[PATCH i2c-next v6] i2c: aspeed: Handle master/slave combined irq events properly

Cédric Le Goater clg at kaod.org
Wed Sep 12 22:45:07 PDT 2018


On 09/12/2018 10:30 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 01:10:45PM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
>> On 9/12/2018 12:58 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>>> On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 09:54:51AM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
>>>> On 9/11/2018 6:34 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 04:58:44PM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
>>>>>> On 9/11/2018 4:33 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>>>>>>> Looking into the patch, clearing the interrupt status at the end of an
>>>>>>> interrupt handler is always suspicious and tends to result in race
>>>>>>> conditions (because additional interrupts may have arrived while handling
>>>>>>> the existing interrupts, or because interrupt handling itself may trigger
>>>>>>> another interrupt). With that in mind, the following patch fixes the
>>>>>>> problem for me.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Guenter
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
>>>>>>> index c258c4d9a4c0..c488e6950b7c 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
>>>>>>> @@ -552,6 +552,8 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
>>>>>>>  	spin_lock(&bus->lock);
>>>>>>>  	irq_received = readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
>>>>>>> +	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
>>>>>>> +	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
>>>>>>>  	irq_remaining = irq_received;
>>>>>>>  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
>>>>>>> @@ -584,8 +586,6 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
>>>>>>>  			"irq handled != irq. expected 0x%08x, but was 0x%08x\n",
>>>>>>>  			irq_received, irq_handled);
>>>>>>> -	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
>>>>>>> -	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
>>>>>>>  	spin_unlock(&bus->lock);
>>>>>>>  	return irq_remaining ? IRQ_NONE : IRQ_HANDLED;
>>>>>>>  }
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> My intention of putting the code at the end of interrupt handler was,
>>>>>> to reduce possibility of combined irq calls which is explained in this
>>>>>> patch. But YES, I agree with you. It could make a potential race
>>>>>
>>>>> Hmm, yes, but that doesn't explain why it would make sense to acknowledge
>>>>> the interrupt late. The interrupt ack only means "I am going to handle these
>>>>> interrupts". If additional interrupts arrive while the interrupt handler
>>>>> is active, those will have to be acknowledged separately.
>>>>>
>>>>> Sure, there is a risk that an interrupt arrives while the handler is
>>>>> running, and that it is handled but not acknowledged. That can happen
>>>>> with pretty much all interrupt handlers, and there are mitigations to
>>>>> limit the impact (for example, read the interrupt status register in
>>>>> a loop until no more interrupts are pending). But acknowledging
>>>>> an interrupt that was possibly not handled is always bad idea.
>>>>
>>>> Well, that's generally right but not always. Sometimes that depends on
>>>> hardware and Aspeed I2C is the case.
>>>>
>>>> This is a description from Aspeed AST2500 datasheet:
>>>>   I2CD10 Interrupt Status Register
>>>>   bit 2 Receive Done Interrupt status
>>>>         S/W needs to clear this status bit to allow next data receiving.
>>>>
>>>> It means, driver should hold this bit to prevent transition of hardware
>>>> state machine until the driver handles received data, so the bit should
>>>> be cleared at the end of interrupt handler.
>>>>
>>> That makes sense. Does that apply to the other status bits as well ?
>>> Reason for asking is that the current code actually gets stuck
>>> in transmit, not receive.
>>>
>> Only bit 2 has that description in datasheet. Is slave config enabled
>> for QEMU build? Does that get stuck in master sending or slave
>> receiving?
>>
> qemu does not support slave mode. Linux gets stuck in master tx.
> 
> I played with the code on both sides. I had to make changes in both
> the linux kernel and in qemu to get the code to work again.
> See attached.
> 
> Guenter
> 
> ---
> Linux:
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> index c258c4d9a4c0..3d518e09369f 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> @@ -552,6 +552,9 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
>  
>  	spin_lock(&bus->lock);
>  	irq_received = readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
> +	/* Ack all interrupts except for Rx done */
> +	writel(irq_received & ~ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE,
> +	       bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
>  	irq_remaining = irq_received;
>  
>  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> @@ -584,8 +587,10 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
>  			"irq handled != irq. expected 0x%08x, but was 0x%08x\n",
>  			irq_received, irq_handled);
>  
> -	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
> -	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
> +	/* Ack Rx done */
> +	if (irq_received & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE)
> +		writel(ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE,
> +		       bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
>  	spin_unlock(&bus->lock);
>  	return irq_remaining ? IRQ_NONE : IRQ_HANDLED;
>  }
> 
> ---
> qemu:
> 
> diff --git a/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c b/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
> index c762c73..0d4aa08 100644
> --- a/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
> +++ b/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
> @@ -180,6 +180,33 @@ static uint8_t aspeed_i2c_get_state(AspeedI2CBus *bus)
>      return (bus->cmd >> I2CD_TX_STATE_SHIFT) & I2CD_TX_STATE_MASK;
>  }
>  
> +static void aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus)
> +{
> +    int ret;
> +
> +    if (!(bus->cmd & (I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST))) {
> +        return;
> +    }

