[PATCH v3 2/9] vmlinux.lds.h: Add .symtab, .strtab, and .shstrtab to STABS_DEBUG

Arvind Sankar nivedita at alum.mit.edu
Wed Jun 24 13:11:21 EDT 2020

On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 09:16:43AM -0700, Fangrui Song wrote:
> On 2020-06-24, Arvind Sankar wrote:
> >On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 06:49:33PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> >> When linking vmlinux with LLD, the synthetic sections .symtab, .strtab,
> >> and .shstrtab are listed as orphaned. Add them to the STABS_DEBUG section
> >> so there will be no warnings when --orphan-handling=warn is used more
> >> widely. (They are added above comment as it is the more common
> >
> >Nit 1: is "after .comment" better than "above comment"? It's above in the
> >sense of higher file offset, but it's below in readelf output.
> I mean this order:)
>    .comment
>    .symtab
>    .shstrtab
>    .strtab
> This is the case in the absence of a linker script if at least one object file has .comment (mostly for GCC/clang version information) or the linker is LLD which adds a .comment
> >Nit 2: These aren't actually debugging sections, no? Is it better to add
> >a new macro for it, and is there any plan to stop LLD from warning about
> >them?
> https://reviews.llvm.org/D75149 "[ELF] --orphan-handling=: don't warn/error for unused synthesized sections"
> described that .symtab .shstrtab .strtab are different in GNU ld.
> Since many other GNU ld synthesized sections (.rela.dyn .plt ...) can be renamed or dropped
> via output section descriptions, I don't understand why the 3 sections
> can't be customized.

So IIUC, lld will now warn about .rela.dyn etc only if they're non-empty?

> I created a feature request: https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=26168
> (If this is supported, it is a consistent behavior to warn for orphan
> .symtab/.strtab/.shstrtab
> There may be 50% chance that the maintainer decides that "LLD diverges"
> I would disagree: there is no fundamental problems with .symtab/.strtab/.shstrtab which make them special in output section descriptions or orphan handling.)

.shstrtab is a little special in that it can't be discarded if the ELF
file contains any sections at all. But yeah, there's no reason they
can't be renamed or placed in a custom location in the file.

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