[RFC2 nowrap: PATCH v7 00/18] ILP32 for ARM64

Dr. Philipp Tomsich philipp.tomsich at theobroma-systems.com
Wed Aug 17 07:32:23 PDT 2016

> On 17 Aug 2016, at 16:29, Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas at arm.com> wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 17, 2016 at 02:54:59PM +0200, Dr. Philipp Tomsich wrote:
>> On 17 Aug 2016, at 14:48, Yury Norov <ynorov at caviumnetworks.com> wrote:
>>> On Wed, Aug 17, 2016 at 02:28:50PM +0200, Alexander Graf wrote:
>>>> On 17 Aug 2016, at 13:46, Yury Norov <ynorov at caviumnetworks.com> wrote:
>>>>> This series enables aarch64 with ilp32 mode, and as supporting work,
>>>>> introduces ARCH_32BIT_OFF_T configuration option that is enabled for
>>>>> existing 32-bit architectures but disabled for new arches (so 64-bit
>>>>> off_t is is used by new userspace).
>>>>> This version is based on kernel v4.8-rc2.
>>>>> It works with glibc-2.23, and tested with LTP.
>>>>> This is RFC because there is still no solid understanding what type of registers
>>>>> top-halves delousing we prefer. In this patchset, w0-w7 are cleared for each
>>>>> syscall in assembler entry. The alternative approach is in introducing compat
>>>>> wrappers which is little faster for natively routed syscalls (~2.6% for syscall
>>>>> with no payload) but much more complicated.
>>>> So you’re saying there are 2 options:
>>>> 1) easy to get right, slightly slower, same ABI to user space as 2
>>>> 2) harder to get right, minor performance benefit
>>> No, ABI is little different. If 1) we pass off_t in a pair to syscalls,
>>> if 2) - in a single register. So if 1, we 'd take some wrappers from aarch32.
>>> See patch 12 here.
>> From our experience with ILP32, I’d prefer to have off_t (and similar)
>> in a single register whenever possible (i.e. option #2).  It feels
>> more natural to use the full 64bit registers whenever possible, as
>> ILP32 on ARMv8 should really be understood as a 64bit ABI with a 32bit
>> memory model.
> I think we are well past the point where we considered ILP32 a 64-bit
> ABI. It would have been nice but we decided that breaking POSIX
> compatibility is a bad idea, so we went back (again) to a 32-bit ABI for
> ILP32. While there are 64-bit arguments that, at a first look, would
> make sense to be passed in 64-bit registers, the kernel maintenance cost
> is significant with changes to generic files.
> Allowing 64-bit wide registers at the ILP32 syscall interface means that
> the kernel would have to zero/sign-extend the upper half of the 32-bit
> arguments for the cases where they are passed directly to a native
> syscall that expects a 64-bit argument. This (a) adds a significant
> number of wrappers to the generic code together additional annotations
> to the generic unistd.h and (b) it adds a small overhead to the AArch32
> (compat) ABI since it doesn't need such generic wrapping (the upper half
> of 64-bit registers is guaranteed to be zero/preserved by the
> architecture when coming from the AArch32 mode).

Yes, I remember the discussions and just wanted to put option #2 in context again.
Everything points to just going with the pair-of-registers and getting this merged 
quickly then, I suppose.


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