[PATCH v12 0/6] Driver for at91 usart in spi mode

Lee Jones lee.jones at linaro.org
Wed Sep 12 03:54:07 PDT 2018

On Wed, 12 Sep 2018, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 10:41 AM Lee Jones <lee.jones at linaro.org> wrote:
> > On Wed, 12 Sep 2018, Alexandre Belloni wrote:
> > > On 11/09/2018 23:54:40+0100, Lee Jones wrote:
> > > > > > http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/Atmel-6438-32-bit-ARM926-Embedded-Microprocessor-SAM9G45_Datasheet.pdf
> > > > > >
> > > > > > USART doc starting p572, registers p621.
> > > >
> > > > After looking at the datasheet, I don't see any reason why one of the
> > > > two drivers can't be selected using different compatible strings.
> > >
> > > Because there is only one IP and we don't use the device tree to selecet
> > > linux specific drivers.
> >
> > We do it all the time.  There are loads of MFDs (def: same IP, with
> > different functions) which have separate compatibles for their various
> > functions.  If you wish this IP to operate as an SPI controller, it
> > should have an SPI compatible, if you wish it to operate as a U(S)ART,
> > then it should have a UART compatible.  It's what we do for most of
> > the other MFDs in the kernel.
> There is a big difference: MFD functions are(more or less) independent
> functions, which can be used at the same time. It makes perfect sense for a
> single IP block that has both SPI and UART interfaces, that can be used at
> the same time.
> In this case, there is a single piece of hardware that can perform
> different functions, but not at the same time. Performing a different
> function means configuring the hardware for that function, hence using a
> different driver (from a different subsystem).

Yes, I can see that PoV.

But ... we can't have it both ways.  *Either* it's a true MFD, in
which case it can/should have 2 separate compatible strings which can
be specified directly from the DT.  *Or* it's not an MFD.  In the
latter case, which I think we're all agreeing on (else we'd have 2
compatible strings), MFD is not the place to handle this (my original

So ... this is a USART device which can do SPI, right?

My current thinking is that; as this is a USART device first &
foremost, the USART should be probed in the first instance regardless,
then if SPI mode is specified it (the USART driver) registers the SPI
platform driver (as MFD does currently) and exits gracefully, allowing
the SPI driver to take over.

Spanner in the works: is it physically possible to change the mode at
run-time?  :s

Lee Jones [李琼斯]
Linaro Services Technical Lead
Linaro.org │ Open source software for ARM SoCs
Follow Linaro: Facebook | Twitter | Blog

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list