[PATCH v3 1/2] mtd: spi-nor: add support to non-uniform SFDP SPI NOR flash memories

Tudor Ambarus tudor.ambarus at microchip.com
Tue Sep 11 08:40:06 PDT 2018


Based on Cyrille Pitchen's patch https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/3/22/935.

This patch is a transitional patch in introducing  the support of
SFDP SPI memories with non-uniform erase sizes like Spansion s25fs512s.
Non-uniform erase maps will be used later when initialized based on the
SFDP data.

Introduce the memory erase map which splits the memory array into one
or many erase regions. Each erase region supports up to 4 erase types,
as defined by the JEDEC JESD216B (SFDP) specification.

To be backward compatible, the erase map of uniform SPI NOR flash memories
is initialized so it contains only one erase region and this erase region
supports only one erase command. Hence a single size is used to erase any
sector/block of the memory.

Besides, since the algorithm used to erase sectors on non-uniform SPI NOR
flash memories is quite expensive, when possible, the erase map is tuned
to come back to the uniform case.

The 'erase with the best command, move forward and repeat' approach was
suggested by Cristian Birsan in a brainstorm session, so:

Suggested-by: Cristian Birsan <cristian.birsan at microchip.com>
Signed-off-by: Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus at microchip.com>
---
 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c | 594 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h   | 107 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 659 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
index dc8757e..4687345 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
 #include <linux/math64.h>
 #include <linux/sizes.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/sort.h>
 
 #include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
 #include <linux/of_platform.h>
@@ -261,6 +262,18 @@ static void spi_nor_set_4byte_opcodes(struct spi_nor *nor,
 	nor->read_opcode = spi_nor_convert_3to4_read(nor->read_opcode);
 	nor->program_opcode = spi_nor_convert_3to4_program(nor->program_opcode);
 	nor->erase_opcode = spi_nor_convert_3to4_erase(nor->erase_opcode);
+
+	if (!spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(nor)) {
+		struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->erase_map;
+		struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase;
+		int i;
+
+		for (i = 0; i < SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX; i++) {
+			erase = &map->erase_type[i];
+			erase->opcode =
+				spi_nor_convert_3to4_erase(erase->opcode);
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 /* Enable/disable 4-byte addressing mode. */
@@ -499,6 +512,275 @@ static int spi_nor_erase_sector(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 addr)
 }
 
