[PATCH 0/2] arm64, cma, gicv3-its: Use CMA for allocation of large device tables
robert.richter at caviumnetworks.com
Tue Mar 1 04:40:29 PST 2016
On 29.02.16 15:17:53, Laura Abbott wrote:
> On 02/29/2016 05:30 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> >On 29/02/16 12:25, Robert Richter wrote:
> >>On 29.02.16 10:46:49, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> >>>On 25/02/16 11:02, Robert Richter wrote:
> >>>>From: Robert Richter <rrichter at cavium.com>
> >>>>This series implements the use of CMA for allocation of large device
> >>>>tables for the arm64 gicv3 interrupt controller.
> >>>>There are 2 patches, the first is for early activation of cma, which
> >>>>needs to be done before interrupt initialization to make it available
> >>>>to the gicv3. The second implements the use of CMA to allocate
> >>>>gicv3-its device tables.
> >>>>This solves the problem where mem allocation is limited to 4MB. A
> >>>>previous patch sent to the list to address this that instead increases
> >>>>FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER becomes obsolete.
> >>>I think you're looking at the problem the wrong way. Instead of going
> >>>through CMA directly, I'd rather go through the normal DMA API
> >>>(dma_alloc_coherent), which can itself try CMA (should it be enabled).
> >>>That will give you all the benefit of the CMA allocation, and also make
> >>>the driver more robust. I meant to do this for a while, and never found
> >>>the time. Any chance you could have a look?
> >>I was considering this first, and in fact the backend used is the
> >>same. The problem is that irq initialization is much more earlier than
> >>standard device probing. The gic even does not have its own struct
> >>device and is not initialized like devices are. This makes the whole
> >>dma_alloc_coherent() approach not feasable, at least this would
> >>require introducing and using a dev struct for the gic. But still this
> >>migth not work as it could be too early during boot. I also think
> >>there were reasons not implementing the gic as a device.
> >>I was following more the approach of iommu/mmu implementations which
> >>use dma_alloc_from_contiguous() directly. I think this is more close
> >>to the device tables for its.
> >>Code path of dma_alloc_coherent():
> >> dma_alloc_coherent()
> >> v
> >> dma_alloc_attrs() <---- Requires get_dma_ops(dev) != NULL
> >> v
> >> dma_alloc_from_coherent()
> >> v
> >> ...
> >>The difference it that dma_alloc_coherent() tries cma first and then
> >>proceeds with ops->alloc() (which is __dma_alloc() for arm64) if
> >>dma_alloc_from_coherent() fails. In my implementation I am directly
> >>using dma_alloc_from_coherent() and only for large mem sizes.
> >>So both approaches uses finally the same allocation, but for gicv3-its
> >>the generic dma framework is not used since the gic is not implemented
> >>as a device.
> >And that's what I propose we change.
> >The core GIC itself indeed isn't a device, and I'm not proposing we make
> >it a device (yet). But the ITS is only used much later in the game, and
> >we could move the table allocation to a different time (when the actual
> >domains are allocated, for example...). Then, we'd have a set of devices
> >available, and the DMA API is our friend again.
> > M.
> I did the first drop of CMA in the DMA APIs for arm64. When adding that,
> it was decided to disallow dma_alloc calls without a valid device pointer
> (c666e8d5cae7 "arm64: Warn on NULL device structure for dma APIs") so
> if the GIC code wants to use dma_alloc it _must_ have a proper device.
> If the device shift still isn't feasible, a better approach might be
> what powerpc did for kvm (arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_builtin.c). This
> calls the cma_alloc functions directly and skips trying to work around
> the DMA layer.
> With either option, I don't think the early initialization approach
> proposed is great. If we want CMA early, it's probably be just to
> explicitly initialize it early rather than trying to do it from
> two places. Something like:
I wasn't sure whether this works for all archs if called directly in
mm_init(). If so, ok your proposed change would be better, though a
stub for !CONFIG_CMA needs to be added. Any comment on the change
below as a replacement for patch #1?
On the other side, if we use device enablement for its, then early cma
enablement is not needed anymore. Will check how that could work.
> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> index 29f9e77..a26712a 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cma.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> @@ -28,4 +28,5 @@ extern int cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size,
> struct cma **res_cma);
> extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align);
> extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct page *pages, unsigned int count);
> +extern int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void);
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index 58c9e37..a92bdb8 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -81,6 +81,7 @@
> #include <linux/integrity.h>
> #include <linux/proc_ns.h>
> #include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/cma.h>
> #include <asm/io.h>
> #include <asm/bugs.h>
> @@ -492,6 +493,7 @@ static void __init mm_init(void)
> + cma_init_reserved_areas();
> asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
> index ea506eb..42278d4 100644
> --- a/mm/cma.c
> +++ b/mm/cma.c
> @@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ err:
> return -EINVAL;
> -static int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> +int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> int i;
> @@ -155,7 +155,6 @@ static int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> return 0;
> * cma_init_reserved_mem() - create custom contiguous area from reserved memory
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