[PATCH v3 5/7] ARM: NOMMU: Introduce dma operations for noMMU

Arnd Bergmann arnd at arndb.de
Wed Apr 19 03:10:58 PDT 2017

On Fri, Mar 10, 2017 at 10:23 AM, Vladimir Murzin
<vladimir.murzin at arm.com> wrote:
> R/M classes of cpus can have memory covered by MPU which in turn might
> configure RAM as Normal i.e. bufferable and cacheable. It breaks
> dma_alloc_coherent() and friends, since data can stuck in caches now
> or be buffered.
> This patch factors out DMA support for NOMMU configuration into
> separate entity which provides dedicated dma_ops. We have to handle
> there several cases:
> - configurations with MMU/MPU setup
> - configurations without MMU/MPU setup
> - special case for M-class, since caches and MPU there are optional
> In general we rely on default DMA area for coherent allocations or/and
> per-device memory reserves suitable for coherent DMA, so if such
> regions are set coherent allocations go from there.
> In case MPU/MPU was not setup we fallback to normal page allocator for
> DMA memory allocation.
> In case we run M-class cpus, for configuration without cache support
> (like Cortex-M3/M4) dma operations are forced to be coherent and wired
> with dma-noop (such decision is made based on cacheid global
> variable); however, if caches are detected there and no DMA coherent
> region is given (either default or per-device), dma is disallowed even
> MPU is not set - it is because M-class implement system memory map
> which defines part of address space as Normal memory.
> Reported-by: Alexandre Torgue <alexandre.torgue at st.com>
> Reported-by: Andras Szemzo <sza at esh.hu>
> Tested-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard at linaro.org>
> Tested-by: Andras Szemzo <sza at esh.hu>
> Tested-by: Alexandre TORGUE <alexandre.torgue at st.com>
> Reviewed-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy at arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Vladimir Murzin <vladimir.murzin at arm.com>

I thought I found a couple of problems with this, but after reading more
carefully I was wrong about all of them and I think the code is doing
exactly the right thing. I also like the way this is split out into a separate
set of dma_map_ops to simplify the normal MMU case.

Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>

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