[PATCH/RFC 0/4] Probe deferral for IOMMU DT integration

Laurent Pinchart laurent.pinchart at ideasonboard.com
Tue Mar 3 15:54:46 PST 2015


I haven't seen any reply to this e-mail. I know that the combination of IOMMU, 
DMA mapping and DT doesn't exactly sound like fun, but I think we still need 
to move on :-)

Will and Arnd, could you please confirm that my summary below matches your 
memories of our discussion ?

On Monday 16 February 2015 18:14:45 Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> On Thursday 05 February 2015 16:31:58 Laura Abbott wrote:
> > Hi,
> > 
> > On the heels of Exynos integrating SMMU in to the DT for probing,
> > this series attempts to add support to make SMMU drivers work with
> > deferred probing. This has been referenced before[1] but this is
> > some actual code to use as a starting point for discussion.
> > 
> > The requirement for this is based on a previous patch to add clock
> > support to the ARM SMMU driver[2]. Once we have clock support, it's
> > possible that the driver itself may need to be defered which breaks
> > a bunch of assumptions about how SMMU probing is supposed to work.
> > The concept here is to have the driver call of_dma_configure which
> > may return -EPROBE_DEFER. of_dma_configure could possibly be moved
> > up to probe level. The existing method of initialization still needs
> > to be done as well which might mean we have the worst of both worlds.
> > 
> > Open questions:
> > - This still doesn't really address Arnd's concerns[3] about disabling
> > IOMMUs
> Arnd, Will and I have discussed IOMMU probe deferral last week. Here's a
> summary of the discussion, before the details blur away.
> The discussion covered both higher level concepts and lower level details,
> in various directions. I'll try to make the summary clear by filling the
> gaps between pieces where needed, so some of the information below might
> not be a direct result of the discussions. Arnd and Will, please feel free
> to correct me.
> The first question we've discussed was whether probe deferral for IOMMUs is
> really needed. Various dependencies between IOMMU devices and other devices
> exist, in particular on clocks (as you have mentioned above) and on power
> domains (as mentioned by Marek in
> http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2015-February/323238.
> html). While there are mechanism to handle some of them with probe deferral
> (for instance by using the OF_DECLARE macros to register clock drivers),
> generalizing those mechanisms would essentially recreate a probe ordering
> mechanism similar to link order probe ordering and couldn't really scale.
> Additionally, IOMMUs could also be present hot-pluggable devices and depend
> on resources that are thus hot-plugged. OF_DECLARE wouldn't help in that
> case. For all those reasons we have concluded that probe deferral for
> IOMMUs is desired if it can be implemented cleanly.
> The second question we've discussed was how to implement probe deferral
> cleanly :-)
> The current implementation configures DMA at device creation time and sets
> the following properties:
> - dma_map_ops (IOMMU, SWIOTLB, linear mapping)
> - initial DMA mask
> - DMA offset
> - DMA coherency
> Additionally the IOMMU group (when an IOMMU is present) will also be
> configured at the same time (patches are under review).
> The base idea is to defer probing of bus master devices when their IOMMU
> isn't present. Three cases need to be handled.
> 1. No IOMMU is declared by the firmware (through DT, ACPI, ...) for the bus
> master device. The bus master device probe doesn't need to be deferred due
> to the IOMMU. dma_map_ops must be set to SWIOTLB or linear mapping (the
> later should likely be implemented through SWIOTLB).
> 2. An IOMMU is declared for the bus master device and the IOMMU has been
> successfully probed and registered. The bus master device probe doesn't need
> to be deferred due to the IOMMU. dma_map_ops must be set to IOMMU ops.
> 3. An IOMMU is declared for the bus master device but the IOMMU isn't
> registered. This can be caused by different reasons:
> - a. No driver is loaded for this IOMMU (for instance because DT describes
> the IOMMU connection, but the IOMMU driver hasn't been developed yet, or an
> older kernel is used). If the IOMMU is optional the bus master device probe
> should succeed, and dma_map_ops should be set to linear. If the IOMMU is
> mandatory the bus master device probe should fail.
> Note that, as we require IOMMU drivers to be compiled in, we don't need to
> handle the case of loadable IOMMU drivers that haven't been loaded yet.
> - b. A driver is loaded for this IOMMU but the IOMMU hasn't been probed yet,
> or its probe has been deferred. The bus master device probe should be
> deferred.
> - c. A driver is loaded for this IOMMU but the IOMMU probe has failed
> permanently. It's not clear at the moment whether we should try to recover
