[PATCH] xen: introduce xen_vring_use_dma
Michael S. Tsirkin
mst at redhat.com
Wed Jun 24 16:47:20 EDT 2020
On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 10:59:47AM -0700, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> On Wed, 24 Jun 2020, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 05:17:32PM +0800, Peng Fan wrote:
> > > Export xen_swiotlb for all platforms using xen swiotlb
> > >
> > > Use xen_swiotlb to determine when vring should use dma APIs to map the
> > > ring: when xen_swiotlb is enabled the dma API is required. When it is
> > > disabled, it is not required.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Peng Fan <peng.fan at nxp.com>
> > Isn't there some way to use VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM for this?
> > Xen was there first, but everyone else is using that now.
> Unfortunately it is complicated and it is not related to
> VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM :-(
> The Xen subsystem in Linux uses dma_ops via swiotlb_xen to translate
> foreign mappings (memory coming from other VMs) to physical addresses.
> On x86, it also uses dma_ops to translate Linux's idea of a physical
> address into a real physical address (this is unneeded on ARM.)
> So regardless of VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM, dma_ops should be used on Xen/x86
> always and on Xen/ARM if Linux is Dom0 (because it has foreign
> mappings.) That is why we have the if (xen_domain) return true; in
VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM makes guest always use DMA ops.
Xen hack predates VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM so it *also*
forces DMA ops even if VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM is clear.
Unfortunately as a result Xen never got around to
properly setting VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM.
I would like to make Xen do what everyone else is doing
which is just set VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM and then put
platform specific hacks inside DMA API.
Then we can think about deprecating the Xen hack in a
distance future, or hiding it behind a static branch, or something
> You might have noticed that I missed one possible case above: Xen/ARM
> DomU :-)
> Xen/ARM domUs don't need swiotlb_xen, it is not even initialized. So if
> (xen_domain) return true; would give the wrong answer in that case.
> Linux would end up calling the "normal" dma_ops, not swiotlb-xen, and
> the "normal" dma_ops fail.
> The solution I suggested was to make the check in vring_use_dma_api more
> flexible by returning true if the swiotlb_xen is supposed to be used,
> not in general for all Xen domains, because that is what the check was
> really meant to do.
Why not fix DMA ops so they DTRT (nop) on Xen/ARM DomU? What is wrong with that?
> In this regards I have two more comments:
> - the comment on top of the check in vring_use_dma_api is still valid
> - the patch looks broken on x86: it should always return true, but it
> returns false instead
> > > diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> > > index a2de775801af..768afd79f67a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> > > @@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ static bool vring_use_dma_api(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> > > * the DMA API if we're a Xen guest, which at least allows
> > > * all of the sensible Xen configurations to work correctly.
> > > */
> > > - if (xen_domain())
> > > + if (xen_vring_use_dma())
> > > return true;
> > >
> > > return false;
> > The comment above this should probably be fixed.
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