[PATCH v3] KVM: arm64: Preserve PMCR immutable values across reset

Alexander Graf graf at amazon.com
Thu Sep 10 12:42:43 EDT 2020

We allow user space to set the PMCR register to any value. However,
when time comes for a vcpu reset (for example on PSCI online), PMCR
is reset to the hardware capabilities.

I would like to explicitly expose different PMU capabilities (number
of supported event counters) to the guest than hardware supports.
Ideally across vcpu resets.

So this patch adopts the reset path to only populate the immutable
PMCR register bits from hardware when they were not initialized
previously. This effectively means that on a normal reset, only the
guest settable fields are reset, while on vcpu creation the register
gets populated from hardware like before.

With this in place and a change in user space to invoke SET_ONE_REG
on the PMCR for every vcpu, I can reliably set the PMU event counter
number to arbitrary values.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <graf at amazon.com>
 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index 20ab2a7d37ca..28f67550db7f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -663,7 +663,14 @@ static void reset_pmcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
 	u64 pmcr, val;
-	pmcr = read_sysreg(pmcr_el0);
+	/*
+	 * If we already received PMCR from a previous ONE_REG call,
+	 * maintain its immutable flags
+	 */
+	pmcr = __vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg);
+	if (!__vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg))
+		pmcr = read_sysreg(pmcr_el0);
 	 * Writable bits of PMCR_EL0 (ARMV8_PMU_PMCR_MASK) are reset to UNKNOWN
 	 * except PMCR.E resetting to zero.

Amazon Development Center Germany GmbH
Krausenstr. 38
10117 Berlin
Geschaeftsfuehrung: Christian Schlaeger, Jonathan Weiss
Eingetragen am Amtsgericht Charlottenburg unter HRB 149173 B
Sitz: Berlin
Ust-ID: DE 289 237 879

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list