NVMe vs DMA addressing limitations

Arnd Bergmann arnd at linaro.org
Tue Jan 10 02:54:26 PST 2017

On Tuesday, January 10, 2017 8:07:20 AM CET Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 10, 2017 at 09:47:21AM +0300, Nikita Yushchenko wrote:
> > I'm now working with HW that:
> > - is now way "low end" or "obsolete", it has 4G of RAM and 8 CPU cores,
> > and is being manufactured and developed,
> > - has 75% of it's RAM located beyond first 4G of address space,
> > - can't physically handle incoming PCIe transactions addressed to memory
> > beyond 4G.
> It might not be low end or obselete, but it's absolutely braindead.
> Your I/O performance will suffer badly for the life of the platform
> because someone tries to save 2 cents, and there is not much we can do
> about it.

Unfortunately it is a common problem for arm64 chips that were designed
by taking a 32-bit SoC and replacing the CPU core. The swiotlb is the
right workaround for this, and I think we all agree that we should
just make it work correctly.


More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list