 /*
+ * spi_nor_div_by_erase_size() - calculate remainder and update new dividend
+ * @erase:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase type
+ * @dividend:	dividend value
+ * @remainder:	pointer to u32 remainder (will be updated)
+ *
+ * Returns two values: remainder and the new dividend
+ */
+static u64 spi_nor_div_by_erase_size(const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase,
+				     u64 dividend, u32 *remainder)
+{
+	/* JEDEC JESD216B Standard imposes erase sizes to be power of 2. */
+	*remainder = (u32)dividend & erase->size_mask;
+	return dividend >> erase->size_shift;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_find_best_erase_type() - find the best erase type for the given
+ * offset in the serial flash memory and the number of bytes to erase. The
+ * region in which the address fits is expected to be provided.
+ * @map:	the erase map of the SPI NOR
+ * @region:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase region
+ * @addr:	offset in the serial flash memory
+ * @len:	number of bytes to erase
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to the best fitted erase type, NULL otherwise.
+ */
+static const struct spi_nor_erase_type *
+spi_nor_find_best_erase_type(const struct spi_nor_erase_map *map,
+			     const struct spi_nor_erase_region *region,
+			     u64 addr, u32 len)
+{
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase;
+	u32 rem;
+	int i;
+	u8 erase_mask = region->offset & SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK;
+
+	/*
+	 * Erase types are ordered by size, with the biggest erase type at
+	 * index 0.
+	 */
+	for (i = SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+		/* Does the erase region support the tested erase type? */
+		if (!(erase_mask & BIT(i)))
+			continue;
+
+		erase = &map->erase_type[i];
+
+		/* Don't erase more than what the user has asked for. */
+		if (erase->size > len)
+			continue;
+
+		/* Alignment is not mandatory for overlaid regions */
+		if (region->offset & SNOR_OVERLAID_REGION)
+			return erase;
+
+		spi_nor_div_by_erase_size(erase, addr, &rem);
+		if (rem)
+			continue;
+		else
+			return erase;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_region_next() - get the next spi nor region
+ * @region:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase region
+ *
+ * Returns the next spi nor region or NULL if last region.
+ */
+static struct spi_nor_erase_region *
+spi_nor_region_next(struct spi_nor_erase_region *region)
+{
+	if (spi_nor_region_is_last(region))
+		return NULL;
+	region++;
+	return region;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_find_erase_region() - find the region of the serial flash memory in
+ * which the offset fits
+ * @map:	the erase map of the SPI NOR
+ * @addr:	offset in the serial flash memory
+ *
+ * Returns pointer to the spi_nor_erase_region struct, ERR_PTR(-errno)
+ * otherwise.
+ */
+static struct spi_nor_erase_region *
+spi_nor_find_erase_region(const struct spi_nor_erase_map *map, u64 addr)
+{
+	struct spi_nor_erase_region *region = map->regions;
+	u64 region_start = region->offset & ~SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MASK;
+	u64 region_end = region_start + region->size;
+
+	while (addr < region_start || addr >= region_end) {
+		region = spi_nor_region_next(region);
+		if (!region)
+			return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+		region_start = region->offset & ~SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MASK;
+		region_end = region_start + region->size;
+	}
+
+	return region;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_init_erase_cmd() - initialize an erase command
+ * @region:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase region
+ * @erase:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase type
+ *
+ * Returns the pointer to the allocated erase command, ERR_PTR(-errno)
+ * otherwise.
+ */
+static struct spi_nor_erase_command *
+spi_nor_init_erase_cmd(const struct spi_nor_erase_region *region,
+		       const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase)
+{
+	struct spi_nor_erase_command *cmd;
+
+	cmd = kmalloc(sizeof(*cmd), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!cmd)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cmd->list);
