[PATCH v2] driver core: Fix device_pm_lock() locking for device links

Saravana Kannan saravanak at google.com
Tue Sep 1 14:44:44 EDT 2020

This commit fixes two issues:

1. The lockdep warning reported by Dong Aisheng <dongas86 at gmail.com> [1].

It is a warning about a cycle (dpm_list_mtx --> kn->active#3 --> fw_lock)
that was introduced when device-link devices were added to expose device
link information in sysfs.

The patch that "introduced" this cycle can't be reverted because it's fixes
a real SRCU issue and also ensures that the device-link device is deleted
as soon as the device-link is deleted. This is important to avoid sysfs
name collisions if the device-link is create again immediately (this can
happen a lot with deferred probing).

2. Inconsistency in grabbing device_pm_lock() during device link deletion

Some device link deletion code paths grab device_pm_lock(), while others
don't.  The device_pm_lock() is grabbed during device_link_add() because it
checks if the supplier is in the dpm_list and also reorders the dpm_list.
However, when a device link is deleted, it does not do either of those and
therefore device_pm_lock() is not necessary. Dropping the device_pm_lock()
in all the device link deletion paths removes the inconsistency in locking.

Thanks to Stephen Boyd for helping me understand the lockdep splat.

Fixes: 843e600b8a2b ("driver core: Fix sleeping in invalid context during device link deletion")
[1] - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAA+hA=S4eAreb7vo69LAXSk2t5=DEKNxHaiY1wSpk4xTp9urLg@mail.gmail.com/
Reported-by: Dong Aisheng <dongas86 at gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Saravana Kannan <saravanak at google.com>

Cc'ing everyone from the original thread [1]


 drivers/base/core.c | 4 ----
 1 file changed, 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
index f6f620aa9408..07e5ceb40bb1 100644
--- a/drivers/base/core.c
+++ b/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -807,9 +807,7 @@ static void device_link_put_kref(struct device_link *link)
 void device_link_del(struct device_link *link)
-	device_pm_lock();
-	device_pm_unlock();
@@ -830,7 +828,6 @@ void device_link_remove(void *consumer, struct device *supplier)
-	device_pm_lock();
 	list_for_each_entry(link, &supplier->links.consumers, s_node) {
 		if (link->consumer == consumer) {
@@ -839,7 +836,6 @@ void device_link_remove(void *consumer, struct device *supplier)
-	device_pm_unlock();

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