[PATCH i2c-next v6] i2c: aspeed: Handle master/slave combined irq events properly

Guenter Roeck linux at roeck-us.net
Wed Sep 12 13:30:59 PDT 2018


On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 01:10:45PM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
> On 9/12/2018 12:58 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> >On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 09:54:51AM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
> >>On 9/11/2018 6:34 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> >>>On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 04:58:44PM -0700, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
> >>>>On 9/11/2018 4:33 PM, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> >>>>>Looking into the patch, clearing the interrupt status at the end of an
> >>>>>interrupt handler is always suspicious and tends to result in race
> >>>>>conditions (because additional interrupts may have arrived while handling
> >>>>>the existing interrupts, or because interrupt handling itself may trigger
> >>>>>another interrupt). With that in mind, the following patch fixes the
> >>>>>problem for me.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>Guenter
> >>>>>
> >>>>>---
> >>>>>
> >>>>>diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> >>>>>index c258c4d9a4c0..c488e6950b7c 100644
> >>>>>--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> >>>>>+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> >>>>>@@ -552,6 +552,8 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
> >>>>>  	spin_lock(&bus->lock);
> >>>>>  	irq_received = readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
> >>>>>+	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
> >>>>>+	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
> >>>>>  	irq_remaining = irq_received;
> >>>>>  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> >>>>>@@ -584,8 +586,6 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
> >>>>>  			"irq handled != irq. expected 0x%08x, but was 0x%08x\n",
> >>>>>  			irq_received, irq_handled);
> >>>>>-	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
> >>>>>-	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
> >>>>>  	spin_unlock(&bus->lock);
> >>>>>  	return irq_remaining ? IRQ_NONE : IRQ_HANDLED;
> >>>>>  }
> >>>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>My intention of putting the code at the end of interrupt handler was,
> >>>>to reduce possibility of combined irq calls which is explained in this
> >>>>patch. But YES, I agree with you. It could make a potential race
> >>>
> >>>Hmm, yes, but that doesn't explain why it would make sense to acknowledge
> >>>the interrupt late. The interrupt ack only means "I am going to handle these
> >>>interrupts". If additional interrupts arrive while the interrupt handler
> >>>is active, those will have to be acknowledged separately.
> >>>
> >>>Sure, there is a risk that an interrupt arrives while the handler is
> >>>running, and that it is handled but not acknowledged. That can happen
> >>>with pretty much all interrupt handlers, and there are mitigations to
> >>>limit the impact (for example, read the interrupt status register in
> >>>a loop until no more interrupts are pending). But acknowledging
> >>>an interrupt that was possibly not handled is always bad idea.
> >>
> >>Well, that's generally right but not always. Sometimes that depends on
> >>hardware and Aspeed I2C is the case.
> >>
> >>This is a description from Aspeed AST2500 datasheet:
> >>   I2CD10 Interrupt Status Register
> >>   bit 2 Receive Done Interrupt status
> >>         S/W needs to clear this status bit to allow next data receiving.
> >>
> >>It means, driver should hold this bit to prevent transition of hardware
> >>state machine until the driver handles received data, so the bit should
> >>be cleared at the end of interrupt handler.
> >>
> >That makes sense. Does that apply to the other status bits as well ?
> >Reason for asking is that the current code actually gets stuck
> >in transmit, not receive.
> >
> Only bit 2 has that description in datasheet. Is slave config enabled
> for QEMU build? Does that get stuck in master sending or slave
> receiving?
> 
qemu does not support slave mode. Linux gets stuck in master tx.

I played with the code on both sides. I had to make changes in both
the linux kernel and in qemu to get the code to work again.
See attached.

