[PATCH RFC 0/3] PM / Domains: Generic PM domains for cpus

Kevin Hilman khilman at kernel.org
Wed Jun 10 10:24:51 PDT 2015

Lina Iyer <lina.iyer at linaro.org> writes:

> This is an attempt to provide a generic PM domain for cpus, so as to allow the
> cpu domain to be powered off, when all the cpus are in power down state during
> cpuidle. 

You don't use the word "cluster" here, but it might be helpful to
summarize this as using a genpd to model a cluster.  A cluster contains
CPUs, but also additional devices/logic like L2$, GIC, PMUs, floating
point units, CoreSight, etc. etc.

> The rationale behind the change is that newer SoCs can power down the
> cpus for very short sleep times to save on leakage power. The domain which
> usually has the cpus, a second level cache and some peripheral hardware is
> powered by a rail that can also be turned off when the cpus are not in
> use.

This last sentence doesn't read well.  I think you meant something like:

In the domain which has the CPUs, a second level cache and some
peripheral hardware might share the power rail with the CPUs so could
also be turned off when the cpus are not in use.

> Devices for each cpu, L2 and other related blocks could be attached to the
> domain and when there are no uses of these devices (device idle) the domain
> could also be powered off. Generic PM domains provides all the backend needed
> for such an organization.
> In the first 2 patches, I make genpd usable in atomic context as well. CPUIdle

s/as well//

> runs with irqs disabled and therefore use of mutexes in the current genpd
> implementation is a limitation. But, not all PM domains need to operate in irq
> safe context, those that need to can specify explicitly the irq safe
> requirement of the genpd at init. Devices and sub-domains that attach to an irq
> safe genpd also have to be irq safe.
> The third patch, adds a generic PM domain for the cpus. GenPD provider can be

drop the ',' 

A GenPD provider...

> specified in the DT and individual cpus that are part of the domain would be
> the domain consumers. A new API pm_cpu_domain_init() has been introduced that
> would initialize the genpd and attach cpus specified as consumers in the DT to
> the domain. 

Hmm, doesn't the of_genpd_* stuff already handle this?

What about non-CPU consumers in the same domain?  

> When the cpus enter their idle state cpu_pm notifications are sent
> out for that cpu. The last cpu to send cpu_pm notification would trigger the
> domain power_off callback and the first cpu to come up would trigger the genpd
> power_on callback.  Generally, the power_off callback is where the caches are
> flushed in preparation for a power down and the domain hardware configured to
> power down when the cpu finishes execution. In the power_on callback, the
> domain hardware is reset to a state to allow cpus to be active or entire idle
> states individually.
> A future addition to this feature, could be a new genpd governor for the
> specific case of the cpu domain.  The governor may look up the time available
> to sleep between the last cpu down and the first cpu up, in determining if it
> would be more efficient to just keep the domain powered on.
> This patch is based on Ulf's patch for simplifying domain power down states
> [1], which removes a bunch of complexity in genpd, simplifying atomic genpd.


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