[PATCH v5 04/12] PCI: brcmstb: add dma-range mapping for inbound traffic

Florian Fainelli f.fainelli at gmail.com
Thu Sep 20 14:31:36 PDT 2018

On 09/20/2018 02:04 PM, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> On 20 September 2018 at 13:55, Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli at gmail.com> wrote:
>> On 09/19/2018 07:19 PM, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>>> On 19 September 2018 at 07:31, Jim Quinlan <jim2101024 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> The Broadcom STB PCIe host controller is intimately related to the
>>>> memory subsystem.  This close relationship adds complexity to how cpu
>>>> system memory is mapped to PCIe memory.  Ideally, this mapping is an
>>>> identity mapping, or an identity mapping off by a constant.  Not so in
>>>> this case.
>>>> Consider the Broadcom reference board BCM97445LCC_4X8 which has 6 GB
>>>> of system memory.  Here is how the PCIe controller maps the
>>>> system memory to PCIe memory:
>>>>   memc0-a@[        0....3fffffff] <=> pci@[        0....3fffffff]
>>>>   memc0-b@[100000000...13fffffff] <=> pci@[ 40000000....7fffffff]
>>>>   memc1-a@[ 40000000....7fffffff] <=> pci@[ 80000000....bfffffff]
>>>>   memc1-b@[300000000...33fffffff] <=> pci@[ c0000000....ffffffff]
>>>>   memc2-a@[ 80000000....bfffffff] <=> pci@[100000000...13fffffff]
>>>>   memc2-b@[c00000000...c3fffffff] <=> pci@[140000000...17fffffff]
>>> So is describing this as
>>> dma-ranges = <0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x40000000>,
>>>              <0x0 0x40000000 0x1 0x0 0x0 0x40000000>,
>>>              <0x0 0x80000000 0x0 0x40000000 0x0 0x40000000>,
>>>              <0x0 0xc0000000 0x3 0x0 0x0 0x40000000>,
>>>              <0x1 0x0 0x0 0x80000000 0x0 0x40000000>,
>>>              <0x1 0x40000000 0x0 0xc0000000 0x0 0x40000000>;
>>> not working for you? I haven't tried this myself, but since DT permits
>>> describing the inbound mappings this way, we should fix the code if it
>>> doesn't work at the moment.
>> You mean encoding the memory controller index in the first cell? If that
>> works, that's indeed a much cleaner solution, though is it standard
>> compliant in any form?
> No those are just memory addresses (although I may have screwed up the
> order). From Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.txt:
> """
> Optional property:
> - dma-ranges: <prop-encoded-array> encoded as arbitrary number of triplets of
>         (child-bus-address, parent-bus-address, length). Each triplet specified
>         describes a contiguous DMA address range.
> """

Then I am confused by your comment, that's what this patch does, it adds
support for reading "dma-ranges" from Device Tree and setting up inbound
windows using that. The only caveat is that because the PCIe root
complex has some ties with the memory bus architecture it is connected
to (SCB in our case) there is still a requirement to know the
translation between a given physical address and its backing memory


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