Linux panics when suspend cannot offline the secondary cores

Mason slash.tmp at
Tue Jun 14 05:42:20 PDT 2016

On 13/06/2016 23:02, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:

> On Mon, Jun 13, 2016 at 10:49:32PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> I guess all of the existing implementations of smp_ops.cpu_die() don't return
>> to the caller no matter what, so the caller did not have to consider anything
>> else.
> Existing implementations for hardware which implements CPU hotplug
> takes the requested CPU down in such a way that smp_ops.cpu_die()
> *never* returns.
> We have a number of evaluation boards where its desirable to emulate
> CPU hotplug.  These boards have no power management abilities, and
> have no way to power down or reset a CPU from software.  For these,
> we implement CPU hotplug by taking the CPU down gracefully, taking
> it out of coherency, and then placing it in a loop waiting for the
> CPU up event to arrive.  At that point (and this is the only legal
> time) smp_ops.cpu_die() returns - at which point you get the
> resuscitating kernel message, and the CPU re-enters the kernel.
> This path is _only_ for these evaluation platforms which have no
> hardware support for CPU hotplug, and therefore no PM and no kexec.
> The *only* solution to having working PM support Mason's platform is
> a properly implemented CPU hotplug correctly - which means ensuring
> that the CPU is either powered down or placed in reset during the
> smp_ops.cpu_die() call.  Everything else (even the simulation of it)
> is not good enough.
> That can be done either by the dying CPU when it calls into
> smp_ops.cpu_die(), or the CPU requesting the death of the CPU via
> smp_ops.cpu_kill().
> Either way, it's up to the platform code to implement these, and as
> I say, a correct and proper implementation of this is a fundamental
> requirement for system power management (like suspend) and kexec in
> a SMP system.

Hello Russell,

The current plan is to have cpu_die() jump into the firmware, and have
the firmware "park" the calling core into a WFI loop until someone wants
to online the parked core, via the smp_boot_secondary() callback.

Would that work?

So far, I haven't cared about what HOTPLUG does with the parked core,
because we would just provide HOTPLUG as a requirement for suspend,
which offlines the secondary cores, and then we will power down the
entire SoC.

On a tangential subject, is the scheduler able to off-line idle cores?


More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list