[PATCH 0/7] cpufreq: Call transition notifier only once for each policy

Rafael J. Wysocki rafael at kernel.org
Thu Mar 14 03:55:29 PDT 2019

On Thu, Mar 14, 2019 at 11:16 AM Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar at linaro.org> wrote:
> On 14-03-19, 10:28, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thu, Mar 14, 2019 at 7:43 AM Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar at linaro.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > Currently we call the cpufreq transition notifiers once for each CPU of
> > > the policy->cpus cpumask, which isn't that efficient.
> >
> > Why isn't it efficient?
> >
> > Transitions are per-policy anyway, so if something needs to be done
> > for each CPU in the policy, it doesn't matter too much which part of
> > the code carries out the iteration.
> Even if per-cpu iteration has to be done at some place, we are
> avoiding function calls here and the code/locking in the notifier
> layer as well. Will get more such info into changelog.
> > I guess some notifiers need to know what other CPUs there are in the
> > policy?  If so, then why?
> You mean about the offline CPUs? I mentioned the rationale in 1/7. It
> is to avoid bugs where we may end up using a stale value if the CPUs
> are offlined/onlined regularly.

I'm not really convinced about this.  CPU online really should take
care of updating everything anyway.

> > > This patchset tries to simplify that by adding another field in struct cpufreq_freqs,
> > > cpus, so the callback has all the information available with a single
> > > call for each policy.
> >
> > Well, you can argue that the core is simplified by it somewhat, but
> > the notifiers aren't.  They actually get more complex, conceptually
> > too, because they now need to worry about offline vs online CPUs etc.
> 24 different parts of the kernel register for transition notifiers and
> only 5 required update here, the other 19 don't need to do per-cpu
> stuff and they also get benefited by this work. Those routines will
> get called only once now, instead of once per every CPU of the policy.

This is a much better rationale for the change than the one given
originally IMO. :-)

> > Also I wonder why you decided to pass a cpumask in freqs instead of
> > just passing a policy pointer.  If you change things from per-CPU to
> > per-policy, passing the whole policy seems more natural.
> I did that because they don't need to use the other fields of the
> policy today and that doesn't look likely in near future as well.

But some of them need to combine the new cpumask with
cpu_online_mask() to get what would be policy->cpus effectively.  That
would be avoidable if you passed the policy pointer to them.

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