[PATCH 0/3] mm/page_alloc: Fix pageblock_order with HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE
anshuman.khandual at arm.com
Tue Feb 16 04:02:04 EST 2021
On 2/12/21 3:09 PM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 12.02.21 08:02, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> On 2/11/21 2:07 PM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>>> On 11.02.21 07:22, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>>>> The following warning gets triggered while trying to boot a 64K page size
>>>> without THP config kernel on arm64 platform.
>>>> WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 124 at mm/vmstat.c:1080 __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>> CPU: 5 PID: 124 Comm: kswapd0 Not tainted 5.11.0-rc6-00004-ga0ea7d62002 #159
>>>> Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
>>>> [ 8.810673] pstate: 20400005 (nzCv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
>>>> [ 8.811732] pc : __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
>>>> [ 8.812555] lr : fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
>>>> [ 8.813360] sp : ffff0000864079b0
>>>> [ 8.813958] x29: ffff0000864079b0 x28: 0000000000000372
>>>> [ 8.814901] x27: 0000000000007682 x26: ffff8000135b3948
>>>> [ 8.815847] x25: 1fffe00010c80f48 x24: 0000000000000000
>>>> [ 8.816805] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 000000000000000d
>>>> [ 8.817764] x21: 0000000000000030 x20: ffff0005ffcb4d58
>>>> [ 8.818712] x19: 000000000000000b x18: 0000000000000000
>>>> [ 8.819656] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
>>>> [ 8.820613] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: ffff8000114c6258
>>>> [ 8.821560] x13: ffff6000bff969ba x12: 1fffe000bff969b9
>>>> [ 8.822514] x11: 1fffe000bff969b9 x10: ffff6000bff969b9
>>>> [ 8.823461] x9 : dfff800000000000 x8 : ffff0005ffcb4dcf
>>>> [ 8.824415] x7 : 0000000000000001 x6 : 0000000041b58ab3
>>>> [ 8.825359] x5 : ffff600010c80f48 x4 : dfff800000000000
>>>> [ 8.826313] x3 : ffff8000102be670 x2 : 0000000000000007
>>>> [ 8.827259] x1 : ffff000086407a60 x0 : 000000000000000d
>>>> [ 8.828218] Call trace:
>>>> [ 8.828667] __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
>>>> [ 8.829436] fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
>>>> [ 8.830194] compaction_suitable+0x98/0xb8
>>>> [ 8.830934] wakeup_kcompactd+0xdc/0x128
>>>> [ 8.831640] balance_pgdat+0x71c/0x7a0
>>>> [ 8.832327] kswapd+0x31c/0x520
>>>> [ 8.832902] kthread+0x224/0x230
>>>> [ 8.833491] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x30
>>>> [ 8.834150] ---[ end trace 472836f79c15516b ]---
>>>> This warning comes from __fragmentation_index() when the requested order
>>>> is greater than MAX_ORDER.
>>>> static int __fragmentation_index(unsigned int order,
>>>> struct contig_page_info *info)
>>>> unsigned long requested = 1UL << order;
>>>> if (WARN_ON_ONCE(order >= MAX_ORDER)) <===== Triggered here
>>>> return 0;
>>>> Digging it further reveals that pageblock_order has been assigned a value
>>>> which is greater than MAX_ORDER failing the above check. But why this
>>>> happened ? Because HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER for the given config on arm64 is
>>>> greater than MAX_ORDER.
>>>> The solution involves enabling HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE which would make
>>>> pageblock_order a variable instead of constant HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER. But that
>>>> change alone also did not really work as pageblock_order still got assigned
>>>> as HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER in set_pageblock_order(). HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER needs to
>>>> be less than MAX_ORDER for its appropriateness as pageblock_order otherwise
>>>> just fallback to MAX_ORDER - 1 as before. While here it also fixes a build
>>>> problem via type casting MAX_ORDER in rmem_cma_setup().
>>> I'm wondering, is there any real value in allowing FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER to be "11" with ARM64_64K_PAGES/ARM64_16K_PAGES?
>> MAX_ORDER should be as high as would be required for the current config.
>> Unless THP is enabled, there is no need for it to be any higher than 11.
>> But I might be missing historical reasons around this as well. Probably
>> others from arm64 could help here.
> Theoretically yes, practically no. If nobody cares about a configuration, no need to make the code more complicated for that configuration.
>>> Meaning: are there any real use cases that actually build a kernel without TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE and with ARM64_64K_PAGES/ARM64_16K_PAGES?
>> THP is always optional. Besides kernel builds without THP should always
>> be supported. Assuming that all builds will have THP enabled, might not
>> be accurate.
>>> As builds are essentially broken, I assume this is not that relevant? Or how long has it been broken?
>> Git blame shows that it's been there for some time now. But how does
>> that make this irrelevant ? A problem should be fixed nonetheless.
> When exactly did I say not to fix it? I'm saying if nobody uses it, we might be able to simplify.
I might have misunderstood the relevance of a problematic configuration
wrt the need for it to be fixed. My bad, never mind :)
>>> It might be easier to just drop the "TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE" part from the FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER config.
>> Not sure if it would be a good idea to unnecessarily have larger MAX_ORDER
>> value for a given config. But I might be missing other contexts here.
> My point is: keep it simple if there is no need to make it complicated. If these arm64 variants are the only cases where we run into that issue and nobody uses them ("hat it's been there for some time now"), why make stuff complicated?
> The current code seems to assume that HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER <= MAX_ORDER. Instead of changing that for optimizing an unused use case (it is broken), just simplify the arm64 conditions. I'd even say add a
Will try and change MAX_ORDER on arm64.
> * Some code assumes that HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER <= MAX_ORDER. For now, only
> * !TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE could lead in archs creating such setups.
> * Forbid it for now; anybody that has a valid use case has to sanitize
> * the code.
> BUILD_BUG_ON(HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER <= MAX_ORDER);
Also add another, might have to find a proper place to put these.
BUILD_BUG_ON(HPAGE_PMD_ORDER <= MAX_ORDER)
> But again, if there are valid use cases then sure, let's make the code fully compatible with HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER > MAX_ORDER.
Given that gigantic HugeTLB allocation can fallback on alloc_contig_pages()
or CMA if/when available, is there a real need for HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER to be
upto MAX_ORDER, used as pageblock_order or as COMPACTION_HPAGE_ORDER ? With
gigantic HugeTLB pages being available, HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER seems to be just
detached from the buddy allocator. But I am not sure, will keep looking.
> BTW: can we be sure that you caught all issues? For example:
> #define COMPACTION_HPAGE_ORDER HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER
> I'm not sure if it will work as expected if HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER > MAX_ORDER ... fill_contig_page_info() will never find any suitable free blocks ...
Right, there is an assumption that COMPACTION_HPAGE_ORDER < MAX_ORDER in
fill_contig_page_info() and will never find any suitable free blocks. This
along with pageblock_order needs to change when HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER can be
greater than equal to MAX_ORDER.
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