[PATCH v3 1/6] ARM: l2c: Add DT support for Shared Override

Catalin Marinas catalin.marinas at arm.com
Tue May 5 04:21:46 PDT 2015

On Mon, May 04, 2015 at 05:24:27PM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> "CoreLink Level 2 Cache Controller L2C-310", p. 2-15, section 2.3.2
> Shareable attribute" states:
>     "The default behavior of the cache controller with respect to the
>      shareable attribute is to transform Normal Memory Non-cacheable
>      transactions into:
>         - cacheable no allocate for reads
>         - write through no write allocate for writes."
> Depending on the system architecture, this may cause memory corruption
> in the presence of bus mastering devices (e.g. OHCI). To avoid such
> corruption, the default behavior can be disabled by setting the Shared
> Override bit in the Auxiliary Control register.
> Currently the Shared Override bit can be set only using C code:
>   - by calling l2x0_init() directly, which is deprecated,
>   - by setting/clearing the bit in the machine_desc.l2c_aux_val/mask
>     fields, but using values differing from 0/~0 is also deprecated.

Or you can set it in firmware/boot-loader before Linux starts.

> Hence add support for an "arm,shared-override" device tree property for
> the l2c device node. By specifying this property, affected systems can
> indicate that non-cacheable transactions must not be transformed.
> If specified, the actual behavior of the kernel depends on whether CMA
> is available or not:
>   - If CMA is available, nothing needs to be done, as there won't be a
>     kernel linear mappings and cacheable aliases for the DMA buffers,

I don't think this is true. See this thread:


>   - If CMA is not available, the "shared attribute override enable" bit
>     will be set.

IMO, this should always be done, independent of any DT or kernel
configuration. I stated it several times already that I don't see why we
would ever need such bit cleared:


Personally I don't think this configuration belongs to the DT,
especially as it may depend on how the OS is configured. But since
Russell has refused to take patches setting this bit by default (I have
yet to see a valid argument), it's still better than nothing.


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