[PATCH v2 01/40] iommu: Introduce Shared Virtual Addressing API

Auger Eric eric.auger at redhat.com
Wed Sep 5 04:29:10 PDT 2018


Hi Jean-Philippe,
On 05/11/2018 09:06 PM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) provides a way for device drivers to bind
> process address spaces to devices. This requires the IOMMU to support page
> table format and features compatible with the CPUs, and usually requires
> the system to support I/O Page Faults (IOPF) and Process Address Space ID
> (PASID). When all of these are available, DMA can access virtual addresses
> of a process. A PASID is allocated for each process, and the device driver
> programs it into the device in an implementation-specific way.
> 
> Add a new API for sharing process page tables with devices. Introduce two
> IOMMU operations, sva_device_init() and sva_device_shutdown(), that
> prepare the IOMMU driver for SVA. For example allocate PASID tables and
> fault queues. Subsequent patches will implement the bind() and unbind()
> operations.
> 
> Support for I/O Page Faults will be added in a later patch using a new
> feature bit (IOMMU_SVA_FEAT_IOPF). With the current API users must pin
> down all shared mappings. Other feature bits that may be added in the
> future are IOMMU_SVA_FEAT_PRIVATE, to support private PASID address
> spaces, and IOMMU_SVA_FEAT_NO_PASID, to bind the whole device address
> space to a process.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker at arm.com>
> 
> ---
> v1->v2:
> * Add sva_param structure to iommu_param
> * CONFIG option is only selectable by IOMMU drivers
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/Kconfig     |   4 ++
>  drivers/iommu/Makefile    |   1 +
>  drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c | 110 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/iommu.h     |  32 +++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 147 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 7564237f788d..cca8e06903c7 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -74,6 +74,10 @@ config IOMMU_DMA
>  	select IOMMU_IOVA
>  	select NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH
>  
> +config IOMMU_SVA
> +	bool
> +	select IOMMU_API
> +
>  config FSL_PAMU
>  	bool "Freescale IOMMU support"
>  	depends on PCI
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> index 1fb695854809..1dbcc89ebe4c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-traces.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-sysfs.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA) += dma-iommu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA) += iommu-sva.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE) += io-pgtable.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S) += io-pgtable-arm-v7s.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE) += io-pgtable-arm.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8b4afb7c63ae
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Manage PASIDs and bind process address spaces to devices.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 ARM Ltd.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_sva_device_init() - Initialize Shared Virtual Addressing for a device
> + * @dev: the device
> + * @features: bitmask of features that need to be initialized
> + * @max_pasid: max PASID value supported by the device
> + *
> + * Users of the bind()/unbind() API must call this function to initialize all
> + * features required for SVA.
> + *
> + * The device must support multiple address spaces (e.g. PCI PASID). By default
> + * the PASID allocated during bind() is limited by the IOMMU capacity, and by
> + * the device PASID width defined in the PCI capability or in the firmware
> + * description. Setting @max_pasid to a non-zero value smaller than this limit
> + * overrides it.
> + *
> + * The device should not be performing any DMA while this function is running,
> + * otherwise the behavior is undefined.
> + *
> + * Return 0 if initialization succeeded, or an error.
> + */
> +int iommu_sva_device_init(struct device *dev, unsigned long features,
> +			  unsigned int max_pasid)
what about min_pasid?
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct iommu_sva_param *param;
> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
> +
> +	if (!domain || !domain->ops->sva_device_init)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	if (features)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	param = kzalloc(sizeof(*param), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!param)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	param->features		= features;
> +	param->max_pasid	= max_pasid;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * IOMMU driver updates the limits depending on the IOMMU and device
> +	 * capabilities.
> +	 */
> +	ret = domain->ops->sva_device_init(dev, param);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_free_param;