+	cmd->opcode = erase->opcode;
+	cmd->count = 1;
+
+	if (region->offset & SNOR_OVERLAID_REGION)
+		cmd->size = region->size;
+	else
+		cmd->size = erase->size;
+
+	return cmd;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_destroy_erase_cmd_list() - destroy erase command list
+ * @erase_list:	list of erase commands
+ */
+static void spi_nor_destroy_erase_cmd_list(struct list_head *erase_list)
+{
+	struct spi_nor_erase_command *cmd, *next;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(cmd, next, erase_list, list) {
+		list_del(&cmd->list);
+		kfree(cmd);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_init_erase_cmd_list() - initialize erase command list
+ * @nor:	pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
+ * @erase_list:	list of erase commands to be executed once we validate that the
+ *		erase can be performed
+ * @addr:	offset in the serial flash memory
+ * @len:	number of bytes to erase
+ *
+ * Builds the list of best fitted erase commands and verifies if the erase can
+ * be performed.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, -errno otherwise.
+ */
+static int spi_nor_init_erase_cmd_list(struct spi_nor *nor,
+				       struct list_head *erase_list,
+				       u64 addr, u32 len)
+{
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->erase_map;
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase, *prev_erase = NULL;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_region *region;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_command *cmd = NULL;
+	u64 region_end;
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	region = spi_nor_find_erase_region(map, addr);
+	if (IS_ERR(region))
+		return PTR_ERR(region);
+
+	region_end = spi_nor_region_end(region);
+
+	while (len) {
+		erase = spi_nor_find_best_erase_type(map, region, addr, len);
+		if (!erase)
+			goto destroy_erase_cmd_list;
+
+		if (prev_erase != erase ||
+		    region->offset & SNOR_OVERLAID_REGION) {
+			cmd = spi_nor_init_erase_cmd(region, erase);
+			if (IS_ERR(cmd)) {
+				ret = PTR_ERR(cmd);
+				goto destroy_erase_cmd_list;
+			}
+
+			list_add_tail(&cmd->list, erase_list);
+		} else {
+			cmd->count++;
+		}
+
+		addr += cmd->size;
+		len -= cmd->size;
+
+		if (len && addr >= region_end) {
+			region = spi_nor_region_next(region);
+			if (!region)
+				goto destroy_erase_cmd_list;
+			region_end = spi_nor_region_end(region);
+		}
+
+		prev_erase = erase;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+destroy_erase_cmd_list:
+	spi_nor_destroy_erase_cmd_list(erase_list);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_erase_multi_sectors() - perform a non-uniform erase
+ * @nor:	pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
+ * @addr:	offset in the serial flash memory
+ * @len:	number of bytes to erase
+ *
+ * Build a list of best fitted erase commands and execute it once we
+ * validate that the erase can be performed.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, -errno otherwise.
+ */
+static int spi_nor_erase_multi_sectors(struct spi_nor *nor, u64 addr, u32 len)
+{
+	LIST_HEAD(erase_list);
+	struct spi_nor_erase_command *cmd, *next;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = spi_nor_init_erase_cmd_list(nor, &erase_list, addr, len);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(cmd, next, &erase_list, list) {
+		nor->erase_opcode = cmd->opcode;
+		while (cmd->count) {
+			write_enable(nor);
+
+			ret = spi_nor_erase_sector(nor, addr);
+			if (ret)
+				goto destroy_erase_cmd_list;
+
+			addr += cmd->size;
+			cmd->count--;
+
+			ret = spi_nor_wait_till_ready(nor);
+			if (ret)
+				goto destroy_erase_cmd_list;
+		}
+		list_del(&cmd->list);
+		kfree(cmd);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+destroy_erase_cmd_list:
+	spi_nor_destroy_erase_cmd_list(&erase_list);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
  * Erase an address range on the nor chip.  The address range may extend
  * one or more erase sectors.  Return an error is there is a problem erasing.
  */
@@ -512,9 +794,11 @@ static int spi_nor_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
 	dev_dbg(nor->dev, "at 0x%llx, len %lld\n", (long long)instr->addr,
 			(long long)instr->len);
 
