l2c: Kernel panic in l2c310_enable() in non-secure mode

Rob Herring robh at kernel.org
Wed Oct 14 10:06:30 PDT 2015

On Wed, Oct 14, 2015 at 9:47 AM, Marc Gonzalez
<marc_gonzalez at sigmadesigns.com> wrote:
> On 14/10/2015 16:17, Marc Gonzalez wrote:
>> Internal error: Oops - undefined instruction: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
>> On my platform, Linux v4.2 running in non-secure mode panics in
>> l2c310_enable() with the pc pointing at this instruction:
>> c03390cc: ee013f30 mcr 15, 0, r3, cr1, cr0, {1}
>> which corresponds to set_auxcr IIUC.
>> static inline void set_auxcr(unsigned int val)
>> {
>>   asm volatile("mcr p15, 0, %0, c1, c0, 1  @ set AUXCR" : : "r" (val));
>>   isb();
>> }
>> which comes from this part in l2c310_enable:
>>       if (aux & L310_AUX_CTRL_FULL_LINE_ZERO) {
>>               set_auxcr(get_auxcr() | BIT(3) | BIT(2) | BIT(1));
>>               cpu_notifier(l2c310_cpu_enable_flz, 0);
>>       }
> Just to be sure, I changed set_auxcr() to a NOP. The kernel does not
> panic with that setup, and I can see the boot messages:
> [    0.000000] l2x0_of_init: FOO
> [    0.000000] L2C-310 enabling early BRESP for Cortex-A9
> [    0.000000] L2C-310: enabling full line of zeros but not enabled in Cortex-A9
> [    0.000000] reg=0x104 val=0x66460801
> [    0.000000] reg=0x100 val=0x1
> [    0.000000] L2C-310 I prefetch enabled, offset 1 lines
> [    0.000000] L2C-310 dynamic clock gating enabled, standby mode enabled
> [    0.000000] L2C-310 cache controller enabled, 8 ways, 512 kB
> [    0.000000] L2C-310: CACHE_ID 0x410000c8, AUX_CTRL 0x62460801
> The "reg=0x%x val=0x%lx\n" lines are from tango_l2c_write_sec()
> It seems the firmware forgot to enable FLOZ.

Yes, FLOZ has to be enabled after enabling the L2 and disabled before
disabling the L2.

>> The L2C-310 documentation states:
>>> When the L2C-310 AXI slave ports receive a write transaction with
>>> AWUSERSx[10], it indicates that the write actually targets a whole
>>> cache line and that all data of this cache line must be reset to
>>> zero. The Cortex-A9 processor is likely to use this feature when a
>>> CPU is executing a memset routine to initialise a particular memory
>>> area. When the L2C-310 receives such a write transaction it ignores
>>> the AXI attributes attached to the transaction, size, length, data,
>>> and strobes for example, because the whole cache line must be reset.
>>> This behavior is not compatible with the AXI protocol, it is disabled
>>> by default. You can enable it by setting the Full Line of Zero Enable
>>> bit of the Auxiliary Control Register, bit[0]. This behavior also
>>> relies on an enable bit in the Cortex-A9 processor. You must take
>>> care if you enable this feature because correct behavior relies on
>>> consistent enabling in both the Cortex-A9 processor and the L2C-310.
>> According to the Cortex A9 documentation,
>> ACTLR is RO in non-secure mode if NSACR[18]=0 and RW if NSACR[18]=1
>> I suppose writing to a RO register cause the exception I see?


>> Commit 8abd259f657d5 ("l2c: provide generic hook to intercept
>> writes to secure registers") introduced a mechanism for non-secure
>> platforms to define how to write to the L2CC AUXCTRL register.
>>>    When Linux is running in the non-secure world, any write to a secure
>>>    L2C register will generate an abort.  Platforms normally have to call
>>>    firmware to work around this.  Provide a hook for them to intercept
>>>    any L2C secure register write.
>> Is there a similar mechanism for asking the firmware to write
>> to the CP15 ACTRL?


>> I suppose a work-around might be to set NSACR[18]?

You may find you need that anyway for control of the SMP bit if you
shut off cores.


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