[PATCH v3 1/5] ACPI: change __init to __ref for early_acpi_os_unmap_memory()

Aleksey Makarov aleksey.makarov at linaro.org
Fri Feb 19 02:42:37 PST 2016

Hi Peter,

Thank you for review.

On 02/19/2016 01:03 AM, Peter Hurley wrote:
> On 02/17/2016 07:36 PM, Zheng, Lv wrote:
>> Hi,
>>> From: Aleksey Makarov [mailto:aleksey.makarov at linaro.org]
>>> Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 1/5] ACPI: change __init to __ref for
>>> early_acpi_os_unmap_memory()
>>> Hi Lv,
>>> Thank you for review.
>>> On 02/17/2016 05:51 AM, Zheng, Lv wrote:
>>> [..]
>>>>>> early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() is marked as __init because it calls
>>>>>> __acpi_unmap_table(), but only when acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is not
>>> set.
>>>>>> acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set in __init acpi_early_init()
>>>>>> so it is safe to call early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() from anywhere
>>>>>> We need this function to be non-__init because we need access to
>>>>>> some tables at unpredictable time--it may be before or after
>>>>>> acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set.  For example, SPCR (Serial Port Console
>>>>>> Redirection) table is needed each time a new console is registered.
>>>>>> It can be quite early (console_initcall) or when a module is inserted.
>>>>>> When this table accessed before acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set,
>>>>>> the pointer should be unmapped.  This is exactly what this function
>>>>>> does.
>>>>> [Lv Zheng]
>>>>> Why don't you use another API instead of early_acpi_os_unmap_memory()
>>> in
>>>>> case you want to unmap things in any cases.
>>>>> acpi_os_unmap_memory() should be the one to match this purpose.
>>>>> It checks acpi_gbl_ppermanent_mmap in acpi_os_unmap_iomem().
>>> As far as I understand, there exist two steps in ACPI initialization:
>>> 1. Before acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set, tables received with
>>> acpi_get_table_with_size()
>>>    are mapped by early_memremap().  If a subsystem gets such a pointer it
>>> should be unmapped.
>>> 2  After acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set this pointer should not be unmapped
>>> at all.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> This statement is wrong, this should be:
>> As long as there is a __reference__ to the mapped table, the pointer should not be unmapped.
>> In fact, we have a series to introduce acpi_put_table() to achieve this.
>> So your argument is wrong from very first point.
>>> That exactly what early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() does--it checks
>>> acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap.
>>> If I had used acpi_os_unmap_memory() after acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap had
>>> been set,
>>> it would have tried to free that pointer with an oops (actually, I checked that
>>> and got that oops).
>>> So using acpi_os_unmap_memory() is not an option here, but
>>> early_acpi_os_unmap_memory()
>>> match perfectly.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> I don't think so.
>> For definition block tables, we know for sure there will always be references, until "Unload" opcode is invoked by the AML interpreter.
>> But for the data tables, OSPMs should use them in this way:
>> 1. map the table
>> 2. parse the table and convert it to OS specific structures
>> 3. unmap the table
>> This helps to shrink virtual memory address space usages.
>> So from this point of view, all data tables should be unmapped right after being parsed.
>> Why do you need the map to be persistent in the kernel address space?
>> You can always map a small table, but what if the table size is very big?
>>>>> And in fact early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() should be removed.
>>> I don't think so -- I have explained why.  It does different thing.
>>> Probably it (and/or other functions in that api) should be renamed.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> Just let me ask one more question.
>> eary_acpi_os_unmap_memory() is not used inside of ACPICA.
>> How ACPICA can work with just acpi_os_unmap_memory()?
>> You can check drivers/acpi/tbxxx.c.
>> Especially: acpi_tb_release_temp_table() and the code invoking it.
>>>> [Lv Zheng]
>>>> One more thing is:
>>>> If you can't switch your driver to use acpi_os_unmap_memory() instead of
>>> early_acpi_os_unmap_memory(),
>>>> then it implies that your driver does have a defect.
>>> I still don't understand what defect, sorry.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> If you can't ensure this sequence for using the data tables:
>> 1. map the table
>> 2. parse the table and convert it to OS specific structure
>> 3. unmap the table
>> It implies there is a bug in the driver or a bug in the ACPI subsystem core.
> Exactly.
> The central problem here is the way Aleksey is trying to hookup a console.
> What should be happening in this series is:
> 1. early map SPCR
> 2. parse the SPCR table
> 3. call add_preferred_console() to add the SPCR console to the console table
> 4. unmap SPCR

This does not work.  

SPCR specifies address of the console, but add_preferred_console() accepts
name of console and its index.  There are no general method to translate address
to name at such an early stage.

There is another reason why I prefer to parse SPCR each time a console is registered.
Some consoles can be registered very early in the initialization process and
we have to be sure add_preferred_console() is called before that.

Of course, I could just parse it once and cache the results, but
this still requires accessing SPCR before acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap
is set *or* after that.

> This trivial and unobtrusive method would already have a 8250 console
> running via SPCR. I've already pointed this out in previous reviews.
> Further, the above method *will be required anyway* for the DBG2 table to
> start an earlycon, which I've already pointed out in previous reviews.
> Then to enable amba-pl011 console via ACPI, add a console match() method
> similar to the 8250 console match() method, univ8250_console_match().

So are you suggesting a separate method for each possible console?
This is not acceptable.

Do you suggest making up separate new name (like "uart" for 8250) for each type
of conosole SPCR can specify?

> FWIW, PCI earlycon + console support was already submitted once before but
> never picked up by GregKH. I think I'll just grab that and re-submit so
> you would know what to emit for console options in the add_preferred_console().

Please do.  Or just send a link to to that submission.

Do you mean the Leif Lindholm's patches:


He did same thing as I did in my v3 exept 1) he parses ACPI tree to match device
(I just match SPCR against data that struct uart_port already has)
2) As you are suggesting, he parses SPCR once at a predefined point in initialization.
And that's why his submission is RFC: he had troubles with the order of initialization.

Thank you
Aleksey Makarov

> Regards,
> Peter Hurley
>>>> There is an early bootup requirement in Linux.
>>>> Maps acquired during the early stage should be freed by the driver during the
>>> early stage.
>>>> And the driver should re-acquire the memory map after booting.
>>> Exactly.  That's why I use early_acpi_os_unmap_memory().  The point is that
>>> that code can be
>>> called *before* acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set (at early initialization of for
>>> example 8250 console)
>>> or *after* acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set (at insertion of a module that
>>> registers a console),
>>> We just can not tell if the received table pointer should or sould not be freed
>>> with early_memunmap()
>>> (actually __acpi_unmap_table() or whatever) without checking
>>> acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap,
>>> but that's all too low level.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> The driver should make sure that:
>> Map/unmap is paired during early stage.
>> For late stage, it should be another pair of map/unmap.
>>> Another option, as you describe, is to get this pointer early, don't free it
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> I mean you should free it early.
>>> untill acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set, then free it (with
>>> early_acpi_os_unmap_memory(), that's
>>> ok because acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set in an init code), then get the
>>> persistent
>>> pointer to the table.  The problem with it is that we can not just watch
>>> acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap
>>> to catch this exact moment.  And also accessing acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is
>>> not good as it probably is
>>> an implementation detail (i. e. too lowlevel) of the ACPI code.
>>> Or I probably miss what you are suggesting.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> I mean, you should:
>> During early stage:
>> acpi_os_map_memory()
>> Parse the table.
>> acpi_os_unmap_memory().
>>>> This is because, during early bootup stage, there are only limited slots
>>> available for drivers to map memory.
>>>> So by changing __init to __ref here, you probably will hide many such defects.
>>> What defects?  This funcions checks acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap.
>>> BTW, exactly the same thing is done in the beginning of
>>> acpi_os_unmap_memory() and than's ok,
>>> that function is __ref.
>>>> And solving issues in this way doesn't seem to be an improvement.
>>> Could you please tell me where I am wrong?  I still don't understand your point.
>> [Lv Zheng] 
>> But anyway, the defect should be in ACPI subsystem core.
>> The cause should be the API itself - acpi_get_table().
>> So I agree you can use early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() during the period the root causes are not cleaned up.
>> But the bottom line is: the driver need to ensure that early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() is always invoked.
>> As long as you can ensure this, I don't have objections for deploying early_acpi_os_unmap_memory()  for now.
>> Thanks and best regards
>> -Lv
>>> Thank you
>>> Aleksey Makarov
>>>> Thanks and best regards
>>>> -Lv
>>>>> Thanks and best regards
>>>>> -Lv
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Aleksey Makarov <aleksey.makarov at linaro.org>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>  drivers/acpi/osl.c | 6 +++++-
>>>>>>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/acpi/osl.c b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
>>>>>> index 67da6fb..8a552cd 100644
>>>>>> --- a/drivers/acpi/osl.c
>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
>>>>>> @@ -497,7 +497,11 @@ void __ref acpi_os_unmap_memory(void *virt,
>>>>>> acpi_size size)
>>>>>>  }
>>>>>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(acpi_os_unmap_memory);
>>>>>> -void __init early_acpi_os_unmap_memory(void __iomem *virt, acpi_size
>>>>> size)
>>>>>> +/*
>>>>>> + * acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap is set in __init acpi_early_init()
>>>>>> + * so it is safe to call early_acpi_os_unmap_memory() from anywhere
>>>>>> + */
>>>>>> +void __ref early_acpi_os_unmap_memory(void __iomem *virt, acpi_size
>>>>> size)
>>>>>>  {
>>>>>>  	if (!acpi_gbl_permanent_mmap)
>>>>>>  		__acpi_unmap_table(virt, size);
>>>>>> --
>>>>>> 2.7.1
>>>>>> --
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