> from this automatically using the same mechanism as case 3.a, or if we can
> considered this as an abnormal failure and disable the bus master device.
> Assuming that we should try to recover from such an error, we can't predict
> this case when the device is instantiated (even if IOMMUs are registered
> before bus master devices are added, for instance using the OF_DECLARE
> mechanism that Will has implemented). We thus need to setup the dma_map_ops
> and IOMMU group at bus master device probe time.
> Furthermore, we can't distinguish cases 3.a and 3.b at bus master probe time
> without early registration of IOMMU drivers. Case 3.a would instead be
> considered as 3.b, leading to infinite probe deferral of bus master
> devices.
> For those reasons we have concluded that IOMMU probe deferral needs to be
> implemented with a combination of several mechanisms. The following steps
> should happen at bus master device probe time.
> 1. The IOMMU device referenced by the firmware with the bus master device is
> looked up. On DT-based systems, this will be the IOMMU DT node referenced
> by the iommus property. If no IOMMU device is associated, dma_map_ops will
> be set to linear mapping or SWIOTLB and device probe will continue.
> 2. An IOMMU device is referenced for the bus master device.
> The corresponding IOMMU instance is looked up. This requires a new IOMMU
> registration system. IOMMU drivers will create IOMMU instances at probe time
> and register them with the IOMMU core.
> If an IOMMU instance is found for the referenced IOMMU device, the IOMMU
> instance's of_xlate function will be called to setup the IOMMU.
> If the of_xlate call succeeds dma_map_ops will be set to IOMMU ops and
> device probe will continue. If the call fails we can either fail the bus
> master device probe, or fall back to non-IOMMU dma_map_ops (to be
> discussed).
> 3. The IOMMU device referenced for the bus master device isn't present, due
> to the IOMMU device probe not having been performed yet, having been
> deferred, or having failed.
> The IOMMU driver associated with the IOMMU device is looked up. This was
> initially thought to require an early registration mechanism for IOMMU
> drivers (using an OF_DECLARE mechanism for DT-based systems for instance),
> but on second thought it might be possible to implement this based on
> normal driver registration (to be researched).
> If an IOMMU driver is found for the referenced IOMMU device, a callback
> function of the IOMMU driver is called to check whether an IOMMU instance is
> expected to be registered later (most IOMMU drivers will just return true,
> so we could skip this callback function until an IOMMU driver requires it).
> If an IOMMU instance is expected to be registered later the bus master
> device probe is deferred. Otherwise dma_map_ops will be set to linear
> mapping/SWIOTLB and device probe will continue.
> The initial DMA mask and the DMA offset can still be configured at device
> instantiation time if desired.
> > - Currently tested where we knew the driver was going to be deferring.
> > Probably need some logic for calling of_dma_configure again.
> > 
> > This is based on Robin Murphy's work for dma mapping[4] and a few
> > patches from Murali Kaicheri[5] for of_dma_configure.
> > 
> > 
> > [1] http://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/iommu/2015-> > January/011764.html
> > [2] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2014-> > August/279036.html
> > [3] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2014-> > December/311579.html
> > [4] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2015-> > January/315459.html
> > [5] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2015-> > January/319390.html
> > 
> > Laura Abbott (3):
> >   dma-mapping: Make arch_setup_dma_ops return an error code
> >   of: Return error codes from of_dma_configure
> >   iommu/arm-smmu: Support deferred probing
> > 
> > Mitchel Humpherys (1):
> >   iommu/arm-smmu: add support for specifying clocks
> >  
> >  arch/arm/include/asm/dma-mapping.h   |   2 +-
> >  arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c            |   4 +-
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/dma-mapping.h |   2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/mm/dma-mapping.c          |  16 +--
> >  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c             | 186 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> >  drivers/iommu/iommu.c                |  49 ++++++++-
> >  drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c             |  14 ++-
> >  drivers/of/device.c                  |   9 +-
> >  include/linux/dma-mapping.h          |   7 +-
> >  include/linux/iommu.h                |   2 +
> >  include/linux/of_device.h            |   4 +-
> >  11 files changed, 268 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)


Laurent Pinchart

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