[PATCH] clk: ti: Add support for basic clk_set_rate for dm814x and j5-eco ADPLL

Matthijs van Duin matthijsvanduin at gmail.com
Sat May 14 21:00:28 PDT 2016

On Fri, May 13, 2016 at 09:40:53AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> +#define TI_ADPLL_DIV_N_MAX		GENMASK(7, 0)
> +#define TI_ADPLL_MULT_M_MAX		(GENMASK(11, 0) + 1)

These are PLL-type dependent, also the +1 is wrong since M isn't
off-by-one like N and N2 are.  (consistency? who needs that anyway?)

Here's what my own header says:

/*10*/	u16 prediv;	// aka N	0..127	0..255	(off by one)
/*12*/	u16 postdiv;	// aka M2	1..31	1..127  (but see note below)
/*14*/	u16 mult;	// aka M	2..2047	2..4095
/*16*/	u16 bypassdiv;	// aka N2	0..15	0..15	(off by one)

the "note below" referred to being:

// Using the fractional multiplier increases jitter (presumably more for PLLS
// than for PLLLJ) and imposes constraints on the multiplier:
//	PLLLJ:  mult < 4094
//	PLLS:	mult < 2046 && mult >= 20
// Other docs say mult > 100 is required for PLLS for max 2.5% period jitter.

> +	/* Ratio for integer multiplier M and pre-divider N */
> +	rational_best_approximation(rate, dcorate, TI_ADPLL_MULT_M_MAX,
> +				    TI_ADPLL_DIV_N_MAX, &m, &n);

I'm seeing all sorts of problems here...

"dcorate" is a rather misleading name since I would expect that to
refer to the rate of the dco, obviously, while in fact it's the input
clock adjusted to account for an implicit factor of 2 (or 8 if you
enable M4XEN, the utility of which I do not see).

It makes no sense to use rational_best_approximation on the integer
part and then calculate the fractional part separately.  Not only is the
calculation wrong, it's needlessly complicated.  You could just have
passed TI_ADPLL_MULT_M_MAX << 18 to rational_best_approximation and then
split m into integer and fractional part.

The biggest problem however is that the best rational approximation does
not guarantee the refclk and dcoclk are within valid range.  This is
unlikely to be a problem for PLLS, but PLLLJ has quite narrow ranges:
0.5-2.5 MHz for refclk and 0.5-2.0 GHz for dcoclk.

I don't really have much time right now to spend on this, I suggest
checking previous threads on the 814x PLLs since I'm pretty sure the
complications/constraints for setting them have been discussed.

> + *                                            Maybe we can
> + * make the SD_DIV_TARGET_MHZ configurable also?

What use would it have?  All docs I've ever seen say sddiv must be set
to ceil(dcoclk / 250_MHz) and none of the docs contain any background
information whatsoever on how this thing works, so there's no informed
way to choose an alternate value.

> +	if ((sd >= TI814X_ADPLLJ_MIN_SD_DIV) &&
> +	    (sd <= TI814X_ADPLLJ_MAX_SD_DIV)) {

always true due to the limited range permitted for dcoclk.

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