[PATCH RFC 00/10] KFENCE: A low-overhead sampling-based memory safety error detector
elver at google.com
Fri Sep 11 09:33:44 EDT 2020
On Fri, 11 Sep 2020 at 15:10, Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov at google.com> wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 11, 2020 at 2:03 PM Marco Elver <elver at google.com> wrote:
> > On Fri, 11 Sep 2020 at 09:36, Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov at google.com> wrote:
> > > By "reasonable" I mean if the pool will last long enough to still
> > > sample something after hours/days? Have you tried any experiments with
> > > some workload (both short-lived processes and long-lived
> > > processes/namespaces) capturing state of the pool? It can make sense
> > > to do to better understand dynamics. I suspect that the rate may need
> > > to be orders of magnitude lower.
> > Yes, the current default sample interval is a lower bound, and is also
> > a reasonable default for testing. I expect real deployments to use
> > much higher sample intervals (lower rate).
> > So here's some data (with CONFIG_KFENCE_NUM_OBJECTS=1000, so that
> > allocated KFENCE objects isn't artificially capped):
> > -- With a mostly vanilla config + KFENCE (sample interval 100 ms),
> > after ~40 min uptime (only boot, then idle) I see ~60 KFENCE objects
> > (total allocations >600). Those aren't always the same objects, with
> > roughly ~2 allocations/frees per second.
> > -- Then running sysbench I/O benchmark, KFENCE objects allocated peak
> > at 82. During the benchmark, allocations/frees per second are closer
> > to 10-15. After the benchmark, the KFENCE objects allocated remain at
> > 82, and allocations/frees per second fall back to ~2.
> > -- For the same system, changing the sample interval to 1 ms (echo 1 >
> > /sys/module/kfence/parameters/sample_interval), and re-running the
> > benchmark gives me: KFENCE objects allocated peak at exactly 500, with
> > ~500 allocations/frees per second. After that, allocated KFENCE
> > objects dropped a little to 496, and allocations/frees per second fell
> > back to ~2.
> > -- The long-lived objects are due to caches, and just running 'echo 1
> > > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches' reduced allocated KFENCE objects back to
> > 45.
> Interesting. What type of caches is this? If there is some type of
> cache that caches particularly lots of sampled objects, we could
> potentially change the cache to release sampled objects eagerly.
The 2 major users of KFENCE objects for that workload are
'buffer_head' and 'bio-0'.
If we want to deal with those, I guess there are 2 options:
1. More complex, but more precise: make the users of them check
is_kfence_address() and release their buffers earlier.
2. Simpler, generic solution: make KFENCE stop return allocations for
non-kmalloc_caches memcaches after more than ~90% of the pool is
exhausted. This assumes that creators of long-lived objects usually
set up their own memcaches.
I'm currently inclined to go for (2).
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