[v2 0/5] arm64: add kdump support

AKASHI Takahiro takahiro.akashi at linaro.org
Mon May 18 01:08:16 PDT 2015


On 05/12/2015 02:43 PM, Dave Young wrote:
> On 05/11/15 at 03:16pm, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>> Hi
>> Sorry for late response. I was on vacation.
>> On 04/24/2015 06:53 PM, Mark Rutland wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> On Fri, Apr 24, 2015 at 08:53:03AM +0100, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>>>> This patch set enables kdump (crash dump kernel) support on arm64 on top of
>>>> Geoff's kexec patchset.
>>>> In this version, there are some arm64-specific usage/constraints:
>>>> 1) "mem=" boot parameter must be specified on crash dump kernel
>>>>     if the system starts on uefi.
>>> This sounds very painful. Why is this the case, and how do x86 and/or
>>> ia64 get around that?
>> As Dave (Young) said, x86 uses "memmap=XX" kernel commandline parameters
>> to specify usable memory for crash dump kernel.
> Originally x86 use memmap=exactmap memmap=XX to specify each section of
> memories for 2nd kernel. But later because a lot of reserved type ranges
> need to be passed ie. for pci mmconfig, and kernel cmdline buffer is
> limited so kexec-tools later switch to passing these in x86 boot params as
> E820 memory ranges directly.
>> On my arm64 implementation, "linux,usable-memory" property is added
>> to device tree blob by kexec-tools for this purpose.
>> This is because, when I first implemented kdump on arm64, ppc is the only
>> architecture that supports kdump AND utilizes device trees.
>> Since kexec-tools as well as the kernel already has this framework,
>> I believed that device-tree approach was smarter than a commandline
>> parameter.
>> However, uefi-based kernel ignores all the memory-related properties
>> in a device tree and so this "mem=" workaround
> Kdump kernel reuses the memmap info getting from firmware during 1st kernel
> boot, I do not think the memmap info can be cooked for crash kernel usable
> memory. But it might be a better way to use a special fdt node for crash
> kernel memory even for UEFI..

Do you still prefer "memmap=" approach?

Just FYI,

       x86                     arm            arm64            powerpc{,64}

(a)   cmdline(crashkernel=)   cmdline        cmdline          cmdline
(b)   iomem                   iomem          iomem            dev tree
(c)   cmdline(memmap=)        cmdline(mem=)  dev tree         dev tree
                                              & cmdline(mem=)

(a) how we specify/reserve crash dump kernel's memory on 1st kernel
(b) how we inform userspace tool of crash dump kernel's memory on 1st kernel
     - iomem: add "Crash kernel" entry in /proc/iomem
     - dev tree: add /chosen/linux,crashkernel-base (and crashkernel-size)
(c) how we specify usable memory on crash dump kernel
     - dev tree: add /chosen/memory/linux,usable-memory

As you see, arm64, and arm as well, does things in a *hybrid* way of x86 and ppc.
I think we should go for a uniform way with device tree as ppc does.
(Even for (a), we can use a device tree.)

> Another way is introducing a similar memmap=, but maybe consider only
> system_ram type ranges. For other memory areas still use UEFI memmap.

Yeah, I don't know whether we need additional formats of memmap=, like
memmap=XX$YY or memmap=XX#YY, for ACPI stuffs.

-Takahiro AKASHI

> Thanks
> Dave

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