[PATCH v4 1/5] PCI: designware: add memory barrier after enabling region
jszhang at marvell.com
Thu Dec 10 21:48:57 PST 2015
On Fri, 11 Dec 2015 09:35:10 +0530 Pratyush Anand wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 9, 2015 at 3:53 PM, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> >> > > dw_pcie_writel_rc(pp, PCIE_ATU_ENABLE, PCIE_ATU_CR2);
> >> > > + /*
> >> > > + * ensure that the ATU enable has been happaned before accessing
> >> > > + * pci configuration/io spaces through dw_pcie_cfg_[read|write].
> >> > > + */
> >> > > + wmb();
> >> > > }
> >> > >
> >> My understnading is that since writel() of dw_pcie_writel_rc() in
> >> above code and readl(), writel() of dw_pcie_cfg_[read|write]() (which
> >> will follow) goes through same device (ie PCIe host here). So, it is
> >> guaranteed that 1st writel() will be executed before later
> >> readl()/writel(). If that is true then we do not need any explicit
> >> barrier here.
> >> Arnd, Russel: whats your opinion here.
> > ^l
> Sorry :(
> > writel() has a barrier _before_ the access but not after.
> > The fact is that there's nothing which guarantees that the write will hit
> > the hardware in a timely manner (forget any rules about PCI config space,
> > the PCI ordering rules apply to the PCI bus, not to the ARM buses.)
> > If you need this write to have hit the hardware before continuing, you
> > need to read back from the same register.
> OK, so better to replace wmb() with read back of control register.
> > I'm just looking at this driver, trying to decipher what it's doing. It
> > _looks_ to me like it's reprogramming one of the outbound windows (IO?)
> > so that configuration space can be accessed. Doesn't this have the
> > effect of disabling access to the IO segment of the PCI bus from the
> > host CPU?
> > What protections are there against other CPUs in the system issuing a
> > PCI I/O read/write while this outbound window is programmed as
> > configuration space?
> Yes, that is an issue with this driver. Most of the host controller
> has 4 or more viewpoints, and it is very easy to handle for them. But
> there are few which has only two viewpoints. Do not know how to solve
> it, so that it works for all.
The default outbound iATU number is two, this may be the reason why the driver
is written in current style. And two outbound iATUs may be common for pcie dw
users because ASIC people just follow the default configuration ;).
In our case, Marvell Berlin SoCs have two outbound iATUs.
More information about the linux-arm-kernel