[PATCH 1/2] can: xilinx: use readl/writel instead of ioread/iowrite

Arnd Bergmann arnd at arndb.de
Sun Oct 25 18:25:30 PDT 2015

On Sunday 25 October 2015, Marc Kleine-Budde wrote:
> On 10/22/2015 10:58 AM, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> >>> The two should really do the same thing: iowrite32() is just a static inline
> >>> calling writel() on both ARM32 and ARM64. On which kernel version did you
> >>> observe the difference? It's possible that an older version used
> >>> CONFIG_GENERIC_IOMAP, which made this slightly more expensive.
> >>>
> >>> If there are barriers that you want to get rid of for performance reasons,
> >>> you should use writel_relaxed(), but be careful to synchronize them correctly
> >>> with regard to DMA. It should be fine in this driver, as it does not
> >>> perform any DMA, but be aware that there is no big-endian version of
> >>> writel_relaxed() at the moment.
> >>
> >> We don't have DMA in CAN drivers, but usually a certain write triggers
> >> sending. Do we need a barrier before triggering the sending?
> > 
> > No, the relaxed writes are not well-defined across architectures. On
> > ARM, the CPU guarantees that stores to an MMIO area are still in order
> > with respect to one another, the barrier is only needed for actual DMA,
> > so you are fine. I would expect the same to be true everywhere,
> > otherwise a lot of other drivers would be broken too.
> And the relaxed functions seem not to be available on all archs. This
> driver should work on microblaze. Are __raw_writeX(), __raw_readX() an
> alternative here?

__raw_writeX() and __raw_readX()  are not safe to use in drivers in general.

readl_relaxed() should work on all architectures nowadays, and I've checked
that it does on microblaze.


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