[PATCH 06/12] pinctrl: samsung: Add missing initconst annotation

Krzysztof Kozlowski krzk at kernel.org
Mon Jan 16 22:34:03 PST 2017

On Tue, Jan 17, 2017 at 6:44 AM, Tomasz Figa <tomasz.figa at gmail.com> wrote:
> 2017-01-17 4:14 GMT+09:00 Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzk at kernel.org>:
>> On Mon, Jan 16, 2017 at 07:45:01AM +0100, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
>>> Exynos5433 support has been added in parallel to adding initconst
>>> annotation to most of the init data structures, so add those
>>> annotations also to Exynos5433 structures.
>>> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski at samsung.com>
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/pinctrl/samsung/pinctrl-exynos.c | 22 +++++++++++-----------
>>>  1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>> diff --git a/drivers/pinctrl/samsung/pinctrl-exynos.c b/drivers/pinctrl/samsung/pinctrl-exynos.c
>>> index bf753a596209..70b94ad10cc1 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/pinctrl/samsung/pinctrl-exynos.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/pinctrl/samsung/pinctrl-exynos.c
>>> @@ -1266,7 +1266,7 @@ static void exynos_pinctrl_resume(struct samsung_pinctrl_drv_data *drvdata)
>>>  };
>>>  /* pin banks of exynos5433 pin-controller - ALIVE */
>>> -static const struct samsung_pin_bank_data exynos5433_pin_banks0[] = {
>>> +static const struct samsung_pin_bank_data exynos5433_pin_banks0[] __initconst = {
>>>       EXYNOS5433_PIN_BANK_EINTW(8, 0x000, "gpa0", 0x00),
>>>       EXYNOS5433_PIN_BANK_EINTW(8, 0x020, "gpa1", 0x04),
>>>       EXYNOS5433_PIN_BANK_EINTW(8, 0x040, "gpa2", 0x08),
>>> @@ -1279,28 +1279,28 @@ static void exynos_pinctrl_resume(struct samsung_pinctrl_drv_data *drvdata)
>>>  };
>> Your change is aligned with existing code... but after I started to look
>> into it I think this should not be initconst.
>> The pin_banks (initconst) are referenced in pin_ctrl (initconst) which
>> is referenced in samsung_pinctrl_dt_match (NOT initconst). The dt_match
>> then is used in samsung_pinctrl_driver (for obvious reasons not
>> initconst).
>> We suppress the bind so this looks safe - this data should not be ever used
>> after init - but it is not correct strictly speaking.
>> Let's imagine some weird future platform which will use DT overlays with
>> pinctrl. I think the overlays could affect the tree after the init
>> stage.
> I think it's not very realistic to have a Samsung on-SoC pin
> controller in an overlay. AFAIR we already assume in several places
> that this driver fully initializes in init stage, so we can save some
> memory by discarding this data

Two things here. Either we write proper code or we write code for
"believe it will work". There is a problem with second approach -
after some time, the driver will be developed further it your
assumptions might change... then stuff might get broken because no one
expected that driver data is discarded. Code working only with some
assumptions is a more difficult to maintain than code which is

In the same time if you believe your code is "correct" then just mark
samsung_pinctrl_dt_match initconst... Marking only few parts in the
chain is broken.

Second thing. How much memory you are saving? 5 kB in total? 10 kB? Is
it worth the risk?

> Still, I guess we could add some measure to make sure nothing attempts
> to probe this driver after the data is discarded.

That could work... but last time I asked for checking the return value
of match_data then you (I think) and Bartlomiej responded "no sense".
So please be consistent. Anyway it is not possible to NULL-ify the
match_data after first probe because samsung_pinctrl_dt_match is
const. This means you would have to add some crazy logic to check for
late (from overlays) or second probe and discard it... just because we
wanted to save some memory and marked initconst something referenced
from non-initconst section.

Best regards,

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