Regression with legacy IRQ numbers caused by 9a1091ef0017

Russell King - ARM Linux linux at
Fri Jan 16 09:22:23 PST 2015

On Fri, Jan 16, 2015 at 08:41:06AM -0800, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> * Russell King - ARM Linux <linux at> [150116 08:33]:
> > I would still like to understand /why/ enabling preempt causes the error.
> > Changing the preempt configuration really should not change what happens
> > on the bus.  (Think about it.)  It's an indication that there is some
> > other error present.
> We have a wrong irq number caused by $subject. And the wrong irq
> gets triggered before the dma hardware is configured during dma
> init. And then we get the invalid access error from omap_l3_noc.

... which should happen whether or not preempt is enabled, which is
really my point.

We know tha the wrong IRQ gets requested by the driver - and that wrong
IRQ is requested whether or not we have preempt enabled.  Yet we get
the warning whether or not preempt is enabled.

The DMA handler is not registered as a threaded handler, so it's not
depending on a context switch to execute omap2_dma_irq_handler().

Another reason why I don't agree with your explanation is that by the
time setup_irq() is called, we have already poked at the DMA hardware
several times - omap_clear_dma() and omap2_disable_irq_lch() will have
been called for each DMA channel - and both will write to the hardware.

What's more is that the only things left after setup_irq() has been
called is to possibly reserve the first two DMA channels and print
the DMA message (via show_dma_caps).  So I see nothing after setup_irq()
which would "finish" any unfinished hardware initialisation.

The final reason I don't agree is that I've put a printk() in
omap2_dma_irq_handler(), and this does not trigger.

So, I think this has nothing to do with the DMA hardware /at all/,
but more to do with the GPIO code, and it suggests that the GPIO code
publishes IRQs before it is safe for those IRQs to be used.

Maybe it has to do with omap_gpio_irq_handler() being called... added
printk(), nope, that's not called either.  So it's not an IRQ which
gets triggered at all.

What is called are (in order):


and this reveals where the problem is, especially when you then add
instrumentation into the runtime PM functions - and this reveals that
when a GPIO IRQ is requested, these functions are called while the
GPIO is runtime suspended.

_That_ is where the *real* problem lies - requesting a GPIO interrupt
results in the kernel touching possibly runtime-suspended hardware.

The reason it happens with preempt is that preempt introduces scheduling
points during the kernel boot which would not otherwise be there (with
preempt disabled, you have to hit an explicit context switch due to
contention on some lock or a wait in order for some other thread to run.)

So, the GPIO driver really needs fixing - and I'd suggest fixing it
first, before fixing the DMA problem, because the DMA problem allows
us to see the GPIO problem.

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