Guenter

---
Linux:

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
index c258c4d9a4c0..3d518e09369f 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
@@ -552,6 +552,9 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
 
 	spin_lock(&bus->lock);
 	irq_received = readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
+	/* Ack all interrupts except for Rx done */
+	writel(irq_received & ~ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE,
+	       bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
 	irq_remaining = irq_received;
 
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
@@ -584,8 +587,10 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
 			"irq handled != irq. expected 0x%08x, but was 0x%08x\n",
 			irq_received, irq_handled);
 
-	/* Ack all interrupt bits. */
-	writel(irq_received, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
+	/* Ack Rx done */
+	if (irq_received & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE)
+		writel(ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE,
+		       bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_INTR_STS_REG);
 	spin_unlock(&bus->lock);
 	return irq_remaining ? IRQ_NONE : IRQ_HANDLED;
 }

---
qemu:

diff --git a/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c b/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
index c762c73..0d4aa08 100644
--- a/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
+++ b/hw/i2c/aspeed_i2c.c
@@ -180,6 +180,33 @@ static uint8_t aspeed_i2c_get_state(AspeedI2CBus *bus)
     return (bus->cmd >> I2CD_TX_STATE_SHIFT) & I2CD_TX_STATE_MASK;
 }
 
+static void aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus)
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    if (!(bus->cmd & (I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST))) {
+        return;
+    }
+    if (bus->intr_status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MRXD);
+    ret = i2c_recv(bus->bus);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        qemu_log_mask(LOG_GUEST_ERROR, "%s: read failed\n", __func__);
+        ret = 0xff;
+    } else {
+        bus->intr_status |= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;
+    }
+    bus->buf = (ret & I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_MASK) << I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_SHIFT;
+    if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST) {
+        i2c_nack(bus->bus);
+    }
+    bus->cmd &= ~(I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST);
+    aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MACTIVE);
+}
+
 /*
  * The state machine needs some refinement. It is only used to track
  * invalid STOP commands for the moment.
@@ -188,7 +215,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_handle_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus, uint64_t value)
 {
     bus->cmd &= ~0xFFFF;
     bus->cmd |= value & 0xFFFF;
-    bus->intr_status = 0;
+    bus->intr_status &= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;
 
     if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_START_CMD) {
         uint8_t state = aspeed_i2c_get_state(bus) & I2CD_MACTIVE ?
@@ -227,22 +254,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_handle_cmd(AspeedI2CBus *bus, uint64_t value)
     }
 
     if (bus->cmd & (I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST)) {
-        int ret;
-
-        aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MRXD);
-        ret = i2c_recv(bus->bus);
-        if (ret < 0) {
-            qemu_log_mask(LOG_GUEST_ERROR, "%s: read failed\n", __func__);
-            ret = 0xff;
-        } else {
-            bus->intr_status |= I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE;
-        }
-        bus->buf = (ret & I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_MASK) << I2CD_BYTE_BUF_RX_SHIFT;
-        if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST) {
-            i2c_nack(bus->bus);
-        }
-        bus->cmd &= ~(I2CD_M_RX_CMD | I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST);
-        aspeed_i2c_set_state(bus, I2CD_MACTIVE);
+        aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(bus);
     }
 
     if (bus->cmd & I2CD_M_STOP_CMD) {
@@ -263,6 +275,7 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_write(void *opaque, hwaddr offset,
                                  uint64_t value, unsigned size)
 {
     AspeedI2CBus *bus = opaque;
+    int status;
 
     switch (offset) {
     case I2CD_FUN_CTRL_REG:
@@ -283,9 +296,16 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_bus_write(void *opaque, hwaddr offset,
         bus->intr_ctrl = value & 0x7FFF;
         break;
     case I2CD_INTR_STS_REG:
+        status = bus->intr_status;
         bus->intr_status &= ~(value & 0x7FFF);
-        bus->controller->intr_status &= ~(1 << bus->id);
-        qemu_irq_lower(bus->controller->irq);
+        if (!bus->intr_status) {
+            bus->controller->intr_status &= ~(1 << bus->id);
+            qemu_irq_lower(bus->controller->irq);
+        }
+        if ((status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE) && !(bus->intr_status & I2CD_INTR_RX_DONE)) {
+            aspeed_i2c_handle_rx_cmd(bus);
+            aspeed_i2c_bus_raise_interrupt(bus);
+        }
         break;
     case I2CD_DEV_ADDR_REG:
         qemu_log_mask(LOG_UNIMP, "%s: slave mode not implemented\n",



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