-	div_u64_rem(instr->len, mtd->erasesize, &rem);
-	if (rem)
-		return -EINVAL;
+	if (spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(nor)) {
+		div_u64_rem(instr->len, mtd->erasesize, &rem);
+		if (rem)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
 
 	addr = instr->addr;
 	len = instr->len;
@@ -553,7 +837,7 @@ static int spi_nor_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
 	 */
 
 	/* "sector"-at-a-time erase */
-	} else {
+	} else if (spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(nor)) {
 		while (len) {
 			write_enable(nor);
 
@@ -568,6 +852,12 @@ static int spi_nor_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
 			if (ret)
 				goto erase_err;
 		}
+
+	/* erase multiple sectors */
+	} else {
+		ret = spi_nor_erase_multi_sectors(nor, addr, len);
+		if (ret)
+			goto erase_err;
 	}
 
 	write_disable(nor);
@@ -2190,6 +2480,113 @@ static const struct sfdp_bfpt_erase sfdp_bfpt_erases[] = {
 
 static int spi_nor_hwcaps_read2cmd(u32 hwcaps);
 
+/*
+ * spi_nor_set_erase_type() - set a SPI NOR erase type
+ * @erase:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase type
+ * @size:	the size of the sector/block erased by the erase type
+ * @opcode:	the SPI command op code to erase the sector/block
+ */
+static void spi_nor_set_erase_type(struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase,
+				   u32 size, u8 opcode)
+{
+	erase->size = size;
+	erase->opcode = opcode;
+	/* JEDEC JESD216B Standard imposes erase sizes to be power of 2. */
+	erase->size_shift = ffs(erase->size) - 1;
+	erase->size_mask = (1 << erase->size_shift) - 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_set_erase_settings_from_bfpt() - set erase type settings from BFPT
+ * @erase:	pointer to a structure that describes a SPI NOR erase type
+ * @size:	the size of the sector/block erased by the erase type
+ * @opcode:	the SPI command op code to erase the sector/block
+ * @i:		erase type index as sorted in the Basic Flash Parameter Table
+ *
+ * The supported Erase Types will be sorted at init in ascending order, with
+ * the smallest Erase Type size being the first member in the erase_type array
+ * of the spi_nor_erase_map structure. Save the Erase Type index as sorted in
+ * the Basic Flash Parameter Table since it will be used later on to
+ * synchronize with the supported Erase Types defined in SFDP optional tables.
+ */
+static void
+spi_nor_set_erase_settings_from_bfpt(struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase,
+				     u32 size, u8 opcode, u8 i)
+{
+	erase->idx = i;
+	spi_nor_set_erase_type(erase, size, opcode);
+}
+
+/* spi_nor_map_cmp_erase_type() - compare the map's erase types by size
+ * @l:	member in the left half of the map's erase_type array
+ * @r:	member in the right half of the map's erase_type array
+ *
+ * Comparison function used in the sort() call to sort in ascending order the
+ * map's erase types, the smallest erase type size being the first member in the
+ * sorted erase_type array.
+ */
+static int spi_nor_map_cmp_erase_type(const void *l, const void *r)
+{
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *left = l, *right = r;
+
+	return left->size - right->size;
+}
+
+/*
+ * spi_nor_regions_sort_erase_types() - sort erase types in each region
+ * @map:	the erase map of the SPI NOR
+ *
+ * Function assumes that the erase types defined in the erase map are already
+ * sorted in ascending order, with the smallest erase type size being the first
+ * member in the erase_type array. It replicates the sort done for the map's
+ * erase types. Each region's erase bitmask will indicate which erase types are
+ * supported from the sorted erase types defined in the erase map.
+ * Sort the all region's erase type at init in order to speed up the process of
+ * finding the best erase command at runtime.
+ */
+static void spi_nor_regions_sort_erase_types(struct spi_nor_erase_map *map)
+{
+	struct spi_nor_erase_region *region = map->regions;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase_type = map->erase_type;
+	int i;
+	u8 region_erase_mask, sorted_erase_mask;
+
+	while (region) {
+		region_erase_mask = region->offset & SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK;
+
+		/* Replicate the sort done for the map's erase types. */
+		sorted_erase_mask = 0;
+		for (i = 0; i < SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX; i++)
+			if (erase_type[i].size &&
+			    region_erase_mask & BIT(erase_type[i].idx))
+				sorted_erase_mask |= BIT(i);
+
+		/* Overwrite erase mask. */
+		region->offset = (region->offset & ~SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK) |
+				 sorted_erase_mask;
+
+		region = spi_nor_region_next(region);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ *spi_nor_init_uniform_erase_map() - Initialize uniform erase map
+ * @map:		the erase map of the SPI NOR
+ * @erase_mask:		bitmask encoding erase types that can erase the entire
+ *			flash memory
+ * @flash_size:		the spi nor flash memory size
+ */
+static void spi_nor_init_uniform_erase_map(struct spi_nor_erase_map *map,
+					   u8 erase_mask, u64 flash_size)
+{
+	/* Offset 0 with erase_mask and SNOR_LAST_REGION bit set */
+	map->uniform_region.offset = (erase_mask & SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK) |
+				     SNOR_LAST_REGION;
+	map->uniform_region.size = flash_size;
+	map->regions = &map->uniform_region;
+	map->uniform_erase_type = erase_mask;
+}
+
 /**
  * spi_nor_parse_bfpt() - read and parse the Basic Flash Parameter Table.
  * @nor:		pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
@@ -2224,12 +2621,14 @@ static int spi_nor_parse_bfpt(struct spi_nor *nor,
 			      const struct sfdp_parameter_header *bfpt_header,
 			      struct spi_nor_flash_parameter *params)
 {
-	struct mtd_info *mtd = &nor->mtd;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->erase_map;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase_type = map->erase_type;
 	struct sfdp_bfpt bfpt;
 	size_t len;
 	int i, cmd, err;
 	u32 addr;
 	u16 half;
+	u8 erase_mask;
 
