[PATCH v5 02/15] dt: psci: Update DT bindings to support hierarchical PSCI states

Rob Herring robh+dt at kernel.org
Fri Jan 17 09:36:38 PST 2020


On Fri, Jan 17, 2020 at 10:42 AM Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org> wrote:
>
> On Thu, 16 Jan 2020 at 19:19, Rob Herring <robh+dt at kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Jan 14, 2020 at 11:55 AM Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Mon, 13 Jan 2020 at 20:53, Rob Herring <robh+dt at kernel.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Mon, Dec 30, 2019 at 8:44 AM Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > Update PSCI DT bindings to allow to represent idle states for CPUs and the
> > > > > CPU topology, by using a hierarchical layout. Primarily this is done by
> > > > > re-using the existing DT bindings for PM domains [1] and for PM domain idle
> > > > > states [2].
> > > > >
> > > > > Let's also add an example into the document for the PSCI DT bindings, to
> > > > > clearly show the new hierarchical based layout. The currently supported
> > > > > flattened layout, is already described in the ARM idle states bindings [3],
> > > > > so let's leave that as is.
> > > > >
> > > > > [1] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/power/power_domain.txt
> > > > > [2] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/power/domain-idle-state.txt
> > > > > [3] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/idle-states.txt
> > > > >
> > > > > Co-developed-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer at linaro.org>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer at linaro.org>
> > > > > Reviewed-by: Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla at arm.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org>
> > > > > ---
> > > > >
> > > > > Changes in v5:
> > > > >         - None.
> > > >
> > > > First I'm seeing this as the DT list was not copied. The example has
> > > > problems when running 'make dt_binding_check':
> > > >
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml: cpu at 0:
> > > > compatible: Additional items are not allowed ('arm,armv8' was
> > > > unexpected)
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml: cpu at 0:
> > > > compatible: ['arm,cortex-a53', 'arm,armv8'] is too long
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml: cpu at 1:
> > > > compatible: Additional items are not allowed ('arm,armv8' was
> > > > unexpected)
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml: cpu at 1:
> > > > compatible: ['arm,cortex-a57', 'arm,armv8'] is too long
> > > >
> > > > 'arm,armv8' is only valid for s/w models.
> > >
> > > Perhaps you have a different version of the tools than I have (I have
> > > tried both on v.5.5-rc5 and todays linux-next), because I can't
> > > reproduce these errors at my side when running "make
> > > dt_binding_check".
> > >
> > > Can you please check again?
> >
> > Are you setting DT_SCHEMA_FILES? If so, then arm/cpus.yaml (or any
> > other schema) isn't loaded and used for validation. That schema is the
> > source of this error.
>
> Yes. Aha, that's why then. Perhaps that needs to be clarified
> somewhere in the documentation of tool.

Patches welcome. :) I'm kind of tired of writing documentation that no
one comments on and and seemingly only sometimes read. </rant> :(

> Anyway, I used because it was kind of hard to process all the error
> output one gets when building all yaml files at once.

dtbs_check has a lot which is where setting DT_SCHEMA_FILES is
primarily useful. dt_binding_check should be error/warning free, but
yes linux-next and rc1/2 are frequently broken.

