[PATCH v14 04/10] arm64: Kprobes with single stepping support
mhiramat at kernel.org
Tue Jun 28 00:25:22 PDT 2016
On Mon, 27 Jun 2016 10:06:57 -0400
David Long <dave.long at linaro.org> wrote:
> On 06/27/2016 02:57 AM, Pratyush Anand wrote:
> > Hi David,
> > On 26/06/2016:11:06:47 PM, David Long wrote:
> >> From: Sandeepa Prabhu <sandeepa.s.prabhu at gmail.com>
> >> Add support for basic kernel probes(kprobes) and jump probes
> >> (jprobes) for ARM64.
> >> Kprobes utilizes software breakpoint and single step debug
> >> exceptions supported on ARM v8.
> >> A software breakpoint is placed at the probe address to trap the
> >> kernel execution into the kprobe handler.
> >> ARM v8 supports enabling single stepping before the break exception
> >> return (ERET), with next PC in exception return address (ELR_EL1). The
> >> kprobe handler prepares an executable memory slot for out-of-line
> >> execution with a copy of the original instruction being probed, and
> >> enables single stepping. The PC is set to the out-of-line slot address
> >> before the ERET. With this scheme, the instruction is executed with the
> >> exact same register context except for the PC (and DAIF) registers.
> >> Debug mask (PSTATE.D) is enabled only when single stepping a recursive
> >> kprobe, e.g.: during kprobes reenter so that probed instruction can be
> >> single stepped within the kprobe handler -exception- context.
> >> The recursion depth of kprobe is always 2, i.e. upon probe re-entry,
> >> any further re-entry is prevented by not calling handlers and the case
> >> counted as a missed kprobe).
> >> Single stepping from the x-o-l slot has a drawback for PC-relative accesses
> >> like branching and symbolic literals access as the offset from the new PC
> >> (slot address) may not be ensured to fit in the immediate value of
> >> the opcode. Such instructions need simulation, so reject
> >> probing them.
> >> Instructions generating exceptions or cpu mode change are rejected
> >> for probing.
> >> Exclusive load/store instructions are rejected too. Additionally, the
> >> code is checked to see if it is inside an exclusive load/store sequence
> >> (code from Pratyush).
> >> System instructions are mostly enabled for stepping, except MSR/MRS
> >> accesses to "DAIF" flags in PSTATE, which are not safe for
> >> probing.
> >> Thanks to Steve Capper and Pratyush Anand for several suggested
> >> Changes.
> >> Signed-off-by: Sandeepa Prabhu <sandeepa.s.prabhu at gmail.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: David A. Long <dave.long at linaro.org>
> >> Signed-off-by: Pratyush Anand <panand at redhat.com>
> >> ---
> >> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/debug-monitors.h | 5 +
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 2 +
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h | 60 ++++
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/probes.h | 34 +++
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h | 1 +
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile | 2 +-
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/debug-monitors.c | 16 +-
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/Makefile | 1 +
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/decode-insn.c | 143 +++++++++
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/decode-insn.h | 34 +++
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/kprobes.c | 525 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 1 +
> >> arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 26 ++
> >> 14 files changed, 848 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/probes.h
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/Makefile
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/decode-insn.c
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/decode-insn.h
> > Can we rename kernel/kprobes as kernel/probes? uprobes code will use
> > decode-insn.c and further simulate-insn.c as well. So, I would like to place my
> > uprobes.c in same directory.
> I had some reservations about making it a "kprobes" subdir for that
> reason but the advice I got was to simply go with Masami Hiramatsu's
> specific feedback and have a subsequent uprobes patch move these files
> to a replacement "probes" subdir. If there ends up being yet another
> revision of this patch maybe he will consider allowing it to be called
> "probes" from the start.
Yeah, if you've already been sure it will be done,
I'm OK to rename it "probe" :) I just didn't know your work.
> >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/kprobes/kprobes.c
> > [...]
> >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> >> index 6c0c7d3..c7bbeed 100644
> >> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> >> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> >> @@ -209,6 +209,7 @@ struct task_struct;
> >> int valid_user_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs, struct task_struct *task);
> >> #define instruction_pointer(regs) ((unsigned long)(regs)->pc)
> >> +#define instruction_pointer_set(regs, value) ((regs)->pc = ((u64) (value)))
> > IIRC, Will Daecon had asked to include asm-generic/ptrace.h into asm/ptrace.h when
> > I had done similar changes for uprobe needs. May be you can pick patch from
> > my uprobe tree.
Ah, right. we have something similar routines in asm-generic/ptrace.h.
Feel free to include it.
> > https://github.com/pratyushanand/linux/commit/bb3e114797c2888ed8ad528cca20e569dd2d818e
> I will look at this.
> > ~Pratyush
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat at kernel.org>
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