> > > > 0x8000_0000          0x1_8000_0000 ...
> > > > 0xc000_0000          0x1_c000_0000 ...
> > > > 0x1_0000_0000        0x1_0000_0000 (No change)
> > > 
> > > So in this example, there are no PAs below 0x4000_0000 yet you later
> > > add code to deal with that:
> > > 
> > > > +	/* Workaround for MTK 4GB Mode: Add BIT32 only when PA < 0x4000_0000.*/
> > > > +	if (cfg->oas == ARM_V7S_MTK_4GB_OAS && paddr < 0x40000000UL)
> > > > +		paddr |= BIT_ULL(32);
> > > 
> > > Why? Mainline currently doesn't do anything like this for the "4gb mode"
> > > support as far as I can tell. In fact, we currently unconditionally set
> > > bit 32 in the physical address returned by iova_to_phys() which wouldn't
> > > match your CPU PAs listed above, so I'm confused about how this is supposed
> > > to work.
> > 
> > Actually current mainline have a bug for this. So I tried to use another
> > special patch[1] for it in v8.
> 
> If you're fixing a bug in mainline, I'd prefer to see that as a separate
> patch.
> 
> > But the issue is not critical since MediaTek multimedia consumer(v4l2
> > and drm) don't call iommu_iova_to_phys currently.
> > 
> > > 
> > > The way I would like this quirk to work is that the io-pgtable code
> > > basically sets bit 9 in the pte when bit 32 is set in the physical address,
> > > and sets bit 4 in the pte when bit 33 is set in the physical address. It
> > > would then do the opposite when converting a pte to a physical address.
> > > 
> > > That way, your driver can call the page table code directly with the high
> > > addresses and we don't have to do any manual offsetting or range checking
> > > in the page table code.
> > 
> > In this case, the mt8183 can work successfully while the "4gb
> > mode"(mt8173/mt2712) can not.
> > 
> > In the "4gb mode", As the remap relationship above, we should always add
> > bit32 in pte as we did in [2]. and need add bit32 in the
> > "iova_to_phys"(Not always add.). That means the "4gb mode" has a special
> > flow:
> > a. Always add bit32 in paddr_to_iopte.
> > b. Add bit32 only when PA < 0x40000000 in iopte_to_paddr.
> 
> I think this is probably at the heart of my misunderstanding. What is so
> special about PAs (is this HW PA or CPU PA?) below 0x40000000? Is this RAM
> or something else?

SRAM and the HW registers.

> 
> > > Please can you explain to me why the diff below doesn't work on top of
> > > this series?
> > 
> > The diff below is just I did in v8[3]. The different is that I move the
> > "4gb mode" special flow in the mtk_iommu.c in v8, the code is like
> > [4]below. When I sent v9, I found that I can distinguish the "4gb mode"
> > with "oas == 33" in v7s. then I can "simply" add the 4gb special flow[5]
> > based on your diff.
> > 
> > 
> > >  I'm happy to chat on IRC if you think it would be easier,
> > > because I have a horrible feeling that we've been talking past each other
> > > and I'd like to see this support merged for 5.4.
> > 
> > Thanks very much for your view, I'm sorry that I don't have IRC. I will
> > send the next version quickly if we have a conclusion here. Then Which
> > way is better? If you'd like keep the pagetable code clean, I will add
> > the "4gb mode" special flow into mtk_iommu.c.
> 
> I mean, we could even talk on the phone if necessary because I can't accept
> this code unless I understand how it works!
> 
> To be blunt, I'd like to avoid the io-pgtable changes looking different to
> what I suggested:
> 
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > > index ab12ef5f8b03..d8d84617c822 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > > @@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ static arm_v7s_iopte paddr_to_iopte(phys_addr_t paddr, int lvl,
> > >  	arm_v7s_iopte pte = paddr & ARM_V7S_LVL_MASK(lvl);
> > >  
> > >  	if (cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_MTK_EXT) {
> > > -		if ((paddr & BIT_ULL(32)) || cfg->oas == ARM_V7S_MTK_4GB_OAS)
> > > +		if (paddr & BIT_ULL(32))
> > >  			pte |= ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT32;
> > >  		if (paddr & BIT_ULL(33))
> > >  			pte |= ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT33;
> > > @@ -206,17 +206,14 @@ static phys_addr_t iopte_to_paddr(arm_v7s_iopte pte, int lvl,
> > >  		mask = ARM_V7S_LVL_MASK(lvl);
> > >  
> > >  	paddr = pte & mask;
> > > -	if (cfg->oas == 32 || !(cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_MTK_EXT))
> > > -		return paddr;
> > >  
> > > -	if (pte & ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT33)
> > > -		paddr |= BIT_ULL(33);
> > > +	if (cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_MTK_EXT) {
> > > +		if (pte & ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT32)
> > > +			paddr |= BIT_ULL(32);
> > > +		if (pte & ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT33)
> > > +			paddr |= BIT_ULL(33);
> > > +	}
> > >  
> > > -	/* Workaround for MTK 4GB Mode: Add BIT32 only when PA < 0x4000_0000.*/
> > > -	if (cfg->oas == ARM_V7S_MTK_4GB_OAS && paddr < 0x40000000UL)
> > > -		paddr |= BIT_ULL(32);
> > > -	else if (pte & ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT32)
> > > -		paddr |= BIT_ULL(32);
> > >  	return paddr;
> > >  }
> 
> so anything else should ideally go in the driver. The change above gives
> the driver control over bits 4 and 9 in the pte, which I hope should be
> sufficient. That said, yet another thing I don't understand is how the
> IOMMU page table walker views physical addresses :/

Thanks the confirm. I will keep this way in the next version.

> 
> Anyway, in your diff here...
> 
> > [5]:
> > =========================================================
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > index 78fd11e..8e974a5 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
> > @@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ static arm_v7s_iopte paddr_to_iopte(phys_addr_t
> > paddr, int lvl,
> >  	arm_v7s_iopte pte = paddr & ARM_V7S_LVL_MASK(lvl);
> >  
> >  	if (cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_MTK_4GB) {
> > -		if (paddr & BIT_ULL(32))
> > +		if (paddr & BIT_ULL(32) || cfg->oas == 33)
> >  			pte |= ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT32;
> 
> ... I'd like to drop the oas check, because the driver should be passing
> in physical addresses with bit 32 set in this case, and...
> 
> >  		if (paddr & BIT_ULL(33))
> >  			pte |= ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT33;
> > @@ -207,7 +207,9 @@ static phys_addr_t iopte_to_paddr(arm_v7s_iopte pte,
> > int lvl,
> >  
> >  	paddr = pte & mask;
> >  	if (cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_MTK_4GB) {
> > -		if (pte & ARM_V7S_ATTR_MTK_PA_BIT32)
> > +		if (cfg->oas == 33 && paddr < 0x40000000UL)
> > +			paddr |= BIT_ULL(32);
> 
> ... here I simply don't understand the significance of 0x40000000.
> 
> Will





More information about the Linux-mediatek mailing list