[PATCH RFC 1/2] Documentation: arm: define DT bindings for system suspend

Mark Rutland mark.rutland at arm.com
Thu Feb 5 05:32:31 PST 2015

On Thu, Feb 05, 2015 at 01:28:32PM +0000, Sudeep Holla wrote:
> On 04/02/15 16:10, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > Hi Sudeep,
> >
> > On Wed, Jan 21, 2015 at 11:35:54AM +0000, Sudeep Holla wrote:
> >> ARM based platforms implement unique ways to enter system suspend
> >> (i.e. Suspend to RAM). The mechanism and the parameters defining the
> >> system state vary on a per-platform basis forcing the OS to handle it
> >> in very platform specific way.
> >>
> >> Since ARM 32-bit systems had machine specific code, no attempts to
> >> standardize are being made as it provides easy way to implement suspend
> >> operations in a platform specific manner. However, this approach not
> >> only makes maintainance more difficult as the number of platforms
> >> supported increases but also not feasible for ARM64.
> >>
> >> This DT binding aims at standardizing the system suspend for ARM
> >> platforms. ARM64 platforms mandates entry-method property in DT for
> >> this system suspend node.
> >>
> >> On system implementing PSCI as an enable-method to enter system suspend,
> >> the PSCI CPU suspend method is used on versions upto v0.2 and requires
> >> the power_state parameter to be passed to the PSCI CPU suspend function.
> >>
> >> This parameter is platform specific, therefore must be provided by
> >> firmware to the OS in order to enable proper call sequence.
> >>
> >> This ARM system suspend DT bindings rely on a property
> >> (i.e. arm,psci-suspend-param) in the PSCI DT bindings that describes
> >> how the PSCI CPU suspend power_state parameter should be defined in DT.
> >
> > A short while ago (after this posting), the PSCI 1.0 spec [1] was
> > released, featuring the new (optional) SYSTEM_SUSPEND mechanism intended
> > for suspend to RAM. This has a standard ID, and its presence can be
> > detected via the new standard PSCI_FEATURES call.
> >
> > The fundamental mechanism is identical. We would hot unplug all but one
> > CPU, and from this remaining CPU we would make a SYSTEM_SUSPEND call.
> > The major differences are that SYSTEM_SUSPEND can be detected via
> > PSCI_FEATURES, and doesn't need a state parameter.
> >
> > Given that the only mandatory addition in PSCI 1.0 over PSCI 0.2 is the
> > PSCI_FEATURES call (used to detect the presence of SYSTEM_SUSPEND), I do
> > not believe that implementing this should be a signficant overhead
> > compared to implementing the CPU_SUSPEND based approach with PSCI 0.2.
> >
> > So I'd very much prefer that we require a minimal PSCI 1.0 with
> > SYSTEM_SUSPEND rather than extending CPU_SUSPEND in this manner. Is
> > anyone attempting to implement suspend to RAM with PSCI 0.1?
> >
> I too prefer have PSCI v1.0 for SYSTEM SUSPEND support, which eliminates
> the need for this binding. But the question is: are silicon vendors
> ready to upgrade their firmware to PSCI v1.0 for system system feature
> especially since it's one of the fundamental feature needed in Android
> systems.

Sure. That's the question I'd like to know the answer to.

If they're bringing up PSCIv0.2 now, the delta to PSCIv0.1 is not large.

If they already have an implementation baked, then that's a different

Regardless, what constitutes a wakeup device is a fundamental question
to answer, along with what in the system (e.g.  peripherals) the kernel
must save/restore the state of.


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