> > It is failing in my CI job:
> > https://gitlab.com/robherring/linux-dt-bindings/-/jobs/405298185
> >
> > Is dt-schema up to date? Though I can't think of any recent changes
> > that would impact this. This check has been there a while and I fixed
> > all the dts files.
> >
> > Do you see psci.example.dt.yaml getting built?
>
> Yes, but with using DT_SCHEMA_FILES.
>
> Anyway, now I can re-produced the errors, so then I should be able to
> fix them. :-)
>
> >
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml:
> > > > idle-states: cluster-retention:compatible:0: 'arm,idle-state' was
> > > > expected
> > > > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.example.dt.yaml:
> > > > idle-states: cluster-power-down:compatible:0: 'arm,idle-state' was
> > > > expected
> > > >
> > > > The last 2 are due to my conversion of the idle-states binding which
> > > > is in my tree now. Probably need to add 'domain-idle-state' as a
> > > > compatible at a minimum. It looks like domain-idle-state.txt is pretty
> > > > much the same as arm/idle-state.txt, so we should perhaps merge them.
> > >
> > > Ahh, so maybe *all* of the above problems are caused by conflicts in
> > > the arm-soc tree with changes from your tree!?
> >
> > Shouldn't be. arm/cpus.yaml has been in place for a few cycles now.
> >
> > >
> > > In regards to merging files, I am fine by that if that helps.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > There's some bigger issues though.
> > > >
> > > > > ---
> > > > >  .../devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.yaml         |  15 +++
> > > > >  .../devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.yaml         | 104 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > > >  2 files changed, 119 insertions(+)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.yaml
> > > > > index c23c24ff7575..7a9c3ce2dbef 100644
> > > > > --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.yaml
> > > > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.yaml
> > > > > @@ -242,6 +242,21 @@ properties:
> > > > >
> > > > >        where voltage is in V, frequency is in MHz.
> > > > >
> > > > > +  power-domains:
> > > > > +    $ref: '/schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle-array'
> > > > > +    description:
> > > > > +      List of phandles and PM domain specifiers, as defined by bindings of the
> > > > > +      PM domain provider (see also ../power_domain.txt).
> > > > > +
> > > > > +  power-domain-names:
> > > > > +    $ref: '/schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/string-array'
> > > > > +    description:
> > > > > +      A list of power domain name strings sorted in the same order as the
> > > > > +      power-domains property.
> > > > > +
> > > > > +      For PSCI based platforms, the name corresponding to the index of the PSCI
> > > > > +      PM domain provider, must be "psci".
> > > > > +
> > > > >    qcom,saw:
> > > > >      $ref: '/schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle'
> > > > >      description: |
> > > > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.yaml
> > > > > index 7abdf58b335e..8ef85420b2ab 100644
> > > > > --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.yaml
> > > > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.yaml
> > > > > @@ -102,6 +102,34 @@ properties:
> > > > >        [1] Kernel documentation - ARM idle states bindings
> > > > >          Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/idle-states.txt
> > > > >
> > > > > +  "#power-domain-cells":
> > > >
> > > > This is wrong because you are saying the /psci node should have these
> > > > properties. You need to define the child nodes (at least a pattern you
> > > > can match on) and put these properties there.
> > >
> > > Right, good point.
> > >
> > > I searched for some similar examples for how to encode this, but
> > > couldn't really find something useful.
> >
> > You need something like:
> >
> > patternProperties:
> >   '^(cluster|cpu)-pd[0-9a-f]+$':
> >     type: object
> >     properties:
> >       ... and then the properties in the child nodes
> >
> > Note that its going to look weird for the 10th PD with 'cpu-pda'. So
> > maybe add a '-'.
> >
>
> Great, I try this! Thanks.
>
> > > One more thing, it seems like
> > > this change is also needed for the common power-domain bindings, as
> > > that also specifies parent/childs domains.
> >
> > Normally, we'd have a $ref to power-domain.yaml, but for that to work
> > here, you'll have to expand the node names ($nodename).
>
> Not sure I get that, but interpret this as it's not a good idea to use
> a $ref to power-domain.yaml. Right?

It means either this binding is odd or power-domain.yaml needs some
more work or both. Ideally, we only have 1 type definition of any
property name.

Probably the easiest thing to do is extend the node name pattern to
something like this:

pattern: "^(power-controller|power-domain)([@\-].*)?$"

And then name your nodes like this:

power-domain-cpu-0
power-domain-cluster

That's more consistent anyways.

> > > Anyway, I would really appreciate if you can suggest something more
> > > detailed for you think this should be done!?
> > >
> > > >
> > > > > +    description:
> > > > > +      The number of cells in a PM domain specifier as per binding in [3].
> > > > > +      Must be 0 as to represent a single PM domain.
> > > > > +
> > > > > +      ARM systems can have multiple cores, sometimes in an hierarchical
> > > > > +      arrangement. This often, but not always, maps directly to the processor
> > > > > +      power topology of the system. Individual nodes in a topology have their
> > > > > +      own specific power states and can be better represented hierarchically.
> > > > > +
> > > > > +      For these cases, the definitions of the idle states for the CPUs and the
> > > > > +      CPU topology, must conform to the binding in [3]. The idle states
> > > > > +      themselves must conform to the binding in [4] and must specify the
> > > > > +      arm,psci-suspend-param property.
> > > > > +
> > > > > +      It should also be noted that, in PSCI firmware v1.0 the OS-Initiated
> > > > > +      (OSI) CPU suspend mode is introduced. Using a hierarchical representation
> > > > > +      helps to implement support for OSI mode and OS implementations may choose
> > > > > +      to mandate it.
> > > > > +
> > > > > +      [3] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/power/power_domain.txt
> > > > > +      [4] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/power/domain-idle-state.txt
> > > > > +
> > > > > +  power-domains:
> > > > > +    $ref: '/schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle-array'
> > > > > +    description:
> > > > > +      List of phandles and PM domain specifiers, as defined by bindings of the
> > > > > +      PM domain provider.
> > > >
> > > > A schema for 'domain-idle-states' property is missing.
> > >
> > > Right, let's figure out the best way for how to add that.
> >
> > If power-domain.yaml is referenced, then don't need anything else
> > unless you can define the number of phandles (looks like you can't?).
>
> The number phandles should be one. At least, I think we can start with
> that and extend the binding if needed.

But there's 2 for the cluster in the example.

> How would that look like then? Apologize for my ignorance (I really
> need to spend some time learning this better)...

Basically, anything common that can be an multiple entries is defined as:

power-domains:
  maxItems: 1

if only 1 entry or for multiple you need to define each entry:

power-domains:
  items:
    - description: what the first power domain is
    - description: what the 2nd power domain is

Rob



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