 	/* JESD216 Basic Flash Parameter Table length is at least 9 DWORDs. */
 	if (bfpt_header->length < BFPT_DWORD_MAX_JESD216)
@@ -2298,7 +2697,12 @@ static int spi_nor_parse_bfpt(struct spi_nor *nor,
 		spi_nor_set_read_settings_from_bfpt(read, half, rd->proto);
 	}
 
-	/* Sector Erase settings. */
+	/*
+	 * Sector Erase settings. Reinitialize the uniform erase map using the
+	 * Erase Types defined in the bfpt table.
+	 */
+	erase_mask = 0;
+	memset(&nor->erase_map, 0, sizeof(nor->erase_map));
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(sfdp_bfpt_erases); i++) {
 		const struct sfdp_bfpt_erase *er = &sfdp_bfpt_erases[i];
 		u32 erasesize;
@@ -2313,18 +2717,25 @@ static int spi_nor_parse_bfpt(struct spi_nor *nor,
 
 		erasesize = 1U << erasesize;
 		opcode = (half >> 8) & 0xff;
-#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS
-		if (erasesize == SZ_4K) {
-			nor->erase_opcode = opcode;
-			mtd->erasesize = erasesize;
-			break;
-		}
-#endif
-		if (!mtd->erasesize || mtd->erasesize < erasesize) {
-			nor->erase_opcode = opcode;
-			mtd->erasesize = erasesize;
-		}
+		erase_mask |= BIT(i);
+		spi_nor_set_erase_settings_from_bfpt(&erase_type[i], erasesize,
+						     opcode, i);
 	}
+	spi_nor_init_uniform_erase_map(map, erase_mask, params->size);
+	/*
+	 * Sort all the map's Erase Types in ascending order with the smallest
+	 * erase size being the first member in the erase_type array.
+	 */
+	sort(erase_type, SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX, sizeof(erase_type[0]),
+	     spi_nor_map_cmp_erase_type, NULL);
+	/*
+	 * Sort the erase types in the uniform region in order to update the
+	 * uniform_erase_type bitmask. The bitmask will be used later on when
+	 * selecting the uniform erase.
+	 */
+	spi_nor_regions_sort_erase_types(map);
+	map->uniform_erase_type = map->uniform_region.offset &
+				  SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK;
 
 	/* Stop here if not JESD216 rev A or later. */
 	if (bfpt_header->length < BFPT_DWORD_MAX)
@@ -2480,6 +2891,9 @@ static int spi_nor_init_params(struct spi_nor *nor,
 			       const struct flash_info *info,
 			       struct spi_nor_flash_parameter *params)
 {
+	struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->erase_map;
+	u8 i, erase_mask;
+
 	/* Set legacy flash parameters as default. */
 	memset(params, 0, sizeof(*params));
 
@@ -2519,6 +2933,28 @@ static int spi_nor_init_params(struct spi_nor *nor,
 	spi_nor_set_pp_settings(&params->page_programs[SNOR_CMD_PP],
 				SPINOR_OP_PP, SNOR_PROTO_1_1_1);
 
