[PATCH] arm64: kaslr: fix ARM64_MODULE_PLTS dependency

Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel at linaro.org
Mon Apr 10 05:12:53 EDT 2017

On 10 April 2017 at 02:52, Li Bin <huawei.libin at huawei.com> wrote:
> There is a bug that when RANDOMIZE_BASE enabled and
> RANDOMIZE_MODULE_REGION_FULL disabled, and assume that there are
> many modules, and module space is not enabled, module_alloc code
> now will alloc space in vmalloc space, and the patch
> "fe88a4 arm64: kaslr: keep modules close to the kernel when
> DYNAMIC_FTRACE=y" will be invalid.

I guess you are alluding to the fact that this code [paraphrased]

p = __vmalloc_node_range(size, MODULE_ALIGN, module_alloc_base,
            module_alloc_base + MODULES_VSIZE,
            NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0));

        p = __vmalloc_node_range(size, MODULE_ALIGN, VMALLOC_START,
                    NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0));

will attempt to allocate from the vmalloc region when the module
region is exhausted.

I think this is an ftrace problem, not a kaslr problem. The ftrace
code cannot deal with modules being far away from the kernel, which
means it is incompatible with module PLTs, and our Kconfig description
does not accurately describe that.

So the correct way to fix this is to make CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_PLTS and
DYNAMIC_FTRACE mutually exclusive in Kconfig. Given the existing KASLR
dependency on module PLTs, this would make DYNAMIC_FTRACE mutually
exclusive with KASLR, and I am not sure whether that is worth it. With
CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MODULE_REGION_FULL disabled, it is highly unlikely
that modules end up too far away from the kernel, and even if an
ftrace splat should be avoided if we can, it doesn't really interfere
with anything except ftrace functionality itself.

> In fact, we only need plt when RANDOMIZE_MODULE_REGION_FULL enabled,
> so fix the dependency, that only RANDOMIZE_MODULE_REGION_FULL select

This is incorrect. Without KASLR, the module space is allocated from a
dedicated region, which means we are guaranteed to have 128 MB of
space available. With KASLR, the module space is also 128 MB (minus
the size of the .text segment of vmlinux), but this region is *not*
reserved for modules. Given the vastness of the vmalloc space on
arm64, this is usually not a problem, but we have to be able to deal
with the situation where unrelated vmalloc/vmap calls have chewed up
our module space, and modules need to be allocated elsewhere.

So given the choice between the rare occurrence of an otherwise
harmless ftrace splat, or the equally rare occurrence of a module that
fails to load, I think I prefer the former.

> Signed-off-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin at huawei.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index 3741859..40692bb 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -952,7 +952,6 @@ config RELOCATABLE
>         bool "Randomize the address of the kernel image"
> -       select ARM64_MODULE_PLTS if MODULES
>         select RELOCATABLE
>         help
>           Randomizes the virtual address at which the kernel image is
> @@ -972,6 +971,7 @@ config RANDOMIZE_BASE
>         bool "Randomize the module region independently from the core kernel"
>         depends on RANDOMIZE_BASE && !DYNAMIC_FTRACE
> +       select ARM64_MODULE_PLTS if MODULES
>         default y
>         help
>           Randomizes the location of the module region without considering the
> --

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list