[PATCH v5 1/4] printk/nmi: generic solution for safe printk in NMI

Petr Mladek pmladek at suse.com
Thu Apr 27 11:28:07 EDT 2017

On Thu 2017-04-27 10:31:18, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Thu, 27 Apr 2017 15:38:19 +0200
> Petr Mladek <pmladek at suse.com> wrote:
> > > by the way,
> > > does this `nmi_print_seq' bypass even fix anything for Steven?  
> > 
> > I think that this is the most important question.
> > 
> > Steven, does the patch from
> > https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170420131154.GL3452@pathway.suse.cz
> > help you to see the debug messages, please?
> You'll have to wait for a bit. The box that I was debugging takes 45
> minutes to reboot. And I don't have much more time to play on it before
> I have to give it back. I already found the bug I was looking for and
> I'm trying not to crash it again (due to the huge bring up time).

I see.

> When I get a chance, I'll see if I can insert a trigger to crash the
> kernel from NMI on another box and see if this patch helps.

I actually tested it here using this hack:

diff --cc lib/nmi_backtrace.c
index d531f85c0c9b,0bc0a3535a8a..000000000000
--- a/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
+++ b/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
@@@ -89,8 -90,7 +90,9 @@@ bool nmi_cpu_backtrace(struct pt_regs *
        int cpu = smp_processor_id();
        if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
 +              if (in_nmi())
 +                      panic("Simulating panic in NMI\n");
+               arch_spin_lock(&lock);
                if (regs && cpu_in_idle(instruction_pointer(regs))) {
                        pr_warn("NMI backtrace for cpu %d skipped: idling at pc %#lx\n",
                                cpu, instruction_pointer(regs));

and triggered by:

   echo  l > /proc/sysrq-trigger

The patch really helped to see much more (all) messages from the ftrace
buffers in NMI mode.

But the test is a bit artifical. The patch might not help when there
is a big printk() activity on the system when the panic() is
triggered. We might wrongly use the small per-CPU buffer when
the logbuf_lock is tested and taken on another CPU at the same time.
It means that it will not always help.

I personally think that the patch might be good enough. I am not sure
if a perfect (more comlpex) solution is worth it.

Best Regards,

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