[PATCH v2 7/7] Documentation: coresight: Add PID tracing description

Leo Yan leo.yan at linaro.org
Tue Feb 2 11:38:42 EST 2021

After support the PID tracing for the kernel in EL1 or EL2, the usage
gets more complicated.

This patch gives description for the PMU formats of contextID configs,
this can help users to understand how to control the knobs for PID
tracing when the kernel is in different ELs.

Signed-off-by: Leo Yan <leo.yan at linaro.org>
 Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 37 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst b/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst
index 0b73acb44efa..771558f22938 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst
+++ b/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst
@@ -512,6 +512,43 @@ The --itrace option controls the type and frequency of synthesized events
 Note that only 64-bit programs are currently supported - further work is
 required to support instruction decode of 32-bit Arm programs.
+2.2) Tracing PID
+When the kernel is running at EL2 with Virtualization Host Extensions (VHE),
+perf records CONTEXTIDR_EL2 in the trace data and can be used as PID when
+decoding; and if the kernel is running at EL1 with nVHE, CONTEXTIDR_EL1 is
+traced for PID.
+To support tracing PID for the kernel runs at different exception levels,
+the PMU formats are defined as follow:
+  "contextid1": Available on both EL1 kernel and EL2 kernel.  When the
+                kernel is running at EL1, "contextid1" enables the PID
+                tracing; when the kernel is running at EL2, this enables
+                tracing the PID of guest applications.
+  "contextid2": Only usable when the kernel is running at EL2.  When
+                selected, enables PID tracing on EL2 kernel.
+  "contextid":  Will be an alias for the option that enables PID
+                tracing.  I.e,
+                contextid == contextid1, on EL1 kernel.
+                contextid == contextid2, on EL2 kernel.
+The perf tool automatically sets corresponding bit for the "contextid" config,
+therefore, the user doesn't have to bother which EL the kernel is running.
+  i.e, perf record -e cs_etm/contextid/u -- uname
+    or perf record -e cs_etm//u -- uname
+will always do the "PID" tracing, independent of the kernel EL.
+When the kernel is running at EL2 with VHE, if user wants to trace both the
+PIDs for both host and guest, the two configs "contextid1" and "contextid2"
+can be set at the same time:
+  perf record -e cs_etm/contextid1,contextid2/u -- uname
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