it deserves a comment to understand which scenario we are trying to handle.

> +    if (bus->intr_status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE) {
> +        return;
> +    }

should be handled in aspeed_i2c_bus_handle_cmd() I think

> +    aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MRXD);
> +    ret = i2c_recv(bus->bus);
> +    if (ret < 0) {
> +        qemu_log_mask(LOG_GUEST_ERROR, "%s: read failed\n", __func__);
> +        ret = 0xff;
> +    } else {
> +        bus->intr_status |= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;
> +    }
> +    bus->buf = (ret & I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_MASK) << I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_SHIFT;
> +    if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST) {
> +        i2c_nack(bus->bus);
> +    }
> +    bus->cmd &= ~(I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST);
> +    aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MACTIVE);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * The state machine needs some refinement. It is only used to track
>   * invalid STOP commands for the moment.
> @@ -188,7 +215,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_handle_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus, uint64_t value)
>  {
>      bus->cmd &= ~0xFFFF;
>      bus->cmd |= value & 0xFFFF;
> -    bus->intr_status = 0;> +    bus->intr_status &= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;

it deserves a comment to understand which scenario we are trying to handle.
  
>      if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_START_CMD) {
>          uint8_t state = aspeed_i2c_get_state(bus) & I2CD_MACTIVE ?
> @@ -227,22 +254,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_handle_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus, uint64_t value)
>      }
>  
>      if (bus->cmd & (I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST)) {
> -        int ret;
> -
> -        aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MRXD);
> -        ret = i2c_recv(bus->bus);
> -        if (ret < 0) {
> -            qemu_log_mask(LOG_GUEST_ERROR, "%s: read failed\n", __func__);
> -            ret = 0xff;
> -        } else {
> -            bus->intr_status |= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;
> -        }
> -        bus->buf = (ret & I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_MASK) << I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_SHIFT;
> -        if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST) {
> -            i2c_nack(bus->bus);
> -        }
> -        bus->cmd &= ~(I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST);
> -        aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MACTIVE);
> +        aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(bus);
>      }
>  
>      if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_STOP_CMD) {
> @@ -263,6 +275,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_write(void *opaque, hwaddr offset,
>                                   uint64_t value, unsigned size)
>  {
>      AspeedI2CBus *bus = opaque;
> +    int status;
>  
>      switch (offset) {
>      case I2CD_FUN_CTRL_REG:
> @@ -283,9 +296,16 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_write(void *opaque, hwaddr offset,
>          bus->intr_ctrl = value & 0x7FFF;
>          break;
>      case I2CD_INTR_STS_REG:
> +        status = bus->intr_status;
>          bus->intr_status &= ~(value & 0x7FFF);
> -        bus->controller->intr_status &= ~(1 << bus->id);
> -        qemu_irq_lower(bus->controller->irq);
> +        if (!bus->intr_status) {
> +            bus->controller->intr_status &= ~(1 << bus->id);
> +            qemu_irq_lower(bus->controller->irq);
> +        }

That part below is indeed something to fix. I had a similar patch.


> +        if ((status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE) && !(bus->intr_status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE)) {
> +            aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(bus);
> +            aspeed_i2c_bus_raise_interrupt(bus);
> +        }

ok.

Thanks for looking into this.

C.

>          break;
>      case I2CD_DEV_ADDR_REG:
>          qemu_log_mask(LOG_UNIMP, "%s: slave mode not implemented\n",
> 




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