v7-M: Fixing XIP when the kernel is in ROM

Ezequiel Garcia ezequiel at vanguardiasur.com.ar
Sun Oct 25 18:27:10 PDT 2015

I've been trying to make my ARM v7-M LPC43xx board
boot a XIP kernel from flash. Currently, this seems
to be broken in mainline due to this:

        @ SVC to run the kernel in this mode
        badr    r1, 1f
        ldr     r5, [r12, #11 * 4]      @ read the SVC vector entry
        str     r1, [r12, #11 * 4]      @ write the temporary SVC vector entry
        mov     r6, lr                  @ save LR
        mov     r7, sp                  @ save SP
	ldr     sp, =__v7m_setup_stack_top @ <<< Breaks XIP!
        cpsie   i
        svc     #0
1:      cpsid   i
        str     r5, [r12, #11 * 4]      @ restore the original SVC vector entry
        mov     lr, r6                  @ restore LR
        mov     sp, r7                  @ restore SP

Here, a temporary stack is prepared before making a
supervisor call (SVC) to switch to handler mode.

The temporary stack is allocated in the .text.init section
and so this doesn't work when the kernel is executing from ROM.

A similar problem has been reported for v7:


While trying to come up with a proper fix, I've noticed how
the stack doesn't seem to be used.

So, I've been trying to understand why the need for the temporary
stack at all, but I still can't get it. 

The below patch seems to work just fine, and allows to boot a
LPC43xx kernel either as XIP from ROM or non-XIP from RAM.

However, I'm still wondering if the stack is really unused or not,
so any lights that can be shed here will be appreciated.


>From a7c880c73b8ad2e4c4b07f4d11809ea541a65e1d Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Ezequiel Garcia <ezequiel at vanguardiasur.com.ar>
Date: Sat, 24 Oct 2015 13:27:27 -0300
Subject: [PATCH] ARM: Don't prepare any temporary stack in __v7m_setup

Since __v7m_setup() is implemented as the PROCINFO_INITFUNC
called in head-nommu.S it's called at the very beggining to
do some very basic setup.

The function prepares a temporary stack in the .text.init
section before calling SVC. However, this stack seems to
be completely unused and hence is not needed.

Moreover, this breaks on XIP kernels, when the text is in ROM.
Hence, this commit simply removes the temporary stack setup.

Signed-off-by: Ezequiel Garcia <ezequiel at vanguardiasur.com.ar>
 arch/arm/mm/proc-v7m.S | 6 ------
 1 file changed, 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7m.S b/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7m.S
index 67d9209077c6..6a383e619a0c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7m.S
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7m.S
@@ -103,7 +103,6 @@ __v7m_setup:
 	str	r1, [r12, #11 * 4]	@ write the temporary SVC vector entry
 	mov	r6, lr			@ save LR
 	mov	r7, sp			@ save SP
-	ldr	sp, =__v7m_setup_stack_top
 	cpsie	i
 	svc	#0
 1:	cpsid	i
@@ -123,11 +122,6 @@ __v7m_setup:
 	ret	lr
-	.align 2
-	.space	4 * 8				@ 8 registers
 	define_processor_functions v7m, dabort=nommu_early_abort, pabort=legacy_pabort, nommu=1
 	.section ".rodata"

Ezequiel Garcia, VanguardiaSur

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list