[PATCH 2/2] Documentation/kbuild: Document platform dependency practises
arnd at kernel.org
Tue Dec 8 10:43:17 EST 2020
On Tue, Dec 8, 2020 at 4:28 PM Geert Uytterhoeven
<geert+renesas at glider.be> wrote:
> Document best practises for using architecture and platform dependencies.
> Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas at glider.be>
> Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.rst | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.rst b/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.rst
> index 2b746332d8aa6bce..87e9bbe14a21ce83 100644
> --- a/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.rst
> @@ -564,6 +564,30 @@ common system, and detect bugs that way.
> Note that compile-tested code should avoid crashing when run on a system where
> the dependency is not met.
> +Architecture and platform dependencies
> +Due to the presence of stubs, most drivers can now be compiled on most
> +architectures. However, this does not mean it makes sense to have all drivers
> +available everywhere, as the actual hardware may only exist on specific
> +architectures and platforms. This is especially true for on-SoC IP cores,
> +which may be limited to a specific vendor or SoC family.
> +To prevent asking the user about drivers that cannot be used on the system(s)
> +the user is compiling a kernel for, and if it makes sense, config symbols
> +controlling the compilation of a driver should contain proper dependencies,
> +limiting the visibility of the symbol to (a superset of) the platform(s) the
> +driver can be used on. The dependency can be an architecture (e.g. ARM) or
> +platform (e.g. ARCH_OMAP4) dependency. This makes life simpler not only for
> +distro config owners, but also for every single developer or user who
> +configures a kernel.
> +Such a dependency can be relaxed by combining it with the compile-testing rule
> +above, leading to:
> + config FOO
> + bool "Support for foo hardware"
> + depends on ARCH_FOO_VENDOR || COMPILE_TEST
> Kconfig recursive dependency limitations
The addition seems useful, but I wonder if we should mention more
- Some drivers are turned on implicitly for a platform, like
bool "Support for foo hardware"
depends on ARCH_FOO_VENDOR || COMPILE_TEST
- some drivers can use a feature that may be a loadable module
itself, or can compile if that feature is disabled, but the driver
itself must not be built-in if the feature is in a loadable module, e.g.
tristate "Foo device"
depends on HWSPINLOCK || (COMPILE_TEST && !HWSPINLOCK)
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