So you are likely to call sva_device_init even if it was already called
(ie. dev->iommu_param->sva_param is already set). Can't you test whether
dev->iommu_param->sva_param is already set first?
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&dev->iommu_param->lock);
> +	if (dev->iommu_param->sva_param)
> +		ret = -EEXIST;
> +	else
> +		dev->iommu_param->sva_param = param;
> +	mutex_unlock(&dev->iommu_param->lock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_device_shutdown;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_device_shutdown:
> +	if (domain->ops->sva_device_shutdown)
> +		domain->ops->sva_device_shutdown(dev, param);
> +
> +err_free_param:
> +	kfree(param);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_device_init);
> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_sva_device_shutdown() - Shutdown Shared Virtual Addressing for a device
> + * @dev: the device
> + *
> + * Disable SVA. Device driver should ensure that the device isn't performing any
> + * DMA while this function is running.
> + */
> +int iommu_sva_device_shutdown(struct device *dev)
Not sure the returned value is required for a shutdown operation.
> +{
> +	struct iommu_sva_param *param;
> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
> +
> +	if (!domain)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&dev->iommu_param->lock);
> +	param = dev->iommu_param->sva_param;
> +	dev->iommu_param->sva_param = NULL;
> +	mutex_unlock(&dev->iommu_param->lock);
> +	if (!param)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	if (domain->ops->sva_device_shutdown)
> +		domain->ops->sva_device_shutdown(dev, param);
> +
> +	kfree(param);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_device_shutdown);
> diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
> index 0933f726d2e6..2efe7738bedb 100644
> --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
> +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
> @@ -212,6 +212,12 @@ struct page_response_msg {
>  	u64 private_data;
>  };
>  
> +struct iommu_sva_param {
What are the feature values?
> +	unsigned long features;
> +	unsigned int min_pasid;
> +	unsigned int max_pasid;
> +};
> +
>  /**
>   * struct iommu_ops - iommu ops and capabilities
>   * @capable: check capability
> @@ -219,6 +225,8 @@ struct page_response_msg {
>   * @domain_free: free iommu domain
>   * @attach_dev: attach device to an iommu domain
>   * @detach_dev: detach device from an iommu domain
> + * @sva_device_init: initialize Shared Virtual Adressing for a device
Addressing
> + * @sva_device_shutdown: shutdown Shared Virtual Adressing for a device
Addressing
>   * @map: map a physically contiguous memory region to an iommu domain
>   * @unmap: unmap a physically contiguous memory region from an iommu domain
>   * @map_sg: map a scatter-gather list of physically contiguous memory chunks
> @@ -256,6 +264,10 @@ struct iommu_ops {
>  
>  	int (*attach_dev)(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev);
>  	void (*detach_dev)(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev);
> +	int (*sva_device_init)(struct device *dev,
> +			       struct iommu_sva_param *param);
> +	void (*sva_device_shutdown)(struct device *dev,
> +				    struct iommu_sva_param *param);
>  	int (*map)(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
>  		   phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int prot);
>  	size_t (*unmap)(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> @@ -413,6 +425,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
>   * struct iommu_param - collection of per-device IOMMU data
>   *
>   * @fault_param: IOMMU detected device fault reporting data
> + * @sva_param: SVA parameters
>   *
>   * TODO: migrate other per device data pointers under iommu_dev_data, e.g.
>   *	struct iommu_group	*iommu_group;
> @@ -421,6 +434,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
>  struct iommu_param {
>  	struct mutex lock;
>  	struct iommu_fault_param *fault_param;
> +	struct iommu_sva_param *sva_param;
>  };
>  
>  int  iommu_device_register(struct iommu_device *iommu);
> @@ -920,4 +934,22 @@ static inline int iommu_sva_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>  
>  #endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA
> +extern int iommu_sva_device_init(struct device *dev, unsigned long features,
> +				 unsigned int max_pasid);
> +extern int iommu_sva_device_shutdown(struct device *dev);
> +#else /* CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA */
> +static inline int iommu_sva_device_init(struct device *dev,
> +					unsigned long features,
> +					unsigned int max_pasid)
> +{
> +	return -ENODEV;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int iommu_sva_device_shutdown(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	return -ENODEV;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA */
> +
>  #endif /* __LINUX_IOMMU_H */
> 

Thanks

Eric



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