RPmsg, DMA and ARM64

Russell King - ARM Linux linux at arm.linux.org.uk
Thu Mar 26 08:26:07 PDT 2015

On Tue, Mar 24, 2015 at 02:37:49PM +1000, Edgar E. Iglesias wrote:
> I'm trying to run rpmsg and remoteproc on the ZynqMP but hitting an mm error.
> I'm not sure who is breaking the rules, rpmsg or the dma allocators?
> When rpmsg sets up the virtqueues, it allocates memory with
> dma_alloc_coherent() and initializes a scatterlist with sg_init_one().
> drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c:rpmsg_probe().
> sg_init_one() requires that the memory it gets is virt_addr_valid().
> The problem I'm seeing is that on arm64, the dma alloc functions can
> return vmalloced (via dma_common_contiguous_remap) memory. This
> then causes havoc when the scatterlist code tries to go virt_to_page
> and back to get hold of a physical adress (sg_phys()).

dma_alloc_coherent() is permitted to remap the memory which it returns;
it's allowed not to be part of the linear mapping.  The underlying
memory could even be sourced from highmem and mapped in on demand.

This means that using virt_to_page() et.al. on the return value from
dma_alloc_coherent() is not permitted.

The only way to pass such memory using scatterlists is by doing:

	sg_init_table(sg, 1);
	sg_dma_address(sg) = addr;
	sg_dma_length(sg) = length;

Such a scatterlist must _never_ have the dma_(map|unmap|sync)_sg*()
functions called on it - the only operations which would be permissible
is to walk the scatterlist, and access it using the standard DMA
accessors sg_dma_address() and sg_dma_length().

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