+	/*
+	 * Sector Erase settings. Sort Erase Types in ascending order, with the
+	 * smallest erase size starting at BIT(0).
+	 */
+	erase_mask = 0;
+	i = 0;
+	if (info->flags & SECT_4K_PMC) {
+		erase_mask |= BIT(i);
+		spi_nor_set_erase_type(&map->erase_type[i], 4096u,
+				       SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_PMC);
+		i++;
+	} else if (info->flags & SECT_4K) {
+		erase_mask |= BIT(i);
+		spi_nor_set_erase_type(&map->erase_type[i], 4096u,
+				       SPINOR_OP_BE_4K);
+		i++;
+	}
+	erase_mask |= BIT(i);
+	spi_nor_set_erase_type(&map->erase_type[i], info->sector_size,
+			       SPINOR_OP_SE);
+	spi_nor_init_uniform_erase_map(map, erase_mask, params->size);
+
 	/* Select the procedure to set the Quad Enable bit. */
 	if (params->hwcaps.mask & (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_QUAD |
 				   SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_QUAD)) {
@@ -2546,20 +2982,20 @@ static int spi_nor_init_params(struct spi_nor *nor,
 			params->quad_enable = info->quad_enable;
 	}
 
-	/* Override the parameters with data read from SFDP tables. */
-	nor->addr_width = 0;
-	nor->mtd.erasesize = 0;
 	if ((info->flags & (SPI_NOR_DUAL_READ | SPI_NOR_QUAD_READ)) &&
 	    !(info->flags & SPI_NOR_SKIP_SFDP)) {
 		struct spi_nor_flash_parameter sfdp_params;
+		struct spi_nor_erase_map prev_map;
 
 		memcpy(&sfdp_params, params, sizeof(sfdp_params));
-		if (spi_nor_parse_sfdp(nor, &sfdp_params)) {
-			nor->addr_width = 0;
-			nor->mtd.erasesize = 0;
-		} else {
+		memcpy(&prev_map, &nor->erase_map, sizeof(prev_map));
+
+		if (spi_nor_parse_sfdp(nor, &sfdp_params))
+			/* restore previous erase map */
+			memcpy(&nor->erase_map, &prev_map,
+			       sizeof(nor->erase_map));
+		else
 			memcpy(params, &sfdp_params, sizeof(*params));
-		}
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -2668,29 +3104,103 @@ static int spi_nor_select_pp(struct spi_nor *nor,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int spi_nor_select_erase(struct spi_nor *nor,
-				const struct flash_info *info)
+/*
+ * spi_nor_select_uniform_erase() - select optimum uniform erase type
+ * @map:		the erase map of the SPI NOR
+ * @wanted_size:	the erase type size to search for. Contains the value of
+ *			info->sector_size or of the "small sector" size in case
+ *			CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS is defined.
+ *
+ * Once the optimum uniform sector erase command is found, disable all the
+ * other.
+ *
+ * Return: pointer to erase type on success, NULL otherwise.
+ */
+static const struct spi_nor_erase_type *
+spi_nor_select_uniform_erase(struct spi_nor_erase_map *map,
+			     const u32 wanted_size)
 {
-	struct mtd_info *mtd = &nor->mtd;
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *tested_erase, *erase = NULL;
+	int i;
+	u8 uniform_erase_type = map->uniform_erase_type;
 
-	/* Do nothing if already configured from SFDP. */
-	if (mtd->erasesize)
-		return 0;
+	for (i = SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+		if (!(uniform_erase_type & BIT(i)))
+			continue;
+
+		tested_erase = &map->erase_type[i];
+
+		/*
+		 * If the current erase size is the one, stop here:
+		 * we have found the right uniform Sector Erase command.
+		 */
+		if (tested_erase->size == wanted_size) {
+			erase = tested_erase;
+			break;
+		}
 
