[PATCH 01/20] net: phy: realtek: Fix events detection failure in LPI mode

Serge Semin Sergey.Semin at baikalelectronics.ru
Mon Feb 8 09:03:22 EST 2021

It has been noticed that RTL8211E PHY stops detecting and reporting events
when EEE is successfully advertised and RXC stopping in LPI is enabled.
The freeze happens right after 3.0.10 bit (PC1R "Clock Stop Enable"
register) is set. At the same time LED2 stops blinking as if EEE mode has
been disabled. Notably the network traffic still flows through the PHY
with no obvious problem. Anyway if any MDIO read procedure is performed
after the "RXC stop in LPI" mode is enabled PHY gets to be unfrozen, LED2
starts blinking and PHY interrupts happens again. The problem has been
noticed on RTL8211E PHY working together with DW GMAC 3.73a MAC and
reporting its event via a dedicated IRQ signal. (Obviously the problem has
been unnoticed in the polling mode, since it gets naturally fixed by the
periodic MDIO read procedure from the PHY status register - BMSR.)

In order to fix that problem we suggest to locally re-implement the MMD
write method for RTL8211E PHY and perform a dummy read right after the
PC1R register is accessed to enable the RXC stopping in LPI mode.

Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin at baikalelectronics.ru>
 drivers/net/phy/realtek.c | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 37 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/net/phy/realtek.c b/drivers/net/phy/realtek.c
index 99ecd6c4c15a..cbb86c257aae 100644
--- a/drivers/net/phy/realtek.c
+++ b/drivers/net/phy/realtek.c
@@ -559,6 +559,42 @@ static int rtl822x_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devnum, u16 regnum,
 	return ret;
+static int rtl8211e_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devnum, u16 regnum,
+			      u16 val)
+	int ret;
+	/* Write to the MMD registers by using the standard control/data pair.
+	 * The only difference is that we need to perform a dummy read after
+	 * the PC1R.CLKSTOP_EN bit is set. It's required to workaround an issue
+	 * of a partial core freeze so LED2 stops blinking in EEE mode, PHY
+	 * stops detecting the link change and raising IRQs until any read from
+	 * its registers performed. That happens only if and right after the PHY
+	 * is enabled to stop RXC in LPI mode.
+	 */
+	ret = __phy_write(phydev, MII_MMD_CTRL, devnum);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	ret = __phy_write(phydev, MII_MMD_DATA, regnum);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	ret = __phy_write(phydev, MII_MMD_CTRL, devnum | MII_MMD_CTRL_NOINCR);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	ret = __phy_write(phydev, MII_MMD_DATA, val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	if (devnum == MDIO_MMD_PCS && regnum == MDIO_CTRL1 &&
+		ret =  __phy_read(phydev, MII_MMD_DATA);
+	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
 static int rtl822x_get_features(struct phy_device *phydev)
 	int val;
@@ -725,6 +761,7 @@ static struct phy_driver realtek_drvs[] = {
 		.resume		= genphy_resume,
 		.read_page	= rtl821x_read_page,
 		.write_page	= rtl821x_write_page,
+		.write_mmd	= rtl8211e_write_mmd,
 	}, {
 		.name		= "RTL8211F Gigabit Ethernet",

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