[PATCH 2/3] arm64: reimplement page_is_ram() using memblock and UEFI memory map

Mark Rutland mark.rutland at arm.com
Thu Nov 12 08:03:29 PST 2015

On Thu, Nov 12, 2015 at 04:40:23PM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> On 12 November 2015 at 16:31, Matt Fleming <matt at codeblueprint.co.uk> wrote:
> > On Thu, 29 Oct, at 02:40:58PM, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> >> This patch overrides the __weak default implementation of page_is_ram(),
> >> which uses string comparisons to find entries called 'System RAM' in
> >> /proc/iomem. Since we used the contents of memblock to create those entries
> >> in the first place, let's use memblock directly.
> >>
> >> Also, since the UEFI memory map may describe regions backed by RAM that are
> >> not in memblock (i.e., reserved regions that were removed from the linear
> >> mapping), check the pfn against the UEFI memory map as well.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel at linaro.org>
> >> ---
> >>  arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >>  1 file changed, 34 insertions(+)
> >
> > Am I correct in thinking that the purpose of this series is just to
> > placate acpi_os_ioremap() on arm64, and its use of page_is_ram()?
> >
> That is currently the primary user, but we need this information for
> other purposes as well. One example is /dev/mem, which is used for
> both devices and memory (for instance, tools like dmidecode rely
> heavily on it). When using it to access a memory region that we
> punched out of the linear mapping, we should typically not map it as a
> device, since unaligned accesses cause faults in that case.
> In summary, it would be nice if we could preserve the 'is ram"
> annotation for regions that are not covered by the linear mapping.
> > While there aren't many users of page_is_ram() right now, I can see
> > how in the future if new users are added they'd be extremely confused
> > to find that page_is_ram(pfn) returns true but 'pfn' isn't accessible
> > by the kernel proper.
> >
> Well, who knows. page_is_ram() is poorly documented, and so is the
> 'System RAM' iomem annotation that its default implementation relies
> on.

Sorry if this is a bit of a derailment, but perhaps now is a good
opportunity to introduce something like:

#ifndef page_is_linear_mapped
#define page_is_linear_mapped page_is_ram

With documentation as to the semantic difference, and a conversion of
existing users.


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