+		/*
+		 * Otherwise, the current erase size is still a valid canditate.
+		 * Select the biggest valid candidate.
+		 */
+		if (!erase && tested_erase->size)
+			erase = tested_erase;
+			/* keep iterating to find the wanted_size */
+	}
+
+	if (!erase)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* Disable all other Sector Erase commands. */
+	map->uniform_erase_type &= ~SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK;
+	map->uniform_erase_type |= BIT(erase - map->erase_type);
+	return erase;
+}
+
+static int spi_nor_select_erase(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 wanted_size)
+{
+	struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->erase_map;
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase = NULL;
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = &nor->mtd;
+	int i;
+
+	/*
+	 * The previous implementation handling Sector Erase commands assumed
+	 * that the SPI flash memory has an uniform layout then used only one
+	 * of the supported erase sizes for all Sector Erase commands.
+	 * So to be backward compatible, the new implementation also tries to
+	 * manage the SPI flash memory as uniform with a single erase sector
+	 * size, when possible.
+	 */
 #ifdef CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS
 	/* prefer "small sector" erase if possible */
-	if (info->flags & SECT_4K) {
-		nor->erase_opcode = SPINOR_OP_BE_4K;
-		mtd->erasesize = 4096;
-	} else if (info->flags & SECT_4K_PMC) {
-		nor->erase_opcode = SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_PMC;
-		mtd->erasesize = 4096;
-	} else
+	wanted_size = 4096u;
 #endif
-	{
-		nor->erase_opcode = SPINOR_OP_SE;
-		mtd->erasesize = info->sector_size;
+
+	if (spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(nor)) {
+		erase = spi_nor_select_uniform_erase(map, wanted_size);
+		if (!erase)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		nor->erase_opcode = erase->opcode;
+		mtd->erasesize = erase->size;
+		return 0;
 	}
+
+	/*
+	 * For non-uniform SPI flash memory, set mtd->erasesize to the
+	 * maximum erase sector size. No need to set nor->erase_opcode.
+	 */
+	for (i = SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+		if (map->erase_type[i].size) {
+			erase = &map->erase_type[i];
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!erase)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mtd->erasesize = erase->size;
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -2737,7 +3247,7 @@ static int spi_nor_setup(struct spi_nor *nor, const struct flash_info *info,
 	}
 
 	/* Select the Sector Erase command. */
-	err = spi_nor_select_erase(nor, info);
+	err = spi_nor_select_erase(nor, info->sector_size);
 	if (err) {
 		dev_err(nor->dev,
 			"can't select erase settings supported by both the SPI controller and memory.\n");
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
index 09a10fd..a873a0b 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
@@ -240,6 +240,94 @@ enum spi_nor_option_flags {
 };
 
 /**
+ * struct spi_nor_erase_type - Structure to describe a SPI NOR erase type
+ * @size:		the size of the sector/block erased by the erase type.
+ *			JEDEC JESD216B imposes erase sizes to be a power of 2.
+ * @size_shift:		@size is a power of 2, the shift is stored in
+ *			@size_shift.
+ * @size_mask:		the size mask based on @size_shift.
+ * @opcode:		the SPI command op code to erase the sector/block.
+ * @idx:		Erase Type index as sorted in the Basic Flash Parameter
+ *			Table. It will be used to synchronize the supported
+ *			Erase Types with the ones identified in the SFDP
+ *			optional tables.
+ */
+struct spi_nor_erase_type {
+	u32	size;
+	u32	size_shift;
+	u32	size_mask;
+	u8	opcode;
+	u8	idx;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct spi_nor_erase_command - Used for non-uniform erases
+ * The structure is used to describe a list of erase commands to be executed
+ * once we validate that the erase can be performed. The elements in the list
+ * are run-length encoded.
+ * @list:		for inclusion into the list of erase commands.
+ * @count:		how many times the same erase command should be
+ *			consecutively used.
+ * @size:		the size of the sector/block erased by the command.
+ * @opcode:		the SPI command op code to erase the sector/block.
+ */
+struct spi_nor_erase_command {
+	struct list_head	list;
+	u32			count;
+	u32			size;
+	u8			opcode;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct spi_nor_erase_region - Structure to describe a SPI NOR erase region
+ * @offset:		the offset in the data array of erase region start.
+ *			LSB bits are used as a bitmask encoding flags to
+ *			determine if this region is overlaid, if this region is
+ *			the last in the SPI NOR flash memory and to indicate
+ *			all the supported erase commands inside this region.
+ *			The erase types are sorted in ascending order with the
+ *			smallest Erase Type size being at BIT(0).
+ * @size:		the size of the region in bytes.
+ */
+struct spi_nor_erase_region {
+	u64		offset;
+	u64		size;
+};
+
+#define SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX	4
+#define SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MASK	GENMASK_ULL(SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX - 1, 0)
+
+#define SNOR_LAST_REGION	BIT(4)
+#define SNOR_OVERLAID_REGION	BIT(5)
+
+#define SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MAX	6
+#define SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MASK	GENMASK_ULL(SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MAX - 1, 0)
+
+/**
+ * struct spi_nor_erase_map - Structure to describe the SPI NOR erase map
+ * @regions:		array of erase regions. The regions are consecutive in
+ *			address space. Walking through the regions is done
+ *			incrementally.
+ * @uniform_region:	a pre-allocated erase region for SPI NOR with a uniform
+ *			sector size (legacy implementation).
+ * @erase_type:		an array of erase types shared by all the regions.
+ *			The erase types are sorted in ascending order, with the
+ *			smallest Erase Type size being the first member in the
+ *			erase_type array.
+ * @uniform_erase_type:	bitmask encoding erase types that can erase the
+ *			entire memory. This member is completed at init by
+ *			uniform and non-uniform SPI NOR flash memories if they
+ *			support at least one erase type that can erase the
+ *			entire memory.
+ */
+struct spi_nor_erase_map {
+	struct spi_nor_erase_region	*regions;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_region	uniform_region;
+	struct spi_nor_erase_type	erase_type[SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX];
+	u8				uniform_erase_type;
+};
+
+/**
  * struct flash_info - Forward declaration of a structure used internally by
  *		       spi_nor_scan()
  */
@@ -263,6 +351,7 @@ struct flash_info;
  * @write_proto:	the SPI protocol for write operations
  * @reg_proto		the SPI protocol for read_reg/write_reg/erase operations
  * @cmd_buf:		used by the write_reg
+ * @erase_map:		the erase map of the SPI NOR
  * @prepare:		[OPTIONAL] do some preparations for the
  *			read/write/erase/lock/unlock operations
  * @unprepare:		[OPTIONAL] do some post work after the
@@ -298,6 +387,7 @@ struct spi_nor {
 	bool			sst_write_second;
 	u32			flags;
 	u8			cmd_buf[SPI_NOR_MAX_CMD_SIZE];
+	struct spi_nor_erase_map	erase_map;
 
 	int (*prepare)(struct spi_nor *nor, enum spi_nor_ops ops);
 	void (*unprepare)(struct spi_nor *nor, enum spi_nor_ops ops);
@@ -318,6 +408,23 @@ struct spi_nor {
 	void *priv;
 };
 
+static u64 __maybe_unused
+spi_nor_region_is_last(const struct spi_nor_erase_region *region)
+{
+	return region->offset & SNOR_LAST_REGION;
+}
+
+static u64 __maybe_unused
+spi_nor_region_end(const struct spi_nor_erase_region *region)
+{
+	return (region->offset & ~SNOR_ERASE_FLAGS_MASK) + region->size;
+}
+
+static bool __maybe_unused spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(const struct spi_nor *nor)
+{
+	return !!nor->erase_map.uniform_erase_type;
+}
+
 static inline void spi_nor_set_flash_node(struct spi_nor *nor,
 					  struct device_node *np)
 {
-- 
2.9.4




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