[PATCH v14 01/11] x86: kdump: replace the hard-coded alignment with macro CRASH_ALIGN

Eric W. Biederman ebiederm at xmission.com
Fri Feb 26 10:38:37 EST 2021

chenzhou <chenzhou10 at huawei.com> writes:

> On 2021/2/25 15:25, Baoquan He wrote:
>> On 02/24/21 at 02:19pm, Catalin Marinas wrote:
>>> On Sat, Jan 30, 2021 at 03:10:15PM +0800, Chen Zhou wrote:
>>>> Move CRASH_ALIGN to header asm/kexec.h for later use. Besides, the
>>>> alignment of crash kernel regions in x86 is 16M(CRASH_ALIGN), but
>>>> function reserve_crashkernel() also used 1M alignment. So just
>>>> replace hard-coded alignment 1M with macro CRASH_ALIGN.
>>> [...]
>>>> @@ -510,7 +507,7 @@ static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
>>>>  	} else {
>>>>  		unsigned long long start;
>>>> -		start = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size, SZ_1M, crash_base,
>>>> +		start = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size, CRASH_ALIGN, crash_base,
>>>>  						  crash_base + crash_size);
>>>>  		if (start != crash_base) {
>>>>  			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - memory is in use.\n");
>>> There is a small functional change here for x86. Prior to this patch,
>>> crash_base passed by the user on the command line is allowed to be 1MB
>>> aligned. With this patch, such reservation will fail.
>>> Is the current behaviour a bug in the current x86 code or it does allow
>>> 1MB-aligned reservations?
>> Hmm, you are right. Here we should keep 1MB alignment as is because
>> users specify the address and size, their intention should be respected.
>> The 1MB alignment for fixed memory region reservation was introduced in
>> below commit, but it doesn't tell what is Eric's request at that time, I
>> guess it meant respecting users' specifying.

> I think we could make the alignment unified. Why is the alignment system reserved and
> user specified different? Besides, there is no document about the 1MB alignment.
> How about adding the alignment size(16MB) in doc  if user specified
> start address as arm64 does.

Looking at what the code is doing.  Attempting to reserve a crash region
at the location the user specified.  Adding unnecessary alignment
constraints is totally broken. 

I am not even certain enforcing a 1MB alignment makes sense.  I suspect
it was added so that we don't accidentally reserve low memory on x86.
Frankly I am not even certain that makes sense.

Now in practice there might be an argument for 2MB alignment that goes
with huge page sizes on x86.  But until someone finds that there are
actual problems with 1MB alignment I would not touch it.

The proper response to something that isn't documented and confusing is
not to arbitrarily change it and risk breaking users.  Especially in
this case where it is clear that adding additional alignment is total
nonsense.  The proper response to something that isn't clear and
documented is to dig in and document it, or to leave it alone and let it
be the next persons problem.

In this case there is no reason for changing this bit of code.
All CRASH_ALIGN is about is a default alignment when none is specified.
It is not a functional requirement but just something so that things
come out nicely.


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