[GIT PULL 4/8] clk: tegra: Changes for v4.2-rc1

Stephen Boyd sboyd at codeaurora.org
Wed May 27 12:50:21 PDT 2015

On 05/21, Mikko Perttunen wrote:
> On 05/20/2015 10:54 PM, Stephen Boyd wrote:
> > On 05/13, Thierry Reding wrote:
> >> Hi Mike, Stephen,
> >>
> >> The following changes since commit b787f68c36d49bb1d9236f403813641efa74a031:
> >>
> >>   Linux 4.1-rc1 (2015-04-26 17:59:10 -0700)
> >>
> >> are available in the git repository at:
> >>
> >>   git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tegra/linux.git tags/tegra-for-4.2-clk
> >>
> >> for you to fetch changes up to 36b7be6d3ea8f434f1e0723f3fb0e85c3e00ebc2:
> >>
> >>   clk: tegra: Fix hda2codec_2x clock name for Tegra30 (2015-05-13 15:17:14 +0200)
> >>
> >> I've based this pull request on top of the tegra-for-4.2-ramcode pull
> >> request, so pulling only this one should be sufficient to resolve the
> >> dependency.
> >>
> >> Thanks,
> >> Thierry
> >>
> >> ----------------------------------------------------------------
> >> clk: tegra: Changes for v4.2-rc1
> >>
> >> This contains the EMC clock driver that's been exhaustively reviewed and
> >> tested. It also includes a change to the clock core that allows a clock
> >> provider to perform low-level reparenting of clocks. This is required by
> >> the EMC clock driver because the reparenting needs to be done at a very
> >> specific point in time during the EMC frequency switch.
> > 
> > Can someone please describe why we need to do software
> > reparenting at a specific point in time during a frequency
> > switch? I must have missed out on the conversation somewhere and
> > looking at the commit that introduces the function, the argument
> > for why the API is exposed:
> > 
> >       To be used by clock implementations for switching to a new
> >       parent during rate change.
> > 
> > is lacking in any details about *why* we need it.
> > 
> Hi Stephen,
> the way the EMC clock rate is set in hardware is similar to other
> clocks, i.e. there's a register and you write the new divider and parent
> id to it. However, with EMC, you cannot just do this any time you want;
> writing to the register initiates a state machine in the clock hardware
> that changes a large number of other parameters regarding DRAM timings
> as well. These parameters need to be programmed into shadow registers
> before the rate change write is done. This means that both the new
> divisor and the parent must be written in the same register write.
> The CCF has a callback, set_rate_and_parent, which allows for both to be
> passed to the driver at the same time. However, it also requires
> set_rate and set_parent to be implemented, which the EMC driver cannot do.

Ok so we should change the framework to allow drivers to only
implement set_rate_and_parent and use that in set_rate and
set_parent implementations if it's the only option available. Or
is there a problem if CCF allows clk_set_parent() on the EMC
clock by calling set_rate_and_parent() with the new parent and
whatever recalc_rate returns for the new parent's rate going into
the clock?

> Furthermore, the CCF cannot help with parent selection for the EMC clock
> at all. The parent for each rate is selected by the board designer.

I'm not following this part. The CCF mostly asks clock providers
what parent should be used when clk_set_rate() is called.

> There is also the issue that sometimes, the EMC driver cannot directly
> switch to the target (rate, parent) pair; instead it is necessary to
> switch first to another pair we call a backup timing. In this situation,
> we temporarily have a parent that is neither the one we had before the
> set_rate call or the one it will be after. Especially, if the switch to
> the backup timing succeeds but the following switch to the target timing
> fails, then without the reparent call the parent in hardware would be
> left inconsistent with the software state.

Yes, I've sent a patch a while ago to support an idea of a "safe
parent" or a backup timing that can be used while a clock is
reprogrammed. Mike has also proposed the concept of "coordinated
clock rates" which would do something similar and allow clock
providers to control complicated rate transitions themselves. It
seems that we may be able to use the "safe parent" concept here,
where first we switch to some other parent, call the set_rate*
op, and then switch the parent back if we're not already using
the parent that we should be using.

This sort of thing becomes important for things like per-clock
locking where we need to know how the clock tree is going to
change *before* we modify the clock tree. If we go back and forth
between the clock providers and the clock tree while we're in the
middle of making irreversible changes to the hardware, we may get
stuck in a situation where we need to lock more clocks and then
we may need to undo hardware changes.

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