[RFC PATCH 10/11] vfio/iommu_type1: Optimize dirty bitmap population based on iommu HWDBM

Keqian Zhu zhukeqian1 at huawei.com
Wed Feb 17 20:17:06 EST 2021

Hi Yi,

On 2021/2/9 19:57, Yi Sun wrote:
> On 21-02-07 18:40:36, Keqian Zhu wrote:
>> Hi Yi,
>> On 2021/2/7 17:56, Yi Sun wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> On 21-01-28 23:17:41, Keqian Zhu wrote:
>>> [...]
>>>> +static void vfio_dma_dirty_log_start(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>>>> +				     struct vfio_dma *dma)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	struct vfio_domain *d;
>>>> +
>>>> +	list_for_each_entry(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
>>>> +		/* Go through all domain anyway even if we fail */
>>>> +		iommu_split_block(d->domain, dma->iova, dma->size);
>>>> +	}
>>>> +}
>>> This should be a switch to prepare for dirty log start. Per Intel
>>> Vtd spec, there is SLADE defined in Scalable-Mode PASID Table Entry.
>>> It enables Accessed/Dirty Flags in second-level paging entries.
>>> So, a generic iommu interface here is better. For Intel iommu, it
>>> enables SLADE. For ARM, it splits block.
>> Indeed, a generic interface name is better.
>> The vendor iommu driver plays vendor's specific actions to start dirty log, and Intel iommu and ARM smmu may differ. Besides, we may add more actions in ARM smmu driver in future.
>> One question: Though I am not familiar with Intel iommu, I think it also should split block mapping besides enable SLADE. Right?
> I am not familiar with ARM smmu. :) So I want to clarify if the block
> in smmu is big page, e.g. 2M page? Intel Vtd manages the memory per
Yes, for ARM, the "block" is big page :).

> page, 4KB/2MB/1GB. There are two ways to manage dirty pages.
> 1. Keep default granularity. Just set SLADE to enable the dirty track.
> 2. Split big page to 4KB to get finer granularity.
According to your statement, I see that VT-D's SLADE behaves like smmu HTTU. They are both based on page-table.

Right, we should give more freedom to iommu vendor driver, so a generic interface is better.
1) As you said, set SLADE when enable dirty log.
2) IOMMUs of other architecture may has completely different dirty tracking mechanism.

> But question about the second solution is if it can benefit the user
> space, e.g. live migration. If my understanding about smmu block (i.e.
> the big page) is correct, have you collected some performance data to
> prove that the split can improve performance? Thanks!
The purpose of splitting block mapping is to reduce the amount of dirty bytes, which depends on actual DMA transaction.
Take an extreme example, if DMA writes one byte, under 1G mapping, the dirty amount reported to userspace is 1G, but under 4K mapping, the dirty amount is just 4K.

I will detail the commit message in v2.


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