[PATCH v2] pwm: bcm2835: Support apply function for atomic configuration

Uwe Kleine-König u.kleine-koenig at pengutronix.de
Mon Dec 7 03:16:28 EST 2020

On Sun, Dec 06, 2020 at 02:19:41PM +0000, Sean Young wrote:
> Hello Uwe,
> On Sat, Dec 05, 2020 at 08:25:10PM +0100, Uwe Kleine-König wrote:
> > On Sat, Dec 05, 2020 at 05:34:44PM +0000, Sean Young wrote:
> > > What real life uses-cases are there for round down? If you want to round
> > > down, is there any need for round up?
> > 
> > The scenario I have in mind is for driving a motor. I have to admit
> > however that usually the period doesn't matter much and it's the
> > duty_cycle that defines the motor's speed. So for this case the
> > conservative behaviour is round-down to not make the motor run faster
> > than expected.
> I am reading here that for driving motors, only the duty cycle matters,
> not the period.

There is an upper limit (usually around 1 ms) for the period, but if you
choose 0.1 ms or 0.001 ms doesn't matter much AFAICT.

@Thierry: Do you have further use cases in mind?

> > For other usecases (fan, backlight, LED) exactness typically doesn't
> > matter that much.
> So, the use-cases you have are driving motor, fan, backlight, and led.
> And in all these cases the exact Hz does not matter.
> The only uses case where the exact Hz does matter is pwm-ir-tx. 
> So, I gather there are no use-cases for round-down. Yes, should round-down
> be needed, then this is more difficult to implement if the driver always
> does a round-closest. But, since there is no reason to have round-down,
> this is all academic.
> Your policy of forcing new pwm drivers to use round-down is breaking
> pwm-ir-tx.

So you're indeed suggesting that the "right" rounding strategy for
lowlevel drivers should be:

 - Use the period length closest to the requested period (in doubt round
 - With the chosen period length use the biggest duty_cycle not bigger
   than the requested duty_cycle.

While this seems technically fine I think for maintenance this is a

My preference would be to stick to the rounding strategy we used so far

 - Use the biggest period length not bigger than the requested period
 - With the chosen period length use the biggest duty_cycle not bigger
   than the requested duty_cycle.

) and for pwm-ir-tx add support to the PWM API to still make it possible
(and easy) to select the best setting.

The reasons why I think that this rounding-down strategy is the best
are (in order of importance):

 - It is easier to implement correctly [1]
 - Same rounding method for period and duty cycle
 - most drivers already do this (I think)

The (IMHO nice) result would then mean:

 - All consumers can get the setting they want; and
 - Code in lowlevel drivers is simple and the complexity is in common
   code and so a single place.

And it would also allow the pwm-ir-tx driver to notice if the PWM to be
used can for example only support frequencies under 400 kHz.

Best regards

[1] Consider a PWM with a parent frequency of 66 MHz, to select the
    period you can pick an integer divider "div" resulting in the period
    4096 / (pclk * d). So the obvious implementation for round-nearest
    would be:

    	pclk = clk_get_rate(myclk);
	div = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(NSEC_PER_SEC * 4096, targetperiod * pclk);

    , right?

    With targetperiod = 2641 ns this picks div = 23 and so a period of
    2698.2872200263505 ns (delta = 57.2872200263505 ns).
    The optimal divider however is div = 24. (implemented period =
    2585.8585858585857 ns, delta = 55.14141414141448 ns)

    For round-down the correct implementation is:

    	pclk = clk_get_rate(myclk);
	div = DIV_ROUND_UP(NSEC_PER_SEC * 4096, targetperiod * pclk);

    Exercise for the reader: Come up with a correct implementation for
    "round-nearest" and compare its complexity to the round-down code.

Pengutronix e.K.                           | Uwe Kleine-König            |
Industrial Linux Solutions                 | https://www.pengutronix.de/ |
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