[PATCH 5.7 042/477] serial: 8250: Fix max baud limit in generic 8250 port

Greg Kroah-Hartman gregkh at linuxfoundation.org
Tue Jun 23 15:50:39 EDT 2020

From: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin at baikalelectronics.ru>

[ Upstream commit 7b668c064ec33f3d687c3a413d05e355172e6c92 ]

Standard 8250 UART ports are designed in a way so they can communicate
with baud rates up to 1/16 of a reference frequency. It's expected from
most of the currently supported UART controllers. That's why the former
version of serial8250_get_baud_rate() method called uart_get_baud_rate()
with min and max baud rates passed as (port->uartclk / 16 / UART_DIV_MAX)
and ((port->uartclk + tolerance) / 16) respectively. Doing otherwise, like
it was suggested in commit ("serial: 8250_mtk: support big baud rate."),
caused acceptance of bauds, which was higher than the normal UART
controllers actually supported. As a result if some user-space program
requested to set a baud greater than (uartclk / 16) it would have been
permitted without truncation, but then serial8250_get_divisor(baud)
(which calls uart_get_divisor() to get the reference clock divisor) would
have returned a zero divisor. Setting zero divisor will cause an
unpredictable effect varying from chip to chip. In case of DW APB UART the
communications just stop.

Lets fix this problem by getting back the limitation of (uartclk +
tolerance) / 16 maximum baud supported by the generic 8250 port. Mediatek
8250 UART ports driver developer shouldn't have touched it in the first
place  notably seeing he already provided a custom version of set_termios()
callback in that glue-driver which took into account the extended baud
rate values and accordingly updated the standard and vendor-specific
divisor latch registers anyway.

Fixes: 81bb549fdf14 ("serial: 8250_mtk: support big baud rate.")
Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin at baikalelectronics.ru>
Cc: Alexey Malahov <Alexey.Malahov at baikalelectronics.ru>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend at alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Paul Burton <paulburton at kernel.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf at linux-mips.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>
Cc: Long Cheng <long.cheng at mediatek.com>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko at linux.intel.com>
Cc: Maxime Ripard <mripard at kernel.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas at arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will at kernel.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux at armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: linux-mips at vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-arm-kernel at lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-mediatek at lists.infradead.org
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200506233136.11842-2-Sergey.Semin@baikalelectronics.ru
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal at kernel.org>
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c | 4 +++-
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
index f77bf820b7a30..4d83c85a7389b 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
@@ -2615,6 +2615,8 @@ static unsigned int serial8250_get_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port,
 					     struct ktermios *termios,
 					     struct ktermios *old)
+	unsigned int tolerance = port->uartclk / 100;
 	 * Ask the core to calculate the divisor for us.
 	 * Allow 1% tolerance at the upper limit so uart clks marginally
@@ -2623,7 +2625,7 @@ static unsigned int serial8250_get_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port,
 	return uart_get_baud_rate(port, termios, old,
 				  port->uartclk / 16 / UART_DIV_MAX,
-				  port->uartclk);
+				  (port->uartclk + tolerance) / 16);

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