arm64: about Add CONFIG_DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX suport

Laura Abbott laura at
Fri Oct 30 08:05:16 PDT 2015

(Argh sent that from old e-mail address. I didn't even realize
I could send anymore. Please disregard the source of that old
e-mail if it ends up going through)

On 10/30/15 8:01 AM, Laura Abbott wrote:
> (cc-ing the mailing list. Please always remember to do that)
> Hi,
> On 10/30/15 2:18 AM, Xishi Qiu wrote:
>> On 2015/10/30 16:31, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
>>> On 10/30/2015 09:17 AM, zhong jiang wrote:
>>>> hi,can I ask you a question ? say , you provide the patch is
>>>> restricted within
>>>> the module is used. whether it can be used to other area ofmemory
>>>> like x86_64.
>>>> what is the limit?
>>> Sorry, I don't quite understand the question. You mean ...
>>> commit e6a2e1b6c24a3993ffbb69a05dda202d2830ad90
>>> Author: Daniel Borkmann <daniel at>
>>> Date:   Sun Mar 1 10:14:39 2015 +0000
>>>      arm64: mm: unexport set_memory_ro and set_memory_rw
>>>      This effectively unexports set_memory_ro and set_memory_rw
>>> functions from
>>>      commit 11d91a770f1f ("arm64: Add CONFIG_DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
>>> support").
>>>      No module user of those is in mainline kernel and we explicitly
>>> do not want
>>>      modules to use these functions, as they i.e. RO-protect eBPF
>>> (interpreted and
>>>      JIT'ed) images from malicious modifications/bugs.
>>>      Outside of eBPF scope, I believe also other set_memory_*
>>> functions should
>>>      be unexported on arm64 due to non-existant mainline module user.
>>> Laura
>>>      mentioned that they have some uses for modules doing
>>> set_memory_*, but
>>>      none that are in mainline and it's unclear if they would ever
>>> get there.
>>>      Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel at>
>>>      Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast at>
>>>      Acked-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa at>
>>>      Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon at>
>>> ...? What is your question in relation to this?
>>> ( x86_64 also has an implementation of set_memory_ro(). )
>>> Cheers,
>>> Daniel
>> Hi Daniel,
>> Sorry for didn't saying it clearly. I find this
>> interface(set_memory_ro/rw) can
>> only be used in module address. So why not extend the function? e.g.
>> like x86,
>> it can be used in direct mapping address too.
>> Is there some limits in arm64 or we will do this later?
> arm64 maps low mem (all direct mapped memory on arm64) with section
> mappings for performance. set_memory_ro/rw works on PAGE_SIZE
> granularity so if we wanted to use those functions on direct mapped
> memory we would need to break down the section mappings. On arm,
> this was a pain due to the TLB maintaince requried. On arm64, less
> so but we still lose the benefit of the section mappings.
> Do you have a use case in mind for wanting to use set_memory_ro/rw
> outside of the module area?
>> One more question, in arm64, create_mapping() will create the page
>> table of direct
>> mapping area, is the page 2M or 1G? I mean like the flag
> It will try to do 1G if it can.
> Thanks,
> Laura

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