[PATCH] iommu/dma: Map scatterlists more parsimoniously

Robin Murphy robin.murphy at arm.com
Wed Nov 11 06:54:16 PST 2015

Whilst blindly assuming the worst case for segment boundaries and
aligning every segment individually is safe from the point of view
of respecting the device's parameters, it is also undeniably a waste
of IOVA space. Futhermore, the knock-on effects of more pages than
necessary being exposed to device access, additional overhead in page
table updates and TLB invalidations, etc., are even more undesirable.

Improve matters by taking the actual boundary mask into account to
actively detect the cases in which we really do need to adjust a
segment, and avoid wasting space in the remainder.

Signed-off-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy at arm.com>

Hi all,

I've given this some brief testing on Juno with USB and (via magic
PCI hacks) SATA to confirm that all the +1s and -1s at least seem to
be in the right places, so I'm throwing it out now for a head-start on
checking whether it also helps the media folks with the v4l portability
issues they're up against (I'm confident it should). If all goes well I
figure I'll repost next week based on rc1 instead of some random local
development commit.


 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
index 3a20db4..821ebc4 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
@@ -441,6 +441,7 @@ int iommu_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
 	struct scatterlist *s, *prev = NULL;
 	dma_addr_t dma_addr;
 	size_t iova_len = 0;
+	unsigned long mask = dma_get_seg_boundary(dev);
 	int i;
@@ -460,17 +461,19 @@ int iommu_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
 		s->length = s_length;
-		 * The simple way to avoid the rare case of a segment
-		 * crossing the boundary mask is to pad the previous one
-		 * to end at a naturally-aligned IOVA for this one's size,
-		 * at the cost of potentially over-allocating a little.
+		 * With a single size-aligned IOVA allocation, no segment risks
+		 * crossing the boundary mask unless the total size exceeds
+		 * the mask itself. The simple way to maintain alignment when
+		 * that does happen is to pad the previous segment to end at the
+		 * next boundary, at the cost of over-allocating a little.
 		if (prev) {
-			size_t pad_len = roundup_pow_of_two(s_length);
+			size_t pad_len = (mask - iova_len + 1) & mask;
-			pad_len = (pad_len - iova_len) & (pad_len - 1);
-			prev->length += pad_len;
-			iova_len += pad_len;
+			if (pad_len && pad_len < s_length - 1) {
+				prev->length += pad_len;
+				iova_len += pad_len;
+			}
 		iova_len += s_length;

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