[PATCH v12 0/6] Driver for at91 usart in spi mode

Alexandre Belloni alexandre.belloni at bootlin.com
Tue Sep 11 11:58:39 PDT 2018


On 11/09/2018 19:39:30+0100, Lee Jones wrote:
> On Tue, 11 Sep 2018, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> 
> > On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 5:36 PM Alexandre Belloni
> > <alexandre.belloni at bootlin.com> wrote:
> > > On 11/09/2018 16:59:09+0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 11:40 AM Alexandre Belloni
> > > > <alexandre.belloni at bootlin.com> wrote:
> > > > > On 11/09/2018 10:33:56+0100, Lee Jones wrote:
> > > > > > On Tue, 04 Sep 2018, Radu Pirea wrote:
> > > > > > > Radu Pirea (6):
> > > > > > >   MAINTAINERS: add at91 usart mfd driver
> > > > > > >   dt-bindings: add binding for atmel-usart in SPI mode
> > > > > > >   mfd: at91-usart: added mfd driver for usart
> > > > > > >   MAINTAINERS: add at91 usart spi driver
> > > > > > >   spi: at91-usart: add driver for at91-usart as spi
> > > > > > >   tty/serial: atmel: change the driver to work under at91-usart mfd
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >  .../bindings/{serial => mfd}/atmel-usart.txt  |  25 +-
> > > > > > >  MAINTAINERS                                   |  16 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/mfd/Kconfig                           |   9 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/mfd/Makefile                          |   1 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/mfd/at91-usart.c                      |  71 +++
> > > > > > >  drivers/spi/Kconfig                           |   8 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/spi/Makefile                          |   1 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c                  | 432 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > > >  drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig                    |   1 +
> > > > > > >  drivers/tty/serial/atmel_serial.c             |  42 +-
> > > > > > >  include/dt-bindings/mfd/at91-usart.h          |  17 +
> > > > > > >  11 files changed, 606 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> > > > > > >  rename Documentation/devicetree/bindings/{serial => mfd}/atmel-usart.txt (76%)
> > > > > > >  create mode 100644 drivers/mfd/at91-usart.c
> > > > > > >  create mode 100644 drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c
> > > > > > >  create mode 100644 include/dt-bindings/mfd/at91-usart.h
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Seeing as this patch-set has caused some issues this morning, I took
> > > > > > the liberty to peruse back into its history to figure out where things
> > > > > > started to go wrong.  I also re-reviewed the MFD driver - and I'm glad
> > > > > > I did!
> > > > > >
> > > > > > My Acked-by has been attached to the MFD portion since v5, which is
> > > > > > why the code hasn't caught my eye before today.  I reviewed the
> > > > > > relocation of the *binding document* (serial => mfd with no changes)
> > > > > > in v4 and nothing else.  It appears as though you mistakenly added it
> > > > > > to the *MFD driver* instead.  This explains my confusion in v10 when I
> > > > > > told you I'd already reviewed the binding document.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > As I said, I have re-reviewed the MFD driver and I'm afraid to say
> > > > > > that I do not like what I see.  Besides the missing header file and
> > > > > > the whitespace tabbing errors, I do not agree with the implementation.
> > > > > > Using MFD as a shim to hack around driver selection is not a valid
> > > > > > use-case.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > What's stopping you from just using the compatible string directly to
> > > > > > select which driver you need to probe?
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Then you'd have multiple compatible strings for the same IP which is a
> > > > > big no-no.
> > > >
> > > > It's still the same hardware device, isn't?
> > > > What if the SPI or UART slave is not on-board, but on an expansion board?
> > > > Then the SoC-specific .dtsi has no idea what mode should be used.
> > > >
> > > > Hence shouldn't the software derive the hardware mode from the full
> > > > hardware description in DT? If that's impossible (I didn't look into detail
> > > > whether an SPI bus can easily be distinguished from a UART bus), perhaps
> > > > a mode property should be added?
> > >
> > > Yes, this is exactly what is done:
> > >
> > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lee/mfd.git/tree/drivers/mfd/at91-usart.c?h=ib-mfd-spi-tty-4.20-1#n33
> > 
> > OK.
> > 
> > I guess the main "hackish" part is that the mfd_cell uses of_compatible,
> > which thus requires having additional compatible values?
> > 
> > I think those can just be removed. AFAICS, the SPI and serial drivers already
> > match against the "at91_usart_spi" resp. "atmel_usart_serial" platform device
> > names?
> 
> The hackish part of this driver is that it's using MFD for something
> which is clearly not an MFD.  It's a USART device.  Nothing more,
> nothing less.
> 
> Does anyone have the datasheet to hand?
> 

It is not a simple usart, it is either a usart or a full blown SPI
controller with registers changing layout depending on the selected
mode. Otherwise, I'm not sure how you would get a USART to do SPI.

Datasheet here:

http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/Atmel-6438-32-bit-ARM926-Embedded-Microprocessor-SAM9G45_Datasheet.pdf

USART doc starting p572, registers p621.

-- 
Alexandre Belloni, Bootlin
Embedded Linux and Kernel engineering
